Urdhvapatana, aka: Urdhva-patana, Ūrdhvapātana; 2 Definition(s)


Urdhvapatana means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Rasashastra (chemistry and alchemy)

[Urdhvapatana in Rasashastra glossaries]

Ūrdhvapātana (ऊर्ध्वपातन) is the first sub-step of Pātana, which is the fifth of the eight purification steps of Pārada (mercury), also known as the Aṣṭasaṃskāra.—Take Pārada and Tāmra in the specified ratio and levigate with Jambīra-svarasa to prepare thick paste. Apply the paste over the lower pot of Ḍamarū-yantra and apply heat for 12 hours. Collect the Pārada settled at the upper pot gently. (see the Āyurvedaprakāśa 1.68-71: a Sanskrit work on Rasaśāstra written in the 16th-century by Mādhava).


  1. Pārada [Mercury] (3 parts),
  2. Ravi [Tāmra] (1 part),
  3. Jambīra [Nimbu] rasa (Quantum satis).
(Source): CCRAS: Ayurvedic pharmacopoeia of India, Appendix I
Rasashastra book cover
context information

Rasashastra (रसशास्त्र, rasaśāstra) is an important branch of Ayurveda, specialising in chemical interactions with herbs, metals and minerals. Some texts combine yogic and tantric practices with various alchemical operations. The ultimate goal of Rasashastra is not only to preserve and prolong life, but also to bestow wealth upon humankind.

Discover the meaning of urdhvapatana in the context of Rasashastra from relevant books on Exotic India

General definition (in Hinduism)

[Urdhvapatana in Hinduism glossaries]

Ūrdhvapātana (upward distillation) is the fourth step (saṃskāra) of process of purification of mercury, according to the Bhāvaprakāśa. Pulverised mercury is mixed with blue vitriol and iron pyrites and prepared in a Vidhyādharayantra.

(Source): Academia.edu: Perfect medicine: Mercury in Sanskrit Medical Literature

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