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Neranjara, aka: Nerañjarā; 2 Definition(s)


Neranjara means something in Buddhism, Pali. Check out some of the following descriptions and leave a comment if you want to add your own contribution to this article.

In Buddhism


nerañjarā : (f.) name of a river.

Source: BuddhaSasana: Concise Pali-English Dictionary

about this context:

Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.

General definition (in Buddhism)

1. Neranjara

A river. After the Enlightenment, the Buddha lived under the Ajapala Nigrodha (q.v.) at Uruvela, on the banks of this river. There Mara tempted him, and, later, Brahma persuaded him to preach the Dhamma.

Vin.i.1ff.; SN.vs.425ff.; cp. Mtu.ii.238; Lal.327 (261); S.i.103f; 122, 136ff.; v.167, 185, 232; Ud.i.1 4; ii.1; iii.10; A.ii.20f; D.ii.267.

The Commentaries say (E.g., J.i.68ff.; DhA.i.71; BuA.238) that when the Buddha, having realized the futility of austerities, left the Pancavaggiyas, he retired to Uruvela, on the banks of the Neranjara, and there, just before the Enlightenment, Sujata gave him a meal of milk rice, taking him to be a god. Before eating the food, he bathed in the ford called Suppatittha. Under the bed of the river lay the abode of the Naga king, Kala. There was a sala grove on the banks, where the Buddha spent the afternoon previous to the night of the Enlightenment.

Three explanations are given of the name: (1) Its waters are pleasant (nelam jalam assa ti = nelanjala, the r being substituted for the l); (2) it has blue water (nila jalaya ti vattabbe Neranjaraya ti vuttam); (3) it is just simply the name of the river. UdA.26f.

Nadi Kassapas hermitage was on the bank of the Neranjara (ThagA.i.45).

Neranjara is identified with the modern Nilajana, with its source in Hazaribagh, which, together with the Mohana, unites to form the river Phalgu. CAGL 524.

2. Neranjara

A channel that branched northwards from the Punnavaddhana tank. Cv.lxxix.49.

Source: Pali Kanon: Pali Proper Names

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