Five Stains: 2 definitions
Five Stains means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.
Vedanta (school of philosophy)
Five Stains according to the Maṇḍalabrāhmaṇa-upaniṣad.—The body has five stains (viz.,) passion, anger, out-breathing, fear, and sleep. The removal of these can be effected respectively by absence of saṅkalpa, forgiveness, moderate food, carefulness, and a spiritual sight of tattvas. In order to cross the ocean of saṃsāra where sleep and fear are the serpents, injury, etc., are the waves, tṛṣṇā (thirst) is the whirlpool, and wife is the mire, one should adhere to the subtle path and overstepping tattva and other guṇas should look out for Tāraka.
Vedanta (वेदान्त, vedānta) refers to a school of orthodox Hindu philosophy (astika), drawing its subject-matter from the Upanishads. There are a number of sub-schools of Vedanta, however all of them expound on the basic teaching of the ultimate reality (brahman) and liberation (moksha) of the individual soul (atman).
General definition (in Buddhism)
Five Stains:—A technical term in Buddhism corresponding to the Sanskrit kaṣāya defined in the Dharma-saṃgraha (section 91):
- The stain of defilements (kleśa-kaṣāya),
- The stain of views (dṛṣṭi-kaṣāya),
- The stain on beings (sattva-kaṣāya),
- The stain of age (āyuḥ-kaṣāya),
- The stain of practice (kalpa-kaṣāya).
The Dharma-samgraha (Dharmasangraha) is an extensive glossary of Buddhist technical terms in Sanskrit (e.g., ‘five stains’). The work is attributed to Nagarguna who lived around the 2nd century A.D.
See also (Relevant definitions)
Full-text: Pancakashaya, Drishtikashaya, Sattvakashaya, Kleshakashaya, Ayuhkashaya, Kalpakashaya, Kashaya.
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