Prapidita, Prapīḍita, Pra-pidita: 3 definitions


Prapidita means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

[«previous next»] — Prapidita in Purana glossary
Source: Shiva Purana - English Translation

Prapīḍita (प्रपीडित) refers to “harassment”, according to the Śivapurāṇa 2.3.13 (“Śiva-Pārvatī dialogue”).—Accordingly, after Śiva permitted Pārvatī to stay by his side: “[...] In the mean time Indra, other gods and the sages eagerly sent Kāma there at the bidding of Brahmā. They had been harassed [i.e., prapīḍita] by the demon Tāraka. the demon of great strength. Hence they wanted to unite Pārvatī and Śiva in love. After reaching there Kāma tried all his tricks but Śiva was not at all agitated. He reduced Kāma to ashes. O sage, Pārvatī too was divested of her ego. At his bidding she performed a penance and obtained Him as her husband. Pārvatī and Śiva were very happy. Engrossed in helping others they carried out the work of the gods”.

Purana book cover
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The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Shaivism (Shaiva philosophy)

[«previous next»] — Prapidita in Shaivism glossary
Source: SOAS University of London: Protective Rites in the Netra Tantra

Prapīḍita (प्रपीडित) refers to “(being) afflicted (by various disease)”, according to the Netratantra of Kṣemarāja: a Śaiva text from the 9th century in which Śiva (Bhairava) teaches Pārvatī topics such as metaphysics, cosmology, and soteriology.—Accordingly, [verse 6.36cd-45, while describing rituals involving the śaśimaṇḍala]—“[...] Then, after [the Mantrin] has honored [Mṛtyujit], with a great and auspicious battle-cry, he anoints [the sick person] on the head, [with a substance from] from a pot with a spout that resembles a white lotus, filled with water that contains jewels, [and includes] all kinds of [medicinal] herbs. [Originally] afflicted by various disease (sarvavyādhi-prapīḍita), he is [now] liberated, there is no doubt”.

Shaivism book cover
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Shaiva (शैव, śaiva) or Shaivism (śaivism) represents a tradition of Hinduism worshiping Shiva as the supreme being. Closely related to Shaktism, Shaiva literature includes a range of scriptures, including Tantras, while the root of this tradition may be traced back to the ancient Vedas.

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Languages of India and abroad

Sanskrit dictionary

[«previous next»] — Prapidita in Sanskrit glossary
Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Prapīḍita (प्रपीडित):—[=pra-pīḍita] [from pra-pīḍ] mfn. pressed, afflicted, tortured, [Mahābhārata; Kāvya literature etc.]

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Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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