Ayama, aka: Āyāma; 8 Definition(s)

Introduction

Ayama means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Buddhism, Pali, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Ayurveda (science of life)

Ayama (feeling of stretching).

Source: PMC: Effect of Grīvā Vasti
Ayurveda book cover
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Āyurveda (आयुर्वेद, ayurveda) is a branch of Indian science dealing with medicine, herbalism, taxology, anatomy, surgery, alchemy and related topics. Traditional practice of Āyurveda in ancient India dates back to at least the first millenium BC. Literature is commonly written in Sanskrit using various poetic metres.

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Vyakarana (Sanskrit grammar)

Āyāma (आयाम).—Tension of the limbs or organs producing sound, which is noticed in the utterance of a vowel which is accented acute (उदात्त (udātta)) आयामो गात्राणां दैघ्र्यमाकर्षणं वा (āyāmo gātrāṇāṃ daighryamākarṣaṇaṃ vā); com. on Tait. Prāt. XXII. 9; cf. ऊर्ध्वगमनं गात्राणाम् वायुनिमित्तं (ūrdhvagamanaṃ gātrāṇām vāyunimittaṃ) Uv.on R. Prāt. III.1; cf. also ऊर्ध्वगमनं शरीरस्य (ūrdhvagamanaṃ śarīrasya) com. on Vāj. Prāt I.31; cf. also आयामो दारुण्यमणुता रवत्येत्युच्चैःकराणि शाब्दस्य (āyāmo dāruṇyamaṇutā ravatyetyuccaiḥkarāṇi śābdasya) M.Bh. on P. I.2.29.

Source: Wikisource: A dictionary of Sanskrit grammar
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Vyakarana (व्याकरण, vyākaraṇa) refers to Sanskrit grammar and represents one of the six additional sciences (vedanga) to be studied along with the Vedas. Vyakarana concerns itself with the rules of Sanskrit grammar and linguistic analysis in order to establish the correct context of words and sentences.

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Jyotisha (astronomy and astrology)

Āyāma (आयाम).—Breadth of an object; sometimes, length as opposed to breadth. Note: Āyāma is a Sanskrit technical term used in ancient Indian sciences such as Astronomy, Mathematics and Geometry.

Source: Wikibooks (hi): Sanskrit Technical Terms
Jyotisha book cover
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Jyotiṣa (ज्योतिष, jyotisha or jyotish) basically refers to ‘astronomy’ or “Vedic astrology” and represents one of the six additional sciences to be studied along with the Vedas. Jyotiṣa concerns itself with the study and prediction of the movements of celestial bodies, in order to calculate the auspicious time for rituals and ceremonies.

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Languages of India and abroad

Pali-English dictionary

Ayama in Pali glossary... « previous · [A] · next »

āyāma : (m.) length. (adj.) (in cpds.) having the length of.

Source: BuddhaSasana: Concise Pali-English Dictionary

Āyāma, (fr. ā + yam, see āyamati) — 1. (lit.) stretching, stretching out, extension Vin. I, 349 = J. III, 488 (mukh°). ‹-› 2. (appl.) usually as linear measure: extension, length (often combd. with and contrasted to vitthāra breadth or width & ubbedha height), as n. (esp. in Abl. āyāmato & Instr. āyāmena in length) or as adj. (-°): J. I, 7, 49 (°ato tīṇi yojanasatāni, vitthārato aḍḍhatiyāni); III, 389; Miln. 17 (ratanaṃ soḷasahatthaṃ āyāmena aṭṭhahatthaṃ vitthārena), 282 (ratanaṃ catuhatth’āyāmaṃ); Vism. 205 (+ vitth°); Khb 133 (+ vitthāra & parikkhepa); VvA. 188 (soḷasayojan°), 199 (°vitthārehi), 221 (°ato + vitth°); PvA. 77 (+ vitth°), 113 (id. + ubbedha); DhA. I, 17 (saṭṭhi-yojan°). (Page 106)

Source: Sutta: The Pali Text Society's Pali-English Dictionary
Pali book cover
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Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.

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Marathi-English dictionary

āyāma (आयाम).—m S Length.

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

āyāma (आयाम).—m Length.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English
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Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit-English dictionary

Āyāma (आयाम).—[ā-yam-ghañ]

1) Length; तिर्यगायामशोभी (tiryagāyāmaśobhī) Me. 59.

2) Expansion, extension; Ki.7.6.

3) Stretching, extending.

4) Restraint, control, stopping; प्राणायाम- परायणाः (prāṇāyāma- parāyaṇāḥ) Bg.4.29; प्राणायामः परं तपः (prāṇāyāmaḥ paraṃ tapaḥ) Ms.2.83.

Derivable forms: āyāmaḥ (आयामः).

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary
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Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family. Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Relevant definitions

Search found 12 related definition(s) that might help you understand this better. Below you will find the 15 most relevant articles:

Abhyantarayama
Abhyantarāyāma (अभ्यन्तरायाम).—1) curvature of the spine by spasm. 2) emprosthonos. Derivable f...
Pranayama
Prāṇāyāma (प्राणायाम, “breath control”) refers to one of the six members (aṅga) of the Ṣaḍaṅgay...
Udatta
Udātta (उदात्त) refers to one of the 93 alaṃkāras (“figures of speech”) mentioned by Cirañjīva ...
Ayati
1) Ayāti (अयाति).—Son of King Nahuṣa and brother of Yayāti. (Mahābhārata, Ādi Parva, Chapter 75...
Anudatta
1) Anudātta (अनुदात्त).—One of the five sons created by Pañcajanya for the Pitṛs. (Mahābhārata,...
Ratana
Raṭana (रटन).—[raṭ-lyuṭ]1) The act of crying, screaming or shouting.2) A shout of applause, app...
Ubbedha
Ubbedha, (ud + vedha of vyadh) height, only as measure, contrasted with āyāma length, & vitthār...
Vishrambha
Viśrambha (विश्रम्भ).—1) Trust, confidence, familiar confidence, perfect intimacy or familiarit...
Anvavasarga
Anvavasarga (अन्ववसर्ग).—[sṛj-ghañ]1) Slackening, letting loose (opp. āyāma).2) Permission to d...
Ratana Sutta
1) Ratana, 2 (most likely=Sk. aratni: see ratani) a linear measure (which Abhp p. 23 gives as e...
Ratana Vagga
1) Ratana, 2 (most likely=Sk. aratni: see ratani) a linear measure (which Abhp p. 23 gives as e...
Ratana Paritta
1) Ratana, 2 (most likely=Sk. aratni: see ratani) a linear measure (which Abhp p. 23 gives as e...

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