Agga; 2 Definition(s)


Agga means something in Buddhism, Pali. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

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Pali-English dictionary

agga : (adj.) the highest; the top-most. (m.), the end; the top. || añña (adj.) other; another; else. aññā (f.) perfect knowledge; arahantship.

Source: BuddhaSasana: Concise Pali-English Dictionary

1) Agga, 2 (nt.) (only —°) (a contracted form of agāra) a (small) house, housing, accomodation; shelter, hut; hall. dān° a house of donation, i. e. a public or private house where alms are given J.III, 470; IV, 379, 403; VI, 487; PvA.121; Miln.2. salāk° a hut where food is distributed to the bhikkhus by tickets, a food office J.I, 123, VvA.75. (Page 4)

2) Agga, 1 (adj. n.) (Vedic agra; cp. Av. agrō first; Lith. agrs early) 1. (adj; ) (a.) of time: the first, foremost Dpvs.IV, 13 (saṅgahaṃ first collection). See cpds. — (b.) of space: the highest, topmost, J.I, 52 (°sākhā). — (c.) of quality: illustricus, excellent, the best, highest, chief Vin.IV, 232 (agga-m-agga) most excellent, D.II, 4: S.I, 29 (a. sattassa Sambuddha); A.II, 17 = Pv IV.347 (lokassa Buddho aggo (A: aggaṃ) pavuccati); It.88, 89; Sn.875 (suddhi); PvA.5. Often combd. with seṭṭha (best), e. g. D.II, 15; S.III, 83, 264. — 2. (nt.) top, point. (a.) lit.: the top or tip (nearly always —°); as ār° point of an awl Sn.625, 631; Dh.401; kus° tip of a blade of grass Dh.70; Sdhp.349; tiṇ° id PvA.241; dum° top of a tree J.II, 155; dhaj° of a banner S.I, 219; pabbat° of a mountain Sdhp.352; sākh° of a branch PvA.157; etc. — (b.) fig. the best part, the ideal, excellence, prominence, first place, often to be trsl. as adj. the highest, best of all etc. S.II, 29 (aggena aggassa patti hoti: only the best attain to the highest); Mhvs 7, 26. Usually as —°; e. g. dum° the best of trees, an excellent tree Vv 3541 (cp. VvA.161); dhan° plenty D.III, 164; madhur° S.I, 41, 161, 237; bhav° the best existence S.III, 83; rūp° extraordinary beauty J.I, 291; lābh° highest gain J.III, 127; sambodhi-y-agga highest wisdom Sn.693 (= sabbaññuta-ñāṇan SnA 489; the best part or quality of anything, in enumn of the five “excellencies” of first-fruits (panca aggāni, after which the N. Pañcaggadāyaka), viz. khettaggan rās° koṭṭh° kumbhi° bhojan° SnA 270. sukh° perfect bliss Sdhp.243. Thus freq. in phrase aggaṃ akkhāyati to deserve or receive the highest praise, to be the most excellent D.I, 124; S.III, 156, 264; A.II, 17 (Tathāgato); It.87 (id.); Nd2 517 D (appamādo); Miln.183. — 3. Cases as adv.: aggena (Instr.) in the beginning, beginning from, from (as prep.), by (id.) Vin.II, 167. (aggena gaṇhāti to take from, to subtract, to find the difference; Kern Toev. s. v. unnecessarily changes aggena into agghena), 257 (yadaggena at the moment when or from, foll. by tad eva “then”; cp. agge), 294 (bhikkh° from alms); Vbh.423 (vass° by the number of years). aggato (Abl.) in the beginning Sn.217 (+ majjhato, sesato). aggato kata taken by its worth, valued, esteemed Th.2, 386, 394. agge (loc) 1. at the top A.II, 201 (opp. mūle at the root); J.IV, 156 (id.); Sn.233 (phusit° with flowers at the top: supupphitaggasākhā KhA 192); J.II, 153 (ukkh°); III, 126 (kūp°). — 2 (as prep.) from. After, since, usually in phrases yad° (foll. by tad°) from what time, since what date D.I, 152; II, 206; & ajja-t-agge from this day, after today D.I, 85; M.I, 528; A.V, 300; Sn.p. 25 (cp. BSk. adyāgrena Av. Ś II.13); at the end: bhattagge after a meal Vin.II, 212.

—aṅgulī the main finger, i. e. index finger J.VI, 404. —āsana main seat DA.I, 267. —upaṭṭhāka chief personal attendant D.II, 6. —kārikā first taste, sample Vin.III, 80. —kulika of an esteemed clan Pv III, 55 (= seṭṭh° PvA.199). —ñña recognized as primitive primeval, D.III, 225 (porāṇa +), A.II, 27 sq.; IV, 246, Kvu 341. —danta one who is most excellently self-restrained (of the Buddha) Th.I, 354. —dāna a splendid gift Vin.III, 39. —dvāra main door J.I, 114. —nakha tip of the nail Vin.IV, 221. —nagara the first or most splendid of cities Vin.I, 229. —nikkhitta highly praised or famed Miln.343. —nikkhittaka an original depository of the Faith Dpvs.IV, 5. —pakatimant of the highest character J.V, 351 (= aggasabhāva). —patta having attained perfection D.III, 48 sq. —pasāda the highest grace A.II, 34; It.87. —piṇḍa the best oblation or alms.I, 141; M.I, 28; II, 204. —piṇḍika receiving the best oblations J.VI, 140. —puggala the best of men (of the Buddha) Sn.684; DhA.II, 39; Sdhp. 92, 558. —purohita chief or prime minister J.VI, 391. —phala the highest or supreme fruit (i. e. Arahantship) J.I, 148; Pv.IV, 188; PvA.230. —bīja having eggs from above (opp. mūla°), i. e. propagated by slips or cuttings D.I, 5; DA.I, 81. —magga (adj.) having reached the top of the path, i. e. Arahantship ThA.20. —mahesi the king’s chief wife, queen-consort J.I, 262; III, 187, 393; V, 88; DhA.I, 199; PvA.76. —rājā the chief king J.VI, 391; Miln.27. —vara most meritorious, best Dpvs VI, 68. —vāda the original doctrine (= theravāda) Dpvs.IV, 13. —vādin one who proclaims the highest good (of the Buddha) Th.1, 1142. (Page 4)

Source: Sutta: The Pali Text Society's Pali-English Dictionary
Pali book cover
context information

Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.

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