Uddiya, Uḍḍīya: 6 definitions

Introduction:

Uddiya means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Buddhism, Pali, Jainism, Prakrit. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Shaktism (Shakta philosophy)

Source: Google Books: Manthanabhairavatantram

Uḍḍīya (उड्डीय) (=Oḍḍīya) means having “flown up”, according to the Ambāmatasaṃhitā.—Accordingly, “[...] Then, in the terrible Age of Strife she, the three-eyed (goddess) Maṅgalā, descended into the Northern Cave (uttaragahvara) in the district (viṣaya) of Odyāna. Siddhanātha also (descended) there into (his spiritual) lineage (santati). Having thus flown up (oḍḍīya) in the body he obtained lordship and so is famous in all respects by the name of the venerable Oḍīśa. The place there is Oṣadhiprastha and she is praised as the auspicious one of the universe”.

Shaktism book cover
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Shakta (शाक्त, śākta) or Shaktism (śāktism) represents a tradition of Hinduism where the Goddess (Devi) is revered and worshipped. Shakta literature includes a range of scriptures, including various Agamas and Tantras, although its roots may be traced back to the Vedas.

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Vaishnavism (Vaishava dharma)

Source: Prabhupada Books: Sri Caitanya Caritamrta

Uḍḍīya (उड्डीय) means “flying high (in various directions)”, as mentioned in the Śrī Caitanya Caritāmṛta 2.6.76ff.—Accordingly:—“[...] Then He [i.e., Kṛṣṇa] greeted all the people of Vraja and entered the best of cowherd villages with the gait of an elephant. The forest animals were miserable because now they had to part from Him. [...] The birds flew here and there [i.e., uḍḍīyoḍḍīyauḍḍīya-uḍḍīya] high over the village to watch Him, but when night came and they could no longer see Him they cried out as if weeping and flew away. [...]”.

Vaishnavism book cover
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Vaishnava (वैष्णव, vaiṣṇava) or vaishnavism (vaiṣṇavism) represents a tradition of Hinduism worshipping Vishnu as the supreme Lord. Similar to the Shaktism and Shaivism traditions, Vaishnavism also developed as an individual movement, famous for its exposition of the dashavatara (‘ten avatars of Vishnu’).

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Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

Source: archive.org: Shiva Purana - English Translation

1) Uḍḍīya (उड्डीय) refers to “flying up”, according to the Śivapurāṇa 2.3.25 (“The seven celestial sages test Pārvatī”).—Accordingly, as Pārvatī said to the seven Sages: “[...] This mind of mine is resolute helplessly attempting at a great task. Verily it is trying to erect a high wall on the surface of water. At the bidding of the celestial sage I am performing this steady penance with the desire that Rudra be my husband. The unfledged birdling of my mind flies up [i.e., uḍḍīya] tenaciously. May lord Śiva, the storehouse of mercy fulfil its desire”.

2) Uḍḍīya (उड्डीय) refers to “having driven away (the swan)”, according to the Śivapurāṇa 2.3.44 (“Menā regains consciousness”).—Accordingly, as Menā said to Nārada: “O wretched daughter, what is it that you have done? This is extremely painful to me. You have given gold and brought a glass piece, O wicked girl. You have cast away sandal paste and smeared yourself with mud. You have driven away the swan (uḍḍīya) and have held a crow in your hands. Setting aside the sacred river water you have drunk the well-water. Losing the sun you have clung to the glowworm in all earnestness. [...]”.

Purana book cover
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The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Sports, Arts and Entertainment (wordly enjoyments)

Source: archive.org: Syainika Sastra of Rudradeva with English Translation (art)

Uḍḍīya (उड्डीय) refers to the “flight” (of birds), according to the Śyainika-śāstra: a Sanskrit treatise dealing with the divisions and benefits of Hunting and Hawking, written by Rājā Rudradeva (or Candradeva) in possibly the 13th century.—Accordingly, [while discussing the outlines of hawking]: “[...] If the sport is held in a valley, then foot soldiers are to be placed on all sides to guard the caves and passes. Remaining concealed in the immediate neighbourhood, they should see where the birds settle after their flight (uḍḍīya). [...]”.

Arts book cover
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This section covers the skills and profiencies of the Kalas (“performing arts”) and Shastras (“sciences”) involving ancient Indian traditions of sports, games, arts, entertainment, love-making and other means of wordly enjoyments. Traditionally these topics were dealt with in Sanskrit treatises explaing the philosophy and the justification of enjoying the pleasures of the senses.

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Languages of India and abroad

Pali-English dictionary

Source: Sutta: The Pali Text Society's Pali-English Dictionary

Uddiya, (adj.) (Sk. udīcya?) northern, northwestern (i.e. Nepalese) J. IV, 352 (°kambala) in expln. of uddiyāna (Sk. udīcīna?). See udicca & cp. Morris in J. P. T. S. 1889, 202, and last not least Lüders in K. Z. 1920 (vol. 49), 233 sq. The word is not sufficiently cleared up yet. (Page 135)

Pali book cover
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Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.

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Prakrit-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary

Uḍḍiya (उड्डिय) in the Prakrit language is related to the Sanskrit word: Uḍḍīta.

context information

Prakrit is an ancient language closely associated with both Pali and Sanskrit. Jain literature is often composed in this language or sub-dialects, such as the Agamas and their commentaries which are written in Ardhamagadhi and Maharashtri Prakrit. The earliest extant texts can be dated to as early as the 4th century BCE although core portions might be older.

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