Cudamani, aka: Cūḍāmaṇi, Cuda-mani; 7 Definition(s)

Introduction

Cudamani means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, the history of ancient India, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

Alternative spellings of this word include Chudamani.

In Hinduism

Ayurveda (science of life)

[Cudamani in Ayurveda glossaries]

Cūḍāmaṇi (चूडामणि) is another name for Guñjā, which is a Sanskrit word referring to Abrus precatorius (Indian liquorice). It is classified as a medicinal plant in the system of Āyurveda (science of Indian medicine) and is used throughout literature such as the Suśrutasaṃhita and the Carakasaṃhitā. The synonym was identified in the Rājanighaṇṭu (verses 3.112-114), which is a 13th-century medicinal thesaurus.

(Source): Wisdom Library: Āyurveda and botany
Ayurveda book cover
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Āyurveda (आयुर्वेद, ayurveda) is a branch of Indian science dealing with medicine, herbalism, taxology, anatomy, surgery, alchemy and related topics. Traditional practice of Āyurveda in ancient India dates back to at least the first millenium BC. Literature is commonly written in Sanskrit using various poetic metres.

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Natyashastra (theatrics and dramaturgy)

[Cudamani in Natyashastra glossaries]

Cūḍāmaṇi (चूडामणि) refers to a “crest-jewel” and is classified as an ornament (ābharaṇa) for the head (śiras) to be worn by males, according to Nāṭyaśāstra chapter 23. It is to be worn on the top of the head. Such ornaments for males should be used in cases of gods and kings.

Cūḍāmaṇi (चूडामणि) also refers to a “crest-jewel” type of ornament (ābharaṇa) for the head (śiras) to be worn by females. Such ornaments for females should be used in cases of human females and celestial beings (gods and goddesses).

Ābharaṇa (‘ornaments’, eg., cūḍāmaṇi) is a category of alaṃkāra, or “decorations”, which in turn is a category of nepathya, or “costumes and make-up”, the perfection of which forms the main concern of the Āhāryābhinaya, or “extraneous representation”, a critical component for a successful dramatic play.

(Source): Wisdom Library: Nāṭya-śāstra
Natyashastra book cover
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Natyashastra (नाट्यशास्त्र, nāṭyaśāstra) refers to both the ancient Indian tradition (śāstra) of performing arts, (nāṭya, e.g., theatrics, drama, dance, music), as well as the name of a Sanskrit work dealing with these subjects. It also teaches the rules for composing dramatic plays (nataka) and poetic works (kavya).

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Rasashastra (chemistry and alchemy)

[Cudamani in Rasashastra glossaries]

Cūḍāmaṇi (चूडामणि) is the name of an Ayurvedic recipe defined in the fourth volume of the Rasajalanidhi (chapter 2, dealing with jvara: fever). These remedies are classified as Iatrochemistry and form part of the ancient Indian science known as Rasaśāstra (medical alchemy). Pārvatīśaṅkara is an ayurveda treatment and should be taken with caution and in accordance with rules laid down in the texts.

Accordingly, when using such recipes (eg., cūḍāmaṇi-rasa): “the minerals (uparasa), poisons (viṣa), and other drugs (except herbs), referred to as ingredients of medicines, are to be duly purified and incinerated, as the case may be, in accordance with the processes laid out in the texts.” (see introduction to Iatro chemical medicines)

(Source): Wisdom Library: Rasa-śāstra
Rasashastra book cover
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Rasashastra (रसशास्त्र, rasaśāstra) is an important branch of Ayurveda, specialising in chemical interactions with herbs, metals and minerals. Some texts combine yogic and tantric practices with various alchemical operations. The ultimate goal of Rasashastra is not only to preserve and prolong life, but also to bestow wealth upon humankind.

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India history and geogprahy

[Cudamani in India history glossaries]

Cūḍāmaṇi (चूडामणि) is a place-name classified as a nauyoga mentioned in the Gupta inscriptions. The Gupta empire (r. 3rd-century CE), founded by Śrī Gupta, covered much of ancient India and embraced the Dharmic religions such as Hinduism, Buddhism and Jainism. Cūḍāmaṇi literally means “a jewel worn by men and women on the top of the head” it denotes “the best or most excellent”. Combined with its epithet nauyoga, Cūḍāmaṇi signifies “the best of harbours”.

(Source): archive.org: Personal and geographical names in the Gupta inscriptions
India history book cover
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The history of India traces the identification of countries, villages, towns and other regions of India, as well as royal dynasties, rulers, tribes, local festivities and traditions and regional languages. Ancient India enjoyed religious freedom and encourages the path of Dharma, a concept common to Buddhism, Hinduism, and Jainism.

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Languages of India and abroad

Marathi-English dictionary

[Cudamani in Marathi glossaries]

cūḍāmaṇī (चूडामणी).—m (S) A jewel worn in a crest. Hence fig. A person or thing preeminently excellent.

(Source): DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

cūḍāmaṇī (चूडामणी).—m A jewel worn in a crest.

(Source): DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English
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Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit-English dictionary

[Cudamani in Sanskrit glossaries]

Cūḍāmaṇi (चूडामणि).—

1) a jewel worn on the top of the head, a crest-jewel (fig. also).

2) best, excellent (usually at the end of comp.).

Derivable forms: cūḍāmaṇiḥ (चूडामणिः).

Cūḍāmaṇi is a Sanskrit compound consisting of the terms cūḍā and maṇi (मणि). See also (synonyms): cūḍāratna.

(Source): DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary
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Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family. Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Relevant definitions

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Śikhāmaṇi (शिखामणि).—a crest-jewel. Derivable forms: śikhāmaṇiḥ (शिखामणिः).Śikhāmaṇi is a Sansk...

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