Neranjara, Nerañjarā: 4 definitions


Neranjara means something in Buddhism, Pali, the history of ancient India. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Buddhism

Theravada (major branch of Buddhism)

Source: Pali Kanon: Pali Proper Names

1. Neranjara

A river. After the Enlightenment, the Buddha lived under the Ajapala Nigrodha (q.v.) at Uruvela, on the banks of this river. There Mara tempted him, and, later, Brahma persuaded him to preach the Dhamma.

Vin.i.1ff.; SN.vs.425ff.; cp. Mtu.ii.238; Lal.327 (261); S.i.103f; 122, 136ff.; v.167, 185, 232; Ud.i.1 4; ii.1; iii.10; A.ii.20f; D.ii.267.

The Commentaries say (E.g., J.i.68ff.; DhA.i.71; BuA.238) that when the Buddha, having realized the futility of austerities, left the Pancavaggiyas, he retired to Uruvela, on the banks of the Neranjara, and there, just before the Enlightenment, Sujata gave him a meal of milk rice, taking him to be a god. Before eating the food, he bathed in the ford called Suppatittha. Under the bed of the river lay the abode of the Naga king, Kala. There was a sala grove on the banks, where the Buddha spent the afternoon previous to the night of the Enlightenment.

Three explanations are given of the name: (1) Its waters are pleasant (nelam jalam assa ti = nelanjala, the r being substituted for the l); (2) it has blue water (nila jalaya ti vattabbe Neranjaraya ti vuttam); (3) it is just simply the name of the river. UdA.26f.

Nadi Kassapas hermitage was on the bank of the Neranjara (ThagA.i.45).

Neranjara is identified with the modern Nilajana, with its source in Hazaribagh, which, together with the Mohana, unites to form the river Phalgu. CAGL 524.

2. Neranjara

A channel that branched northwards from the Punnavaddhana tank. Cv.lxxix.49.

context information

Theravāda is a major branch of Buddhism having the the Pali canon (tipitaka) as their canonical literature, which includes the vinaya-pitaka (monastic rules), the sutta-pitaka (Buddhist sermons) and the abhidhamma-pitaka (philosophy and psychology).

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India history and geography

Source: Ceylon Branch of the Royal Asiatic Society 1963

Nerañjarā is one of the twenty canal-systems associated with Parakkamasamudda waters that existed in the Polonnaruva (Polonnaruwa) district of Ceylon (Sri Lanka).—The Pūjāvaliya gives the name Mahāsamudra to the Parakkamasamudda at Polonnaruva. The canal system associated with Parakkamasamudda is described and named in the Cūlavamsa as follows:—[...] Nerañjarā canal which flowed north; [...].

Source: Ancient Buddhist Texts: Geography of Early Buddhism

Nerañjarā (नेरञ्जरा) is the name of a river situated in Majjhimadesa (Middle Country) of ancient India, as recorded in the Pāli Buddhist texts (detailing the geography of ancient India as it was known in to Early Buddhism).—After the attainment of the Perfect Enlightenment the Buddha dwelt at Uruvelā in the Ajapāla Nigrodha on the bank of the river Nerañjarā. It is the river Phalgu mentioned in Asvaghoṣa’s Buddhacarita. Its two branches are the Nilājanā and the Mohanā, and their united stream is called Phalgu. Buddha Gayā is situated at a short distance to the west of the Nilājanā or Nirañjanā which has its source near Simeria in the district of Hazaribagh.

India history book cover
context information

The history of India traces the identification of countries, villages, towns and other regions of India, as well as royal dynasties, rulers, tribes, local festivities and traditions and regional languages. Ancient India enjoyed religious freedom and encourages the path of Dharma, a concept common to Buddhism, Hinduism, and Jainism.

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Languages of India and abroad

Pali-English dictionary

[«previous next»] — Neranjara in Pali glossary
Source: BuddhaSasana: Concise Pali-English Dictionary

nerañjarā : (f.) name of a river.

Pali book cover
context information

Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.

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