Atreyi, Ātreyī: 2 definitions


Atreyi means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

Source: Puranic Encyclopedia

1) Ātreyī (आत्रेयी).—Wife of King Ūru. Svāyambhuva Manu got of his wife Śatarūpā two sons, Priyavrata and Uttānapāda. Uttānapāda got a son named Uttama of Suruci and one of name Dhruva of Sunīti. Dhruva got three sons, Śiṣṭi, Bhava and Śambhu. Śiṣṭi got five sons, Ripu Ripuñjaya. Śipra, Vṛkala and Vṛkatejas. Cākṣuṣa was, born to Ripu of his wife Bṛhatī. Manu was born to Cākṣuṣa of his wife Vīraṇī. Ūru was the son of Manu. Ūru got of Ātreyī Aṅga, Sumanas, Svāti, Kratu, Aṅgiras and Gaya. (Chapter 18, Agni Purāṇa).

2) Ātreyī (आत्रेयी).—A river. (Śloka 22, Chapter 9, Sabhā Parva, Mahābhārata).

3) Ātreyī (आत्रेयी).—Anasūyā, wife of Atri is also called Ātreyī.

4) Ātreyī (आत्रेयी).—Daughter of Maharṣi Atri. She was married to Aṅgiras, son of Agni. Aṅgiras always spoke rudely to her and pained at this she once approached her father and told him about this. Her father told her thus: "Your husband is the son of Agni. That is why he appears unbearable to you. Therefore give him a cold bath always and he would gradually become mild." Hearing this the devout Ātreyī transformed herself into a river and started to cool him down by constant showers. This river later on became the famous Paruṣṇī Nadī. (Brahmāṇḍa Purāṇa).

Purana book cover
context information

The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Languages of India and abroad

Sanskrit-English dictionary

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Ātreyī (आत्रेयी):—[from ātreya > ātra] f. a female descendant of Atri, [Pāṇini 2-4, 65]

2) [v.s. ...] (with śākhā) the Śākhā of the Ātreyas

3) [v.s. ...] a woman who has bathed after her courses, [Śatapatha-brāhmaṇa i; Manu-smṛti xi, 87; Yājñavalkya iii, 251]

4) [v.s. ...] Name of a river in the north of Bengal (otherwise called Tistā), [Mahābhārata ii, 374]

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family. Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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