Uparishta, Upariṣṭa: 3 definitions


Uparishta means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

The Sanskrit term Upariṣṭa can be transliterated into English as Uparista or Uparishta, using the IAST transliteration scheme (?).

In Hinduism

Sports, Arts and Entertainment (wordly enjoyments)

[«previous next»] — Uparishta in Arts glossary
Source: archive.org: Syainika Sastra of Rudradeva with English Translation (art)

Upariṣṭa (उपरिष्ट) refers to “(attacking) from above”, according to the Śyainika-śāstra: a Sanskrit treatise dealing with the divisions and benefits of Hunting and Hawking, written by Rājā Rudradeva (or Candradeva) in possibly the 13th century.—Accordingly, [while discussing the outlines of hawking]: “[...] Attacks are of three kinds, upwards, horizontal and downwards. All three attacks are very enjoyable when the Vājas attack the Varajas. [...] When, through fear, the quarry is flying below, falling down upon it like the thunderbolt, suddenly from above (upariṣṭa), is called the downward attack. It is a hard feat”.

Arts book cover
context information

This section covers the skills and profiencies of the Kalas (“performing arts”) and Shastras (“sciences”) involving ancient Indian traditions of sports, games, arts, entertainment, love-making and other means of wordly enjoyments. Traditionally these topics were dealt with in Sanskrit treatises explaing the philosophy and the justification of enjoying the pleasures of the senses.

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In Buddhism

Tibetan Buddhism (Vajrayana or tantric Buddhism)

Source: Wisdom Library: Tibetan Buddhism

1) Upariṣṭa (उपरिष्ट) is the name of a Pratyekabuddha mentioned as attending the teachings in the 6th century Mañjuśrīmūlakalpa: one of the largest Kriyā Tantras devoted to Mañjuśrī (the Bodhisattva of wisdom) representing an encyclopedia of knowledge primarily concerned with ritualistic elements in Buddhism. The teachings in this text originate from Mañjuśrī and were taught to and by Buddha Śākyamuni in the presence of a large audience (including Upariṣṭa).

2) Upāriṣṭa (उपारिष्ट) is the name of a Pratyekabuddha mentioned as attending the teachings in the 6th century Mañjuśrīmūlakalpa.

Tibetan Buddhism book cover
context information

Tibetan Buddhism includes schools such as Nyingma, Kadampa, Kagyu and Gelug. Their primary canon of literature is divided in two broad categories: The Kangyur, which consists of Buddha’s words, and the Tengyur, which includes commentaries from various sources. Esotericism and tantra techniques (vajrayāna) are collected indepently.

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Languages of India and abroad

Sanskrit dictionary

[«previous next»] — Uparishta in Sanskrit glossary
Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Edgerton Buddhist Hybrid Sanskrit Dictionary

Upariṣṭa (उपरिष्ट).—once recorded for Upāriṣṭa, q.v.

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Upariṣṭā (उपरिष्टा).—semi-MIndic for Sanskrit °ṭāt, postp., above, with gen.: (Ārya-)Mañjuśrīmūlakalpa 41.7 teṣām apy upariṣṭā aṣṭau uṣṇīṣarā- jānaḥ (in 41.5 note teṣām upariṣṭāt); 63.9 teṣāṃ copari- ṣṭā…; 63.14 āryamañjuśriyasyopariṣṭāḥ (read °ṭā) anekaratnoparacitaṃ…vimānamaṇḍalaṃ…abhilikhet; 68.23 teṣāṃ copariṣṭā…; 132.5 (verse) parvatasyopariṣṭā [Page140-a+ 71] vai kuryād ratnamālakām. (Impossible to construe the form as n. pl. of adj. upariṣṭa = Pali upariṭṭha, n. pr. (proper name), see prec.)

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Upāriṣṭa (उपारिष्ट).—(once printed Upa°, probably by error, despite the Pali equivalent Upariṭṭha; Chin. on Karmavibhaṅga (and Karmavibhaṅgopadeśa) sans mal, see Lévi's note), name of a pratyekabuddha: (Ārya-)Mañjuśrīmūlakalpa 40.23 (prose; dvau pratyekabuddhau gandhamādanaḥ) upāriṣṭaś ceti; 64.12 (prose)…upariṣṭa…(so printed here, in a list of pr. b.); 111.10 (prose, in list of 8 pr. b.) candanaḥ gandhamādanaḥ ketuḥ suketu sitaketu ṛṣṭa upāriṣṭa nemiś ceti; Karmavibhaṅga (and Karmavibhaṅgopadeśa) 67.1, where Lévi prints Upariṣṭha in text, but apparently without ms. authority; in his note he says, read Upāriṣṭa with one ms. (the other is corrupt but begins apā-, indicating ā in second syllable).

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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