Cudamani, Cūḍāmaṇī, Cūḍāmaṇi, Cuda-mani: 14 definitions
Cudamani means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Jainism, Prakrit, the history of ancient India, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.
Alternative spellings of this word include Chudamani.
Natyashastra (theatrics and dramaturgy)Source: Wisdom Library: Nāṭya-śāstra
Cūḍāmaṇi (चूडामणि) refers to a “crest-jewel” and is classified as an ornament (ābharaṇa) for the head (śiras) to be worn by males, according to Nāṭyaśāstra chapter 23. It is to be worn on the top of the head. Such ornaments for males should be used in cases of gods and kings.
Cūḍāmaṇi (चूडामणि) also refers to a “crest-jewel” type of ornament (ābharaṇa) for the head (śiras) to be worn by females. Such ornaments for females should be used in cases of human females and celestial beings (gods and goddesses).
Ābharaṇa (‘ornaments’, eg., cūḍāmaṇi) is a category of alaṃkāra, or “decorations”, which in turn is a category of nepathya, or “costumes and make-up”, the perfection of which forms the main concern of the Āhāryābhinaya, or “extraneous representation”, a critical component for a successful dramatic play.
Natyashastra (नाट्यशास्त्र, nāṭyaśāstra) refers to both the ancient Indian tradition (śāstra) of performing arts, (nāṭya, e.g., theatrics, drama, dance, music), as well as the name of a Sanskrit work dealing with these subjects. It also teaches the rules for composing dramatic plays (nataka) and poetic works (kavya).
Rasashastra (chemistry and alchemy)Source: Wisdom Library: Rasa-śāstra
Cūḍāmaṇi (चूडामणि) is the name of an Ayurvedic recipe defined in the fourth volume of the Rasajalanidhi (chapter 2, dealing with jvara: fever). These remedies are classified as Iatrochemistry and form part of the ancient Indian science known as Rasaśāstra (medical alchemy). Pārvatīśaṅkara is an ayurveda treatment and should be taken with caution and in accordance with rules laid down in the texts.
Accordingly, when using such recipes (eg., cūḍāmaṇi-rasa): “the minerals (uparasa), poisons (viṣa), and other drugs (except herbs), referred to as ingredients of medicines, are to be duly purified and incinerated, as the case may be, in accordance with the processes laid out in the texts.” (see introduction to Iatro chemical medicines)
Rasashastra (रसशास्त्र, rasaśāstra) is an important branch of Ayurveda, specialising in chemical interactions with herbs, metals and minerals. Some texts combine yogic and tantric practices with various alchemical operations. The ultimate goal of Rasashastra is not only to preserve and prolong life, but also to bestow wealth upon humankind.
Ayurveda (science of life)Source: WorldCat: Rāj nighaṇṭu
Cūḍāmaṇī (चूडामणी) is another name for Raktaguñjā, one of the two varieties of Guñjā: a medicinal plants identified with Abrus precatorius (Indian licorice or rosary pea) from the Fabaceae or “legume family” of flowering plants, according to verse 3.113-116 of the 13th-century Raj Nighantu or Rājanighaṇṭu. The third chapter (guḍūcyādi-varga) of this book contains climbers and creepers (vīrudh). Together with the names Cūḍāmaṇī and Raktaguñjā, there are a total of sixteen Sanskrit synonyms identified for this plant.
Āyurveda (आयुर्वेद, ayurveda) is a branch of Indian science dealing with medicine, herbalism, taxology, anatomy, surgery, alchemy and related topics. Traditional practice of Āyurveda in ancient India dates back to at least the first millenium BC. Literature is commonly written in Sanskrit using various poetic metres.
General definition (in Jainism)Source: archive.org: Een Kritische Studie Van Svayambhūdeva’s Paümacariu
Cūḍāmaṇi (चूडामणि) participated in the war between Rāma and Rāvaṇa, on the side of the latter, as mentioned in Svayambhūdeva’s Paumacariu (Padmacarita, Paumacariya or Rāmāyaṇapurāṇa) chapter 57ff. Svayambhū or Svayambhūdeva (8th or 9th century) was a Jain householder who probably lived in Karnataka. His work recounts the popular Rāma story as known from the older work Rāmāyaṇa (written by Vālmīki). Various chapters [mentioning Cūḍāmaṇi] are dedicated to the humongous battle whose armies (known as akṣauhiṇīs) consisted of millions of soldiers, horses and elephants, etc.
Jainism is an Indian religion of Dharma whose doctrine revolves around harmlessness (ahimsa) towards every living being. The two major branches (Digambara and Svetambara) of Jainism stimulate self-control (or, shramana, ‘self-reliance’) and spiritual development through a path of peace for the soul to progess to the ultimate goal.
India history and geogprahySource: archive.org: Personal and geographical names in the Gupta inscriptions
Cūḍāmaṇi (चूडामणि) is a place-name classified as a nauyoga mentioned in the Gupta inscriptions. The Gupta empire (r. 3rd-century CE), founded by Śrī Gupta, covered much of ancient India and embraced the Dharmic religions such as Hinduism, Buddhism and Jainism. Cūḍāmaṇi literally means “a jewel worn by men and women on the top of the head” it denotes “the best or most excellent”. Combined with its epithet nauyoga, Cūḍāmaṇi signifies “the best of harbours”.Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Indian Epigraphical Glossary
Cūḍāmaṇi.—(IA 26), an eclipse on certain days. Note: cūḍāmaṇi is defined in the “Indian epigraphical glossary” as it can be found on ancient inscriptions commonly written in Sanskrit, Prakrit or Dravidian languages.
The history of India traces the identification of countries, villages, towns and other regions of India, as well as royal dynasties, rulers, tribes, local festivities and traditions and regional languages. Ancient India enjoyed religious freedom and encourages the path of Dharma, a concept common to Buddhism, Hinduism, and Jainism.
Languages of India and abroad
Marathi-English dictionarySource: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary
cūḍāmaṇī (चूडामणी).—m (S) A jewel worn in a crest. Hence fig. A person or thing preeminently excellent.Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English
cūḍāmaṇī (चूडामणी).—m A jewel worn in a crest.
Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.
Sanskrit-English dictionarySource: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary
1) a jewel worn on the top of the head, a crest-jewel (fig. also).
2) best, excellent (usually at the end of comp.).
Derivable forms: cūḍāmaṇiḥ (चूडामणिः).Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary
(-ṇiḥ) 1. A jewel worn in a crest or a diadem. 2. The Gunja, (Abrus precatorius.) E. cūḍā a crest, and maṇi a jewel.Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary
Cūḍāmaṇi (चूडामणि).—m. a jewel worn in a crest or diadem, [Hitopadeśa] i. [distich] 211, M. M. (
Cūḍāmaṇi is a Sanskrit compound consisting of the terms cūḍā and maṇi (मणि).Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary
Cūḍāmaṇi (चूडामणि).—[masculine] diadem (crest-jewel); the gem or best of (—°); [abstract] tā [feminine]Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Aufrecht Catalogus Catalogorum
1) Cūḍāmaṇi (चूडामणि) as mentioned in Aufrecht’s Catalogus Catalogorum:—[dharma] Quoted by Raghunandana and Kamalākara. See Ācāryacūḍāmaṇi.
2) Cūḍāmaṇi (चूडामणि):—[anonymous] by Śaktibhadra. Oppert. 2605.
3) Cūḍāmaṇi (चूडामणि):—author. See Kavicūḍāmaṇi, Rājacūḍāmaṇi.
4) Cūḍāmaṇi (चूडामणि):—on music. Quoted Oxf. 201^a.
5) Cūḍāmaṇi (चूडामणि):—on Hillāja, by Rāma. Devīpr. 79, 14.
6) Cūḍāmaṇi (चूडामणि):—son of Rāghavendra: Jñānāṅkura.Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary
1) Cūḍāmaṇi (चूडामणि):—[=cūḍā-maṇi] [from cūḍā > cūḍa] m. a jewel worn by men and women on the top of the head, [Mahābhārata i, 4628; vii, 826; Rāmāyaṇa] etc.
2) [v.s. ...] ifc. the (gem, id est. the) best or most excellent of [Kathāsaritsāgara cxxiii, 235; Dhūrtasamāgama i, 3; Vopadeva]
3) [v.s. ...] the seed of Abrus precatorius, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]
4) [v.s. ...] a metre of 4 x 7 syllables
5) [v.s. ...] an eclipse of the sun on a Sunday or an eclipse of the moon on a Monday, [Hemādri’s Caturvarga-cintāmaṇi i, 3; Gāruḍa-purāṇa]
6) [v.s. ...] a particular way of foretelling the future, [ccv]
7) [v.s. ...] Name of [work] on [astronomy]
8) [v.s. ...] of another on music
9) [v.s. ...] of a Kṣatriya, [Hitopadeśa iii, 9, 01]
Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family. Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.
See also (Relevant definitions)
Ends with (+38): Abhidhanacudamani, Acaryacudamani, Alamkaracudamani, Ankacudamani, Aparokshacudamani, Bhattacaryacudamani, Bhavacudamani, Cakracudamani, Candracudamani, Candrardhacudamani, Chandashcudamani, Citracudamani, Divyacudamani, Ganitacudamani, Haracudamani, Hasyacudamani, Horacudamani, Kamacudamani, Kandarpacudamani, Kavicudamani.
Full-text (+60): Cudamanibhattacarya, Cudamanita, Simantamani, Kandarpacudamani, Bhavacudamani, Nakshatracudamani, Haracudamani, Pancacudamani, Candracudamani, Cakracudamani, Nyayacudamaniprabha, Yogacudamani, Horacudamani, Cudamani dikshita, Prashnacudamani, Vratacudamani, Sahityacudamani, Tarkacudamani, Shleshacudamani, Siddhantacudamani.
Search found 10 books and stories containing Cudamani, Cūḍāmaṇī, Cūḍāmaṇi, Cuda-mani, Cūḍā-maṇi, Cūḍā-maṇī; (plurals include: Cudamanis, Cūḍāmaṇīs, Cūḍāmaṇis, manis, maṇis, maṇīs). You can also click to the full overview containing English textual excerpts. Below are direct links for the most relevant articles:
Trishashti Shalaka Purusha Caritra (by Helen M. Johnson)
List of 14 ornaments < [Notes]
Part 3: Story of Kīrtidhara and Sukośala < [Chapter IV - The, birth, marriage, and retreat to the forest of Rāma and Lakṣmaṇa]
A History of Indian Philosophy Volume 4 (by Surendranath Dasgupta)
Part 1 - The Bhāgavata-purāṇa (introduction) < [Chapter XXIV - The Bhāgavata-purāṇa]
Part 3 - Important Madhva Works < [Chapter XXV - Madhva and his School]
Bhajana-Rahasya (by Srila Bhaktivinoda Thakura Mahasaya)
The Religion and Philosophy of Tevaram (Thevaram) (by M. A. Dorai Rangaswamy)
Chapter 3.8 - Brahma-shirascheda-murti (cutting off Brahma’s head) < [Volume 2 - Nampi Arurar and Mythology]
Chapter 87 - Thiruchuzhial or Tirucculiyal (Hymn 82) < [Volume 3.7 - Unto the last]
Chapter 7 - Age of Nampi (Sundarar)—Examined < [Volume 1 - Nampi Arurar’s Tevaram (his life and age)]
The Fo-Sho-Hing-Tsan-King (A Life of Buddha) (by Samuel Beal)
Maha Prajnaparamita Sastra (by Gelongma Karma Migme Chödrön)
The lives of Mahātyāgavat < [Part 14 - Generosity and the other virtues]
Act 9.6: Ratnākara approves of Samantaraśmi’s venture to the Sahā universe < [Chapter XV - The Arrival of the Bodhisattvas of the Ten Directions]
Act 5.8: The weak, the sick and the crippled are healed < [Chapter XIV - Emission of rays]