Pancaratna, Pañcaratna, Pancan-ratna: 6 definitions

Introduction

Introduction:

Pancaratna means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, the history of ancient India, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

Alternative spellings of this word include Pancharatna.

India history and geogprahy

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Indian Epigraphical Glossary

Pañca-ratna.—(EI 19), a group of five stanzas. Note: pañca-ratna is defined in the “Indian epigraphical glossary” as it can be found on ancient inscriptions commonly written in Sanskrit, Prakrit or Dravidian languages.

India history book cover
context information

The history of India traces the identification of countries, villages, towns and other regions of India, as well as royal dynasties, rulers, tribes, local festivities and traditions and regional languages. Ancient India enjoyed religious freedom and encourages the path of Dharma, a concept common to Buddhism, Hinduism, and Jainism.

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Languages of India and abroad

Marathi-English dictionary

[«previous (P) next»] — Pancaratna in Marathi glossary
Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English

pañcaratna (पंचरत्न).—n pl The five precious things,- gold, diamond, amethyst, emerald, pearl.

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit dictionary

[«previous (P) next»] — Pancaratna in Sanskrit glossary
Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Pañcaratna (पञ्चरत्न).—a collection of five gems; (they are variously enumerated: (1) नीलकं वज्रकं चेति पद्मरागश्च मौक्तिकम् । प्रवालं चेति विज्ञेयं पंचरत्नं मनीषिभिः (nīlakaṃ vajrakaṃ ceti padmarāgaśca mauktikam | pravālaṃ ceti vijñeyaṃ paṃcaratnaṃ manīṣibhiḥ) || (2) सुवर्णं रजतं मुक्ता राजावर्तं प्रवालकम् । रत्नपञ्चकमाख्यातम् (suvarṇaṃ rajataṃ muktā rājāvartaṃ pravālakam | ratnapañcakamākhyātam) ... ()|| (3) कनकं हीरकं नीलं पद्मरागश्च मौक्तिकम् । पञ्चरत्नमिदं प्रोक्त- मृषिभिः पूर्वदर्शिभिः (kanakaṃ hīrakaṃ nīlaṃ padmarāgaśca mauktikam | pañcaratnamidaṃ prokta- mṛṣibhiḥ pūrvadarśibhiḥ) ||

2) the five most admired episodes of the Mahābhārata; गीता, विष्णुसहस्रनाम, भीष्मस्तवराज, अनुस्मृति (gītā, viṣṇusahasranāma, bhīṣmastavarāja, anusmṛti) and गजेन्द्रमोक्ष (gajendramokṣa)).

Derivable forms: pañcaratnam (पञ्चरत्नम्).

Pañcaratna is a Sanskrit compound consisting of the terms pañcan and ratna (रत्न).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Pañcaratna (पञ्चरत्न).—n.

(-tnaṃ) A collection of five precious objects; viz:—Gold, a diamond, a pearl, a ruby, an amethyst. E. pañca and ratna a gem. For particulars see Vachaspatya.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Aufrecht Catalogus Catalogorum

1) Pañcaratna (पञ्चरत्न) as mentioned in Aufrecht’s Catalogus Catalogorum:—miscellaneous verses. Cambr. 10. Pañcaratna up to Navaratna. Tu7b. 17. Printed in Ha7berlin p. 1-7.

2) Pañcaratna (पञ्चरत्न):—stotra. Taylor. 1, 275. Oppert. 76. 4592. Ii, 3455. 9726.
—by Śaṅkarācārya. B. 4, 64. Lahore. 1882, 7. Rice. 152. Compare Anubhavapañcaratna. See Pañcaratnamālikā.
—[commentary] Prabhā by Kiśoradāsa. Lahore. 1882, 7.
—[commentary] by Nārāyaṇendrasvāmin. Rice. 152.

3) Pañcaratna (पञ्चरत्न):—miscellaneous verses. Stein 70.

4) Pañcaratna (पञ्चरत्न):—stotra. Gov. Or. Libr. Madras 46. Peters. 4, 22 (?).

5) Pañcaratna (पञ्चरत्न):—of the Mahābhārata, viz. Bhagavadgīta, Viṣṇusahasranāman, Bhīṣmastavarāja, Anusmṛti and Gajendramokṣaṇa. These are given separately. Ashburner 12.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Pañcaratna (पञ्चरत्न):—[=pañca-ratna] [from pañca] n. a collection of 5 jewels or precious things (viz. gold, diamond, sapphire, ruby, and pearl, [Hemādri’s Caturvarga-cintāmaṇi]; or gold, silver, coral, pearl, and Rāga-paṭṭa, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.])

2) [v.s. ...] Name of sub voce works.

3) [v.s. ...] [plural] the 5 gems or most admired episodes of the [Mahābhārata; Monier-Williams’ Sanskrit-English Dictionary]

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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