Maha Prajnaparamita Sastra

by Gelongma Karma Migme Chödrön | 2001 | 940,961 words

This page describes “eleven knowledges (jnana, nana)” as written by Nagarjuna in his Maha-prajnaparamita-sastra (lit. “the treatise on the great virtue of wisdom”) in the 2nd century. This book, written in five volumes, represents an encyclopedia on Buddhism as well as a commentary on the Pancavimsatisahasrika Prajnaparamita.

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[k. 23, p. 232c]

Sūtra (cf. Śatasāhasrikā, p. 61, l. 6–62, l. 16). – [The bodhisattva-mahāsattva must fulfill completely] the eleven knowledges (ekādaśa jñānāni):

  1. the knowledge of things (dharmajñāna),
  2. subsequent knowledge (anvayajñāna),
  3. the knowledge of another’s mind (paracittajñāna),
  4. conventional knowledge (saṃvṛtijñāna),
  5. the knowledge of suffering (duḥkhajñāna),
  6. the knowledge of the origin of suffering (samudayajñāna),
  7. the knowledge of the cessation of suffering (nirodhajñāna),
  8. the knowledge of the path of the cessation of suffering (mārgajñāna),
  9. the knowledge of the cessation of the impurities (kṣayajñāna),
  10. the knowledge of the non-rearising of the impurities (anutpādajñāna),
  11. the knowledge conforming to reality (yathabhūtajñāna).

Śāstra. –