Paripanthin: 9 definitions


Paripanthin means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

[«previous next»] — Paripanthin in Purana glossary
Source: Shiva Purana - English Translation

Paripanthin (परिपन्थिन्) refers to “enemies” and is used to describe Brahmā, according to the Śivapurāṇa 2.5.1 (“Description of Tripura—the three cities”).—Accordingly, as the sons of Tāraka-Asura said to Brahmā: “O lord of gods, if you are pleased, if boons are to be given to us, please grant us indestructibility at the hands of everyone, every living being. O lord of the universe, make us steady. Protect us from enemies (paripanthin). Let not old age, sickness and death befall us at any time. [...]”.

Purana book cover
context information

The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Languages of India and abroad

Sanskrit dictionary

[«previous next»] — Paripanthin in Sanskrit glossary
Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Paripanthin (परिपन्थिन्).—a. Standing in the way, obstructing, opposing, hindering (said by Pānini to be admissible only in the Veda, but see the quotations given below); अर्थपरिपन्थी महानरातिः (arthaparipanthī mahānarātiḥ) Mu.5; नाभविष्यमहं तत्र यदि तत्परिपन्थिनी (nābhaviṣyamahaṃ tatra yadi tatparipanthinī) Mālatīmādhava (Bombay) 9.5; so Bv.1.62; Manusmṛti 7.17;1.1. -m.

1) An enemy, antagonist, opponent, a foe.

2) A robber, thief, highwayman; इन्द्रियस्येन्द्रियस्यार्थे रागद्वेषौ व्यवस्थितौ । तयोर्न वशमागच्छेत् तौ ह्यस्य परिपन्थिनौ (indriyasyendriyasyārthe rāgadveṣau vyavasthitau | tayorna vaśamāgacchet tau hyasya paripanthinau) Bhagavadgītā (Bombay) 3.34.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Paripanthin (परिपन्थिन्).—i. e. pari -pathin + in, m. and f. , An opposer, an enemy, [Mānavadharmaśāstra] 7, 107.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Paripanthin (परिपन्थिन्).—[adjective] besetting the path; [masculine] waylayer, opponent, enemy.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Paripanthin (परिपन्थिन्):—[=pari-panthin] [from pari-panthaka] mfn. standing in the way, hindering

2) [v.s. ...] m. = [preceding] [Ṛg-veda] etc. etc. (cf. [Pāṇini 5-2, 89])

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Paripanthin (परिपन्थिन्):—[pari-panthin] (nthī) 5. m. Idem.

Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary (S)

Paripanthin (परिपन्थिन्) in the Sanskrit language is related to the Prakrit word: Parivaṃthi.

[Sanskrit to German]

Paripanthin in German

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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