Early Chola Temples

by S. R. Balasubrahmanyam | 1960 | 105,501 words

This volume of Chola Temples covers Parantaka I to Rajaraja I in the timeframe A.D. 907-985. The Cholas of Southern India left a remarkable stamp in the history of Indian architecture and sculpture. Besides that, the Chola dynasty was a successful ruling dynasty even conquering overseas regions....

Temples in Tiruchchengodu

Ardhanarisvara temple

Tiruchchengodu is in the modern Salem district of Tamilnadu. Formerly it formed part of the Kongu country whose conquest by the early Cholas began in the period of Aditya I and was completed during the rule of his son and successor Parantaka I. We have described, in the section on the temples of Parantaka I’s time, the temple of Somesvara at Somur. That Tiruchchengodu also of the former Kongu mandalam formed part of the Chola empire under Parantaka I is proved by the presence of three inscriptions of this king, on the rock close to the steps of this temple of Ardhanarisvara (20th year, A.R. no. 633 of 1905; 27th year, A.R. no. 640 of 1905; 37th year, A.R. no. 632 of 1905). They relate to gifts for lamps. The inscription of his 27th year states that the gift of gold was entrusted to the assembly of Tiruchchengodu, and placed under the protection of the people of the eighteen districts.

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