Andhakavenhu Putta, Andhakavenhu Dasa Putta, Andhakavenhu-puttā, Andhakavenhu-dāsa-puttā: 1 definition

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Andhakavenhu Putta means something in Buddhism, Pali. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Buddhism

Theravada (major branch of Buddhism)

[«previous next»] — Andhakavenhu Putta in Theravada glossary
Source: Pali Kanon: Pali Proper Names

Ten brothers, sons of Devagabbha and Upasagara.

As it had been foretold at Devagabbhas birth that one of her sons would destroy the lineage of Kamsa, each time a son was born to her, fearing lest he be put to death, she sent him secretly to her serving woman, Nandagopa; the latter had married Andhakavenhu and, by good fortune, daughters were born to her at the same time as sons to Devagabbha; these daughters she sent to Devagabbha in exchange for the latters sons.

The ten sons were named Vasudeva, Baladeva, Candadeva, Suriyadeva, Aggideva, Varunadeva, Ajjuna, Pajjuna, Ghatapandita and Ankura. Cowell sees in this story the kernel of a nature myth (Jataka, trans. iv. 51 n. ); cf. with this the Krsna legend in the Harivamsa; see also Wilsons Visnu Purana (Halls Ed.), v. 147f.; and the article on Krsna in Hopkins Epic Mythology, pp.214f.

They had also a sister, Anjanadevi. When they grew up they became highway robbers, seizing even a present sent to their uncle, King Kamsa. Thus they became notorious as the Andakavenhudasaputta. The king, having learnt of their true descent, devised various plans for their destruction. Two famous wrestlers, Canura and Mutthika, were engaged to have a public wrestling match with them. The brothers accepted the challenge and looted several shops for clothes, perfumes, etc., to be used for the occasion. Baladeva killed both the wrestlers. In his death throes Mutthika uttered a prayer to be born as a Yakkha; his wish was fulfilled and he was born as such in the Kalamattiya forest. When the kings men attempted to seize the brothers, Vasudeva threw a wheel which cut off the heads of both the king and his brother the viceroy, Upakamsa.

The populace, terrified, begged the brothers to be their guardians. Thereupon they assumed the sovereignty of Asitanjana. From there they set out to conquer the whole of Jambudipa, starting with Ayojjha (whose king, Kalasena, they took prisoner) and Dvaravati, which they captured with the help of Kanhadipayana.

They made Dvaravati their capital and divided their kingdom into ten shares, forgetting their sister, Anjanadevi. When they discovered their mistake, Ankura gave her his share and took to trade. Ankuras later history is found in PvA.111ff. See Ankura.

In course of time the brothers had many sons and daughters, the average human age at that time being 20,000 years. Later their sons annoyed the sage Kanhadipayana by dressing up a lad as a woman and asking him what child she would bring forth. A knot of acacia wood, he answered, with which will be destroyed the line of Vasudeva.

They laughed at the sage and kicked him. On the seventh day the lad voided from his belly a knot of acacia wood which they burnt, casting the ashes into the river. From those ashes, which stuck near the citygate,

context information

Theravāda is a major branch of Buddhism having the the Pali canon (tipitaka) as their canonical literature, which includes the vinaya-pitaka (monastic rules), the sutta-pitaka (Buddhist sermons) and the abhidhamma-pitaka (philosophy and psychology).

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