Sprishta, Spṛṣṭa: 11 definitions

Introduction:

Sprishta means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Marathi, Hindi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

The Sanskrit term Spṛṣṭa can be transliterated into English as Sprsta or Sprishta, using the IAST transliteration scheme (?).

In Hinduism

Vyakarana (Sanskrit grammar)

Source: Wikisource: A dictionary of Sanskrit grammar

Spṛṣṭa (स्पृष्ट).—Name of one of the four internal efforts when the instrument (करण (karaṇa)) of articulation fully touches the sthana or the place of the production of sound in the mouth. See the word स्पर्श (sparśa) above; तत्र स्पृष्टं (tatra spṛṣṭaṃ)| प्रयतनं स्पर्शानाम् (prayatanaṃ sparśānām) S.K. on P. VIII.2.1 ; cf. also M.Bh. on P.I.1.9.

context information

Vyakarana (व्याकरण, vyākaraṇa) refers to Sanskrit grammar and represents one of the six additional sciences (vedanga) to be studied along with the Vedas. Vyakarana concerns itself with the rules of Sanskrit grammar and linguistic analysis in order to establish the correct context of words and sentences.

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Shiksha (linguistics: phonetics, phonology etc.)

Source: Knowledge Traditions & Practices of India: Language and Grammar (shiksha)

Spṛṣṭa (स्पृष्ट, “plosive”) refers to a type of bāhyaprayatna (“external effort”) of articulation (uccāraṇa) according to Indian linguistic tradition (viz., śikṣā, ‘phonetics’, vyakaraṇa, ‘grammar’, nirukta, etymology’ and chandas, ‘prosody’.). Spṛṣṭa (plosive) refers to a sound produced by the sudden release or air after a complete block (for instance, pa, ka).

context information

Shiksha (शिक्षा, śikṣā) deals with Sanskrit linguistics and represents a branch of vedanga (vedic ancillary science). Shiksha deals with subjects such as phonetics, phonology, study of sound, letters of the Sanskrit alphabet and related topics. Much attention is also given to the study of recitation (patha) of Vedic verses.

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Languages of India and abroad

Marathi-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

spṛṣṭa (स्पृष्ट).—p S Touched, felt.

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Spṛṣṭa (स्पृष्ट).—p. p. [spṛś-kta]

1) Touched, felt with the hand.

2) Come in contact with, touching.

3) Reaching, applying or extending to; अस्पृष्टपुरुषान्तरम् (aspṛṣṭapuruṣāntaram) Kumārasambhava 6.75.

4) Affected, seized; शङ्कास्पृष्टा (śaṅkāspṛṣṭā) Meghadūta 71; अनघस्पृष्टम् (anaghaspṛṣṭam) R.1.19.

5) Tainted, defiled; न च या स्पृष्टमैथुना (na ca yā spṛṣṭamaithunā) Manusmṛti 8.25.

6) Formed by the complete contact of the organs of speech (the letters of the five classes); अचोऽस्पृष्टा यणस्त्वीषन्नेम- स्पृष्टाः शलः स्मृताः । शेषाः स्पृष्टा हलः प्रोक्ता निबोधानुप्रदानतः (aco'spṛṣṭā yaṇastvīṣannema- spṛṣṭāḥ śalaḥ smṛtāḥ | śeṣāḥ spṛṣṭā halaḥ proktā nibodhānupradānataḥ) Śik. 38.

-ṣṭam Touch.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Spṛṣṭa (स्पृष्ट).—mfn.

(-ṣṭaḥ-ṣṭā-ṣṭaṃ) Touched, felt. f.

(-ṣṭā) Adj. 1. Touched, defiled. 2. Handled. 3. Formed by the contact of the organs of utterance. E. spṛś to touch, aff. kta .

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Spṛṣṭa (स्पृष्ट).—[adjective] touched, felt, visited by or afflicted with ([instrumental] or —°).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Spṛṣṭa (स्पृष्ट):—[from spṛś] mfn. touched, felt with the hand handled, [Atharva-veda] etc. etc.

2) [v.s. ...] affected or afflicted or possessed by ([instrumental case] or [compound]), [Mahābhārata; Kāvya literature] etc.

3) [v.s. ...] defiled (cf. [compound])

4) [v.s. ...] (in gram.) formed by complete contact of the organs of utterance (applied to all consonants except semivowels [called īṣat-spṛṣṭa, ‘formed by slight contact’] and except sibilants and h, which are called ardha-spṛṣṭa, ‘formed by half-contact’), [Prātiśākhya; Śikṣā]

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Spṛṣṭa (स्पृष्ट):—[(ṣṭaḥ-ṣṭā-ṣṭaṃ) a.] Touched, felt.

Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary (S)

Spṛṣṭa (स्पृष्ट) in the Sanskrit language is related to the Prakrit words: Āluṃkhia, Chavia, Chivia, Chihia, Paṭṭha, Pāsiya, Piṭṭha, Puṭṭha, Phāsia, Phunna, Phusia.

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Hindi dictionary

[«previous next»] — Sprishta in Hindi glossary
Source: DDSA: A practical Hindi-English dictionary

Spṛṣṭa (स्पृष्ट):—(a) touched.

context information

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Kannada-English dictionary

Source: Alar: Kannada-English corpus

Spṛṣṭa (ಸ್ಪೃಷ್ಟ):—

1) [adjective] touched with one’s hand.

2) [adjective] that has come into contact.

3) [adjective] effected by another’s personality, charm, etc.; influenced.

4) [adjective] defiled; polluted; made filthy or dirty.

--- OR ---

Spṛṣṭa (ಸ್ಪೃಷ್ಟ):—

1) [noun] that which is decided, determined.

2) [noun] plentifulness; abundance.

3) [noun] a man who is influenced, charmed, attracted by.

4) [noun] (gram.) any of the classified consonants (from [ka] to ಮ).

5) [noun] any consonant pronounced by complete stopping of the outgoing breath as with the lips, tongue or velum; a stop.

context information

Kannada is a Dravidian language (as opposed to the Indo-European language family) mainly spoken in the southwestern region of India.

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