Abhojana: 9 definitions

Introduction:

Abhojana means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Ayurveda (science of life)

Source: gurumukhi.ru: Ayurveda glossary of terms

Abhojana (अभोजन):—Loss of appetite

Ayurveda book cover
context information

Āyurveda (आयुर्वेद, ayurveda) is a branch of Indian science dealing with medicine, herbalism, taxology, anatomy, surgery, alchemy and related topics. Traditional practice of Āyurveda in ancient India dates back to at least the first millenium BC. Literature is commonly written in Sanskrit using various poetic metres.

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Languages of India and abroad

Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Abhojana (अभोजन).—Not eating, fasting, abstinence; त्रिरात्रं स्यादभोजनम् (trirātraṃ syādabhojanam) Ms.11.166.23.215.

Derivable forms: abhojanam (अभोजनम्).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Abhojana (अभोजन).—n.

(-naṃ) Abstinence, fasting. E. a neg. bhojana food.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Abhojana (अभोजन).—n. abstaining from food, [Mānavadharmaśāstra] 11, 166.

Abhojana is a Sanskrit compound consisting of the terms a and bhojana (भोजन).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Abhojana (अभोजन).—[adjective] not eating, fasting.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Abhojana (अभोजन):—[=a-bhojana] [from a-bhoktṛ] n. not eating, fasting, [Kātyāyana-śrauta-sūtra; Manu-smṛti] etc.

2) [v.s. ...] n. [plural] idem, [Kathāsaritsāgara]

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Goldstücker Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Abhojana (अभोजन):—[tatpurusha compound] n.

(-nam) 1) Not eating, as a symptom of disease, caused by want of appetite &c.); e. g. Shādviṃśabr.: atha yadāsya prajayā paśuṣu śarīre vāriṣṭāni prādurbhavanti vyādhayo vā anekavidhā atisvapnamasvapnamatibhojanamabhojanamālasyaṃ vraṇamajīrṇanidrāṇyevamādīni tānyetāni sarvāṇi yamadevatyānyadbhutāni prāyaścittāni bhavanti . (Sāyaṇa: abhījanamarucyādinā).

2) Abstinence, fasting, as a religious act; e. g. Kātyāy. Śrautas.: abhojanaṃ tasyocchvāsāt; or as a penance (see prāyaścitta) for the expiation of sin; e. g. Manu: vedoditānāṃ nityānāṃ karmaṇāṃ samatikrame . snātakavratalope ca prāyaścittamabhojanam; or Bharadvāja: nirācārasya viprasya niṣiddhācaraṇasya ca . annaṃ bhuktvā dvijaḥ kuryāddinamekamabhojanam; (for the various modes of fasting, as practised in undergoing the penances prājāpatya, sāntapana, mahāsāntapana, atisāntapana, kṛcchraṃ, atikṛcchra, taptakṛcchra, pādakṛcchra, parāka, cāndrāyaṇa &c. see s. vv. and s. v. prāyaścitta). In the verse of Manu 8. 49. which describes the five different means by which a creditor may obtain payment of a debt (dharmeṇa vyavahāreṇa cchalenācaritena ca . prayuktaṃ sādhayedarthaṃ pañcamena balena ca) Kullūka interprets the term ācarita (Sir W. Jones and and Colebr. Dig. I. 339. ‘distress’) according to Vrihaspati: dāraputrapaśūṃhṛtvā kṛtvā dvāropaveśanam . yatrārthī dāpyaterthaṃ svaṃ tadācaritamucyate; Medhātithi however qualifies the ‘sitting at the debtor’s door’ by adding abhojana (viz. abhojanagṛhītadvāropaveśanam) and Vijnāneśvara when quoting this verse of Manu in the Mit. on Yājnav. (2. 40.) renders ācaritena (misprinted in the 4[to]) ed. acaritena) simply with abhojanena. (For this practice of fasting at the door of debtors which is familiar under the name of ‘sitting in Dherna’; comp. As. Res. Iv. p. 332.) E. a neg. and bhojana.

[Sanskrit to German]

Abhojana in German

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Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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