Ayamaka, Āyāmaka: 2 definitions


Ayamaka means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Chandas (prosody, study of Sanskrit metres)

Source: Journal of the University of Bombay Volume V: Apabhramsa metres (2)

Āyāmaka (आयामक) is the name of an Apabhraṃśa metre classified as Dvipadi (metres with two lines in a stanza) discussed in books such as the Chandonuśāsana, Kavidarpaṇa, Vṛttajātisamuccaya and Svayambhūchandas.—Āyāmaka has 33 mātrās in each of their two lines, made up by 7 caturmātras and 1 pañcamātra at the end. The yati in this is not mentioned and this means that it is the usual one coming after the 8th mātrā, the initial beat of the tāla being on the 1st mātrā.—When on the other hand, the initial beat is shifted from the first to the 3rd, 5th and 7th mātrās, and consequently the initial yati is shifted from the 8th to the 10th, 12th and the 14th mātrās, the same Āyāmaka is called respectively, Kāñcīdāma, Raśanādāma and Cuḍāmaṇi. The preposition ‘upa’ is prefixed to the names of these four metres, if their lines are formed with 1 ṣaṇmātra, 6 caturmātras, and 1 trimātra, instead of the usual 7 caturmātras and 1 pañcamātra.

Chandas book cover
context information

Chandas (छन्दस्) refers to Sanskrit prosody and represents one of the six Vedangas (auxiliary disciplines belonging to the study of the Vedas). The science of prosody (chandas-shastra) focusses on the study of the poetic meters such as the commonly known twenty-six metres mentioned by Pingalas.

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Languages of India and abroad

Sanskrit dictionary

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Edgerton Buddhist Hybrid Sanskrit Dictionary

Ayamaka (अयमक).—[, in Bodhisattvabhūmi 152.10, epithet of prātihārya, read yamaka, q.v.]

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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