Lopa, Lopā: 17 definitions


Lopa means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Buddhism, Pali, Marathi, Hindi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

Alternative spellings of this word include Lop.

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In Hinduism

Vyakarana (Sanskrit grammar)

Source: Wikisource: A dictionary of Sanskrit grammar

Lopa (लोप).—Disappearance of a word or part of a word enjoined in grammar for arriving at the required forms of a word; cf. अदर्शनं लोपः (adarśanaṃ lopaḥ) P. I.1.52: cf. अदर्शनमश्रवणमनुच्चारणमनुपलब्धिरभावो वर्णवि-नाश इत्यनर्थान्तरम् । एतैः शब्दैर्योर्थोभिधीयते तस्य लोप इतीयं संज्ञा भवति (adarśanamaśravaṇamanuccāraṇamanupalabdhirabhāvo varṇavi-nāśa ityanarthāntaram | etaiḥ śabdairyorthobhidhīyate tasya lopa itīyaṃ saṃjñā bhavati) Kāś. on P.I.1. 52. This disappearance in the case of an affix is tantamount to its notional presence or imaginary presence, as operations caused by it do take place although the word element has disappeared; cf. प्रत्ययलोपे प्रत्ययलक्षणम् । प्रत्यये लूप्तेपि तद्धेतुकं कार्ये भवति (pratyayalope pratyayalakṣaṇam | pratyaye lūptepi taddhetukaṃ kārye bhavati) Kāś. on P. I.1.62.

Vyakarana book cover
context information

Vyakarana (व्याकरण, vyākaraṇa) refers to Sanskrit grammar and represents one of the six additional sciences (vedanga) to be studied along with the Vedas. Vyakarana concerns itself with the rules of Sanskrit grammar and linguistic analysis in order to establish the correct context of words and sentences.

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Yoga (school of philosophy)

Source: ORA: Amanaska (king of all yogas): A Critical Edition and Annotated Translation by Jason Birch

Lopa (लोप) refers to the “absence (of breathing)”, according to the Yogatārāvalī: a short Yoga text of twenty-nine verses presenting Haṭhayoga as the means to Rājayoga (i.e., Samādhi).—Accordingly, while describing the no-mind state: “We see the Amanaska Mudrā manifesting in [those] most eminent sages because [their] breathing has disappeared (niśvāsa-lopa), [their] bodies are firm and [their] lotus-eyes are half closed”.

Yoga book cover
context information

Yoga is originally considered a branch of Hindu philosophy (astika), but both ancient and modern Yoga combine the physical, mental and spiritual. Yoga teaches various physical techniques also known as āsanas (postures), used for various purposes (eg., meditation, contemplation, relaxation).

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Languages of India and abroad

Pali-English dictionary

Source: BuddhaSasana: Concise Pali-English Dictionary

lopa : (m.) elision; cutting off.

Source: Sutta: The Pali Text Society's Pali-English Dictionary

Lopa, (fr. lup: see lumpati) taking away, cutting off; as tt. g. apocope, elision (of the final letter) VbhA. 164 (sabba-loka-vohāra°); SnA 12, 303, 508; VvA. 79; often in anunāsika° dropping of (final) SnA 410; VvA. 154, 275. At S. V, 342 read piṇḍiy ‘ālopena for piṇḍiyā lopena.—Cp. ālopa, nillopa, vilopa, vilopiya. (Page 588)

Pali book cover
context information

Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.

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Marathi-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

lōpa (लोप).—m (S) Cutting off in general; but used especially as a grammatical term for the elision or dropping of a letter or syllable. 2 Canceling, annulling, destroying: also disappearance, extinction, cessation, desuetude, pretermission, omission &c. Compounds ad libitum; as rājya-dharma-varṇa- kula-jāti-vaṃśa-sampradāya-sandhyā-agni-śrāddha-karma-vidyā- lōpa.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English

lōpa (लोप).—m Cutting off. Cancelling, annul- ling; also disappearance, desuetude, elision.

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Lopa (लोप).—[lup-bhāve ghañ]

1) Taking away, deprivation robbing, plundering.

2) Loss, destruction.

3) Abolition, cancellation, annulment (of customs), disappearance, disuse.

4) Violation, transgression; धर्मलोपभयात् (dharmalopabhayāt) R.1.76.

5) Want, failure, absence; सोऽहमिज्याविशुद्धात्मा प्रजालोपनिमीलितः (so'hamijyāviśuddhātmā prajālopanimīlitaḥ) R.1.68.

6) Omission, dropping; तद्वद् धर्मस्य लोपे स्यात् (tadvad dharmasya lope syāt) K. P.1.

7) Elision, dropping (in gram.); अदर्शनं लोपः (adarśanaṃ lopaḥ) P.I.1.6.

8) Being perplexed or confounded.

9) Breaking, fracture.

Derivable forms: lopaḥ (लोपः).

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Lopā (लोपा).—Name of a daughter of the king of Vidarbha and wife of the sage Agastya. [She is said to have been formed by the sage himself from the most beautiful parts of different animals so as to have a wife after his own heart, and then secretly introduced into the palace of the king of Vidarbha where she grew up as his daughter. She was afterwards married by Agastya. He was asked by her to acquire immense riches before he thought of having any connection with her. The sage accordingly first went to king Śrutarvan, and from him to several other persons till he went to the rich demon Ilvala and, having conquered him, got immense wealth from him and satisfisfied his wife.]

See also (synonyms): lopāmudrā.

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Lopā (लोपा).—A kind of bird.

See also (synonyms): lopāyikā.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Lopa (लोप).—m.

(-paḥ) 1. Rejection, cutting off in general, especially used as a grammatical term for dropping letters, syllables, &c. 2. Disappearance, destruction. 3. Erasure. 4. Annulling, cancelling. E. lup to cut, aff. ghañ .

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Lopā (लोपा).—f.

(-pā) The wife of the Muni Agastya. E. lup to disturb, affs. ac and ṭāpḥ see lopāmudrā .

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Lopa (लोप).—i. e. lup + a, m. 1. Cutting off. 2. Omission, [Mānavadharmaśāstra] 3, 63; [Lassen, Anthologia Sanskritica.] 2. ed. 55, 73. 3. Destruction, disappearance. 4. Annulling, cancelling. 5. Elision, [Lassen, Anthologia Sanskritica.] 2. ed. 115.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Lopa (लोप).—[masculine] cutting off, severing, taking away, troubling, disturbing; want, loss; elision ([grammar]). [feminine] lopā a cert. bird.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Lopa (लोप):—[from lup] a m. breaking, hurting, injury, destruction, interruption, [Mahābhārata; Kāvya literature] etc.

2) [v.s. ...] neglect, violation, transgression (of a vow or duty), [Manu-smṛti; Yājñavalkya] etc.

3) [v.s. ...] robbing, plundering, [Mahābhārata]

4) [v.s. ...] want, deficiency, absence, disappearance, [???; Raghuvaṃśa]

5) [v.s. ...] (in gram.) dropping, elision (generally as distinguished from the terms lup, ślu, luk, which are only applicable to affixes; when lopa of an affix takes place, a blank is substituted, which exerts the same influence on the base as the affix itself, but when either luk or lup or ślu of an affix is enjoined, then the affix is not only dropped but it is also inoperative on the base; thus in the Ist [plural] of kati, where jas is said to be elided by luk, the change of the final of the base to Guṇa does not take place id est. both the affix and its effect on the base are abolished; moreover, lopa refers only to the last letter of an affix, whereas by luk etc. the dropping of the whole affix is implied), [Nirukta, by Yāska; Prātiśākhya; Pāṇini] etc.

6) Lopā (लोपा):—[from lopa > lup] f. a [particular] bird, [Taittirīya-saṃhitā]

7) [v.s. ...] a kind of bird, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

8) [v.s. ...] = lopā-mudrā below.

9) Lopa (लोप):—b lopaka etc. See p. 904, col. 3.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Lopa (लोप):—(paḥ) 1. m. Rejection; erasure.

2) Lopā (लोपा):—(pā) 1. f. Wife of Agastya.

Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary (S)

Lopa (लोप) in the Sanskrit language is related to the Prakrit words: Loa, Lova.

[Sanskrit to German]

Lopa in German

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Hindi dictionary

Source: DDSA: A practical Hindi-English dictionary

Lopa (लोप) [Also spelled lop]:—(nm) disappearance; elimination; elision; obsolescence; hence ~[na] (nm).

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Kannada-English dictionary

Source: Alar: Kannada-English corpus

Lōpa (ಲೋಪ):—

1) [noun] a breaking or being broken.

2) [noun] a destroying or being destroyed; destruction.

3) [noun] the act of plundering, looting.

4) [noun] the fact of not being present; absence.

5) [noun] (gram.) the omission of a vowel, syllable while euphonically joining two words; elision.

6) [noun] ಲೋಪವೇನೂ ಇಲ್ಲ, ದೀಪಕೆ ಮಾತ್ರ ಬಗೆಯಿಲ್ಲ [lopavenu illa, dipake matra bageyilla] lōpavēnū illa, dīpake mātra bageyilla (prov.) (sarcastically saying) everything is perfect except that main or important thing which is missing.

context information

Kannada is a Dravidian language (as opposed to the Indo-European language family) mainly spoken in the southwestern region of India.

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