Vinaya Pitaka (4): Parivara

by I. B. Horner | 2014 | 150,781 words | ISBN-13: 9781921842160

The English translation of the Khandhaka: the second book of the Pali Vinaya Pitaka, one of the three major ‘baskets’ of Therevada canonical literature. It analyses the rules from various points of view. The English translation of the Vinaya-pitaka (fourth part, parivara) contains many Pali original words, but transliterated using a system similar...

Nuns’ Analysis: on Laying-down-Where (Pārājika)

Nuns’ Pārājika 5

Prv.2.1:Bi-Pj.5 Vin.5.54 BD.6.80 Where was that which is the fifth offence involving Defeat for nuns laid down by that Lord who knows, who sees perfected one, fully Self-Awakened One? … see Prv.1.1:Bu-Pj.1. Instead of of the five recitations of the Pātimokkha read of the four recitations of the Pātimokkha … Because of how many reasons was the fifth offence involving Defeat for nuns laid down by the Lord? Who train themselves? Who have trained themselves in the training? In what state? Who know by heart? Whose is the Utterance? By whom has it been conveyed

“Where was that which is the fifth offence involving Defeat for nuns laid down by that Lord … ?” It was laid down in Sāvatthī.[1]

“Concerning whom?” Concerning the nun Sundarīnandā.

“On what subject?” On the subject of the consenting by the nun Sundarīnandā who was filled with desire to physical contact with a man who was filled with desire.

“Is there there a laying down, a supplementary laying down, a laying down that has not (yet) occurred?” There is one laying down,[2] for it there is no supplementary laying down nor a laying down that has not (yet) occurred.

“A laying down (that holds good) everywhere, a laying down (that holds good only) for certain districts?” A laying down (that holds good) everywhere.

“A laying down that is shared, a laying down that is not shared?” A laying down that is not shared.

“A laying down for one (Order), a laying down for both (Orders)?” A laying down for one (Order).

“Plunged into which, included in which of the four recitations of the Pātimokkha … ” see Prv.1.1:Bu-Pj.1

“Because of how many reasons was the fifth offence involving Defeat for nuns laid down by the Lord?” Because of ten reasons was the fifth offence involving Defeat for nuns laid BD.6.81 down by the Lord: for the excellence of the Order … see Prv.1.1:Bu-Pj.1. Instead of of men and of monks read of nuns … for help with Discipline.

“Who train themselves?” Learners and ordinary women who are morally good.

“Who have trained themselves in the training?” Arahants have trained themselves in the training.

“In what state?” The state of desiring the training.

“Who know by heart?” Those who know by heart the procedure of these.

“Whose is the Utterance?” It is the Utterance of the Lord, perfected one, fully Self-Awakened One.

“By whom has it been conveyed?” It has been conveyed by a succession (of teachers):

Upāli, Dāsaka, as well as Soṇaka …

Vin.5.55 Proclaimed the Vinaya-piṭaka in the Island of Tambapaṇṇi.

Nuns’ Pārājika 6

Prv.2.1:Bi-Pj.6 “Where was that which is the sixth offence involving Defeat for nuns laid down by that Lord … ?” It was laid down in Sāvatthī.[3]

“Concerning whom?” Concerning the nun Thullanandā.

“On what subject?” On the subject of the nun Thullanandā who, knowing that a nun had fallen into an offence involving Defeat, neither herself reproved her nor spoke to a group.

One laying down.

Of the six origins of offences she originates it by one origin: she originates it by body and by speech and by mind.

Nuns’ Pārājika 7

Prv.2.1:Bi-Pj.7 “Where was that which is the seventh offence involving Defeat for nuns laid down … ?” It was laid down in Sāvatthī.[4] … Concerning the nun Thullanandā … The nun Thullanandā imitated the monk Ariṭṭha who formerly had been a vulture-trainer and had been suspended by a complete Order … One laying down … She originates it by one origin in throwing off responsibility.

Nuns’ Pārājika 8

Prv.2.1:Bi-Pj.8 “Where was that which is the eighth offence involving Defeat for nuns laid down … ?” It was laid down in Sāvatthī[5] … Concerning the group of six nuns … The group BD.6.82 of six nuns carried out the eighth action[6] … One laying down … She originates it by one origin in throwing off responsibility.

Concluded are the eight Offences involving Defeat

Its Summary

Unchastity, taking what is not given,
and the form of men those who are further,
Physical contact, she conceals,[7] suspended (monks), a doer of eight things—
The Great Hero laid down (these for nuns who) without doubt must be destroyed.[8]

Footnotes and references:

1.

Vin.4.211. This is Nuns’ Bi-Pj.5.

6.

aṭṭhamaṃ vatthuṃ, where Vin.4.221 reads aṭṭhavatthukā. Kaṅkhāvitaraṇī 160 explains, however, how it is that there is Defeat only in the eighth action, other seven being grave offences or those of wrong-doing.

7.

This refers to the last word in the sikkhāpada of Bi-Pj.5, vajjapaṭicchādikā, one who conceals a fault (in someone else).

8.

Cf. Vin.5.4.

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