Lup: 10 definitions


Lup means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Vyakarana (Sanskrit grammar)

Source: Wikisource: A dictionary of Sanskrit grammar

Lup (लुप्).—Disappearance (लुप्यते इति लुप् (lupyate iti lup)); a term used by Pāṇini with reference to the disappearance of an affix or its part under specified conditions by the express mention of the word लुप् (lup). Although after the disappearance of an affix no operation for the base before, can take place as conditioned by the affix, i. e. although there is no प्रत्ययलक्षण (pratyayalakṣaṇa), still, when the disappearance is mentioned as लुप् (lup), the base gets the gender and number of that original form of it which existed before the affix, which has disappeared, was applied; cf. कुरवः दशः, चञ्चेव पुरुषः चञ्चा (kuravaḥ daśaḥ, cañceva puruṣaḥ cañcā); cf. लुपि युक्तवद् व्यक्तिवचने (lupi yuktavad vyaktivacane). P. I. 2.51 and Kāśikā thereon.

context information

Vyakarana (व्याकरण, vyākaraṇa) refers to Sanskrit grammar and represents one of the six additional sciences (vedanga) to be studied along with the Vedas. Vyakarana concerns itself with the rules of Sanskrit grammar and linguistic analysis in order to establish the correct context of words and sentences.

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Languages of India and abroad

Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Lup (लुप्).—I. 4 P. (lupyati)

1) To confound, perplex.

2) To be perplexed or confounded.

3) To be suppressed or destroyed. -II. 6 U. (lumpati-te, lupta)

1) To break, violate, cut off, destroy, injure; अनुभवं वचसा सखि लुम्पसि (anubhavaṃ vacasā sakhi lumpasi) N.4.15.

2) To take away, deprive of, rob, plunder.

3) To seize, pounce upon.

4) To elide, suppress, cause to disappear. -Pass. (lupyate)

1) To be broken or violated; be lost; तस्य भागो न लुप्यते (tasya bhāgo na lupyate) Manusmṛti 9.211.

2) To be elided or lost, to disappear (in gram.). -Caus. (lalopa- yati-te)

1) To break, violate, infringe, offend against.

2) To omit, neglect.

3) To cause to swerve from; सात्याद् गुरुमललोपयन् (sātyād gurumalalopayan) R.12.9. -Desid. (lulupsati, lulopiṣati); frequent लोलुप्यते (lolupyate) or लोलोप्ति (lolopti).

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Lup (लुप्).—(in gram.) Falling out, suppression.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Lup (लुप्).—r. 4th cl. (lupyati) 1. To disturb, to bewilder, to perplex, and confound the understanding. 2. To vanish. (ḹ, au, ṛ) auluḷ r. 6th cl. (lumpati-te) 1. To cut, to divide, to cut off or down. 2. To rob. 3. To seize. 4. To suppress. With vi, 1. To break off. 2. To carry away. 3. To destroy.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Lup (लुप्).—i. 1, lumpa, [Parasmaipada.] [Ātmanepada.] 1. To break, to destroy, [Hitopadeśa] iv. [distich] 12; Mahābhārata 1, 5560. 2. To spoil, [Vikramorvaśī, (ed. Bollensen.)] 27, 2. Pass. 1. To be violated, [Mānavadharmaśāstra] 2, 189. 2. To be lost, [Mānavadharmaśāstra] 9, 211. † i. 4, [Parasmaipada.] To disturb, to bewilder. Ptcple. of the pf. pass. lupta. 1. Neglected, [Bhagavadgītā, (ed. Schlegel.)] 1, 42. 2. Disturbed, [Śṛṅgāratilaks] 7. 3. Lost. n. Booty, plunder. [Causal.] lopaya, 1. To cause to leave, to divert, [Raghuvaṃśa, (ed. Stenzler.)] 12, 9 (Calc.). 2. To let violate, [Mānavadharmaśāstra] 8, 16.

— With the prep. ava ava, To break forth, [Mānavadharmaśāstra] 7, 106.

— With ā ā, Pass. To be troubled, to be clouded, [Meghadūta, (ed. Gildemeister.)] 103.

— With vyā vi-ā, To remove, [Meghadūta, (ed. Gildemeister.)] 71. Pass. To be divided, [Lassen, Anthologia Sanskritica.] 20, 20.

— With pari pari, To disturb, to diminish, [Daśakumāracarita] in Chr. 187, 4.

— With pra pra, pass. To be disturbed, Mahābhārata 1, 7750.

— With vipra vi-pra, 1. To rend in pieces, [Mānavadharmaśāstra] 3, 225. 2. To disturb, Mahābhārata 2, 161.

— With vi vi, 1. To rend in pieces, [Mānavadharmaśāstra] 3, 204. 2. To disturb, [Mānavadharmaśāstra] 2, 161. 3. To extinguish, [Lassen, Anthologia Sanskritica.] 2. ed. 97, 54. 4. To become disfigured, [Rāmāyaṇa] 2, 60, 15 Gorr. vilupta, 1. Cut off. 2. Lost, [Uttara Rāmacarita, 2. ed. Calc., 1862.] 72, 12. 3. Interrupted, [Pañcatantra] ii. [distich] 2. 4. Seized. Comp. A-, adj. undisturbed, [Rājataraṅgiṇī] 5, 5. [Causal.] 1. To disturb, Mahābhārata 1, 7752. 2. To extinguish, Mahābhārata 1, 5233.

— With pravi pra-vi, pravilupta, Lost, removed, fallen.

— Cf. [Latin] rumpere; [Anglo-Saxon.] reaf, reafian; [Old High German.] raubôn; very probably also [Gothic.] raupjan, to pull out; probably (præruptus, based on a [frequentative.]).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Lup (लुप्).—1. lumpati (lumpate) [participle] lupta (q.v.) break, harm, injure, attack, rub, plunder, consume, throw away, suppress, destroy, cause to disappear. [Passive] lupyate (lupyate, ti be broken or harmed etc.; be suppressed or elided, disappear ([grammar]). [Causative] lopayati, te omit, neglect, infringe, violate; divert from ([ablative]). [Intensive] lolupyate etc. confuse, disturb.

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Lup (लुप्).—2. [substantive] elision, suppression.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Lup (लुप्):—1. lup (cf.rup), [class] 6. [Ātmanepada] [Parasmaipada] ([Dhātupāṭha xxviii, 137]) lumpati, te ([perfect tense] lulopa, lulupe, [Brāhmaṇa] etc.; [Aorist] alupat, alupta [grammar]; Prec., lopsiya, [Chāndogya-upaniṣad]; loptā, lopsyati, te [grammar]; [infinitive mood] loptum, [Hitopadeśa]; [indeclinable participle] luptvā, [Mahābhārata] etc.; -lupya, [Atharva-veda]; -lumpam, [Maitrāyaṇī-saṃhitā]; lopaṃ, [Kauśika-sūtra]),

—to break, violate, hurt, injure, spoil, [Harivaṃśa; Varāha-mihira’s Bṛhat-saṃhitā];

—to seize, fall or pounce upon ([accusative]), [Mahābhārata; Hitopadeśa];

—to rob, plunder, steal, [Kathāsaritsāgara; Bhāgavata-purāṇa];

—to cheat (said of a merchant), [Campaka-śreṣṭhi-kathānaka];

—to take away, suppress, waste, cause to disappear, [Śārṅgadhara-saṃhitā; Śatruṃjaya-māhātmya; Bhāgavata-purāṇa];

—to elide, erase, omit (a letter, word etc.), [Prātiśākhya; Pāṇini; Kāraṇḍa-vyūha];—[class] 4. [Parasmaipada] lupyati ([perfect tense] lulopa; [future] lopitā, lopiṣyati, etc.),

—to disturb, bewilder, perplex, confound, [Dhātupāṭha xxvi, 126] :—[Passive voice] lupyate ([Taittirīya-saṃhitā] lupyate; [Aorist] alopi),

—to be broken etc., [Atharva-veda] etc. etc.;

—to be wasted or destroyed, [Harṣacarita];

— (in gram.) to be suppressed or lost or elided, disappear;

—to be confounded or bewildered, [Maitrī-upaniṣad] :—[Causal] lopayati, te ([Aorist] alūlupat, [Mahābhārata]; alulopat [grammar]; [Passive voice] lopyate),

—to cause to break or violate, cause to swerve from ([ablative]), [Raghuvaṃśa];

—to break, violate, infringe, neglect, [Manu-smṛti; Mahābhārata] etc.;

— ([Ātmanepada]) to cause to disappear, efface, [Mānava-gṛhya-sūtra] :—[Desiderative] lulupsati or lulopiṣati, te [grammar]:—[Intensive] lolopti (p. lolupat), to confound, bewilder, perplex, [Kaṭha-upaniṣad];—lolupyate = garirhitaṃ lumpati, [Pāṇini 3-1, 24];

—to be greedy, in a-lolupyamāna q.v. ([For cognate words See under √rup.])

2) 2. lup (in gram.) falling out, suppression, elision (cf. 2. luk)

3) mfn. = lupta, fallen out, dropped, elided, [Vājasaneyi-saṃhitā-prātiśākhya]

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Lup (लुप्):—(ya) lupyati 4. a. To disturb, to perplex. (śa, ña, au, ḷ, pa) lumpati, te 6. c. To cut off; to rob.

Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary (S)

Lup (लुप्) in the Sanskrit language is related to the Prakrit word: Luṃpa.

[Sanskrit to German]

Lup in German

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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