Ayama, Āyāma: 12 definitions

Introduction

Ayama means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Buddhism, Pali, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Ayurveda (science of life)

Source: PMC: Effect of Grīvā Vasti

Ayama (feeling of stretching).

Ayurveda book cover
context information

Āyurveda (आयुर्वेद, ayurveda) is a branch of Indian science dealing with medicine, herbalism, taxology, anatomy, surgery, alchemy and related topics. Traditional practice of Āyurveda in ancient India dates back to at least the first millenium BC. Literature is commonly written in Sanskrit using various poetic metres.

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Vyakarana (Sanskrit grammar)

Source: Wikisource: A dictionary of Sanskrit grammar

Āyāma (आयाम).—Tension of the limbs or organs producing sound, which is noticed in the utterance of a vowel which is accented acute (उदात्त (udātta)) आयामो गात्राणां दैघ्र्यमाकर्षणं वा (āyāmo gātrāṇāṃ daighryamākarṣaṇaṃ vā); com. on Tait. Prāt. XXII. 9; cf. ऊर्ध्वगमनं गात्राणाम् वायुनिमित्तं (ūrdhvagamanaṃ gātrāṇām vāyunimittaṃ) Uv.on R. Prāt. III.1; cf. also ऊर्ध्वगमनं शरीरस्य (ūrdhvagamanaṃ śarīrasya) com. on Vāj. Prāt I.31; cf. also आयामो दारुण्यमणुता रवत्येत्युच्चैःकराणि शाब्दस्य (āyāmo dāruṇyamaṇutā ravatyetyuccaiḥkarāṇi śābdasya) M.Bh. on P. I.2.29.

context information

Vyakarana (व्याकरण, vyākaraṇa) refers to Sanskrit grammar and represents one of the six additional sciences (vedanga) to be studied along with the Vedas. Vyakarana concerns itself with the rules of Sanskrit grammar and linguistic analysis in order to establish the correct context of words and sentences.

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Jyotisha (astronomy and astrology)

Source: Wikibooks (hi): Sanskrit Technical Terms

Āyāma (आयाम).—Breadth of an object; sometimes, length as opposed to breadth. Note: Āyāma is a Sanskrit technical term used in ancient Indian sciences such as Astronomy, Mathematics and Geometry.

Jyotisha book cover
context information

Jyotisha (ज्योतिष, jyotiṣa or jyotish) refers to ‘astronomy’ or “Vedic astrology” and represents the fifth of the six Vedangas (additional sciences to be studied along with the Vedas). Jyotisha concerns itself with the study and prediction of the movements of celestial bodies, in order to calculate the auspicious time for rituals and ceremonies.

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Languages of India and abroad

Pali-English dictionary

Source: BuddhaSasana: Concise Pali-English Dictionary

āyāma : (m.) length. (adj.) (in cpds.) having the length of.

Source: Sutta: The Pali Text Society's Pali-English Dictionary

Āyāma, (fr. ā + yam, see āyamati) — 1. (lit.) stretching, stretching out, extension Vin. I, 349 = J. III, 488 (mukh°). ‹-› 2. (appl.) usually as linear measure: extension, length (often combd. with and contrasted to vitthāra breadth or width & ubbedha height), as n. (esp. in Abl. āyāmato & Instr. āyāmena in length) or as adj. (-°): J. I, 7, 49 (°ato tīṇi yojanasatāni, vitthārato aḍḍhatiyāni); III, 389; Miln. 17 (ratanaṃ soḷasahatthaṃ āyāmena aṭṭhahatthaṃ vitthārena), 282 (ratanaṃ catuhatth’āyāmaṃ); Vism. 205 (+ vitth°); Khb 133 (+ vitthāra & parikkhepa); VvA. 188 (soḷasayojan°), 199 (°vitthārehi), 221 (°ato + vitth°); PvA. 77 (+ vitth°), 113 (id. + ubbedha); DhA. I, 17 (saṭṭhi-yojan°). (Page 106)

Pali book cover
context information

Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.

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Marathi-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

āyāma (आयाम).—m S Length.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English

āyāma (आयाम).—m Length.

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Āyāma (आयाम).—[ā-yam-ghañ]

1) Length; तिर्यगायामशोभी (tiryagāyāmaśobhī) Me. 59.

2) Expansion, extension; Ki.7.6.

3) Stretching, extending.

4) Restraint, control, stopping; प्राणायाम- परायणाः (prāṇāyāma- parāyaṇāḥ) Bg.4.29; प्राणायामः परं तपः (prāṇāyāmaḥ paraṃ tapaḥ) Ms.2.83.

Derivable forms: āyāmaḥ (आयामः).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Āyāma (आयाम).—m.

(-maḥ) 1. Length, either in space or time. 2. Breadth, (in mensuration.) 3. Restraint, restraining. E. āṅ before yama to cease, ghañ aff.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Āyāma (आयाम).—i. e. ā-yam + a, m. 1. Stopping, [Vedāntasāra, (in my Chrestomathy.)] in Chr. 217, 14. 2. Oppression, [Rājataraṅgiṇī] 5, 165 (perhaps is to be read āyāsa, q. cf.). 3. Length, [Rāmāyaṇa] 1, 40, 18.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Āyāma (आयाम).—[masculine] stretching out, extension, length (poss. mavant or min); stopping, restraint (poss. min).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Ayāma (अयाम):—[=a-yāma] m. not a path, [Taittirīya-saṃhitā]

2) [v.s. ...] not a night-watch, any time during daylight.

3) Āyāma (आयाम):—[=ā-yāma] [from ā-yam] m. stretching, extending, [Ṛgveda-prātiśākhya; Suśruta] etc.

4) [v.s. ...] restraining, restrained, stopping, [Manu-smṛti; Mahābhārata; Bhagavad-gītā] etc.

5) [v.s. ...] expansion, length (either in space or time), breadth (in mensuration), [Suśruta; Āśvalāyana-gṛhya-sūtra; Rāmāyaṇa; Meghadūta etc.]

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family. Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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