Druh: 9 definitions

Introduction:

Druh means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

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Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Druh (द्रुह्).—4 P. (druhyati, drugdha)

1) To bear malice or hatred.

2) To seek to hurt or injure, plot maliciously or revengefully, meditate mischief; (generally with the dat. of the object of hatred); यान्वेति मां द्रुह्यति मह्यमेव सात्रेत्युपालम्भि तयालिवर्गः (yānveti māṃ druhyati mahyameva sātretyupālambhi tayālivargaḥ) N.3.7; Bk.4.39.

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Druh (द्रुह्).—a. (At the end of comp.) (Nom. sing. dhruk-g, dhruṭ-ḍ) Injuring, hurting, plotting or acting as an enemy against; पुरः क्लिश्नाति सोमं हि सैंहिकेयोऽसुरद्रुहाम् (puraḥ kliśnāti somaṃ hi saiṃhikeyo'suradruhām) Śi.2. 35; Ms.5.9. -f. Injury, damage.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Druh (द्रुह्).—[druha] r. 4th cl. (druhyati) To bear hatred, to seek to hurt or injure. divā0 pa0 saka0 seṭ .

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Druh (द्रुह्).—i. 4, [Parasmaipada.] (in epic poetry also [Ātmanepada.], [Rāmāyaṇa] 2, 75, 22), 1. To hurt, [Rāmāyaṇa] 2, 25, 17. 2. To seek to injure or to grieve, [Mānavadharmaśāstra] 2, 144. With the dat., [Bhāgavata-Purāṇa, (ed. Burnouf.)] 4, 4, 15; with the gen., [Rāmāyaṇa] 2, 99, 23 Gorr.; with the loc., [Bhāgavata-Purāṇa, (ed. Burnouf.)] 4, 2, 21; and with the acc., Mahābhārata 2, 2107. Ptcple. of the pf. pass. drugdha, Wished to be injured, [Rājataraṅgiṇī] 5, 298. Comp. A -drudgha, adj. innoccnt, Mahābhārata 5, 715.

— With the prep. abhi abhi, 1. To hurt, [Bhāgavata-Purāṇa, (ed. Burnouf.)] 4, 20, 3. 2. To seek to hurt, [Pañcatantra] i. [distich] 270, with the dat. and acc. abhidrugdha, Seeking to injure, Mahābhārata 5, 2160.

— With vi vi, To insult, [Bhāgavata-Purāṇa, (ed. Burnouf.)] 3, 1, 41.

— Cf. [Gothic.] driugan (d instead of t on account of the following r), dalgs; [Old High German.] triugan (see droha).

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Druh (द्रुह्).—1. m. An injurer, Mahābhārata 7, 6512. 2. Latter part of adj., Injuring, having injured, e. g. garbha-bhartṛ-, f. A woman who has caused an abortion or stricken her husband, [Mānavadharmaśāstra] 5, 90. mitra-, n. An injurer of his friend, [Mānavadharmaśāstra] 3, 160.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Druh (द्रुह्).—1. druhyati (te), [participle] drugdha (q.v.) be hostile, hurt, offend, strive to harm ([dative], [genetive], [locative], or [accusative]); *emulate, vie.

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Druh (द्रुह्).—2. ([nominative] dhruk) [adjective] hurting, injuring, offending against ([genetive], mostly —°); [masculine] [feminine] = drugdha [masculine]; [feminine] = drugdha [neuter]

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Druh (द्रुह्):—1. druh [class] 4. [Parasmaipada] druhyati ([Epic] and metr. also [Ātmanepada] te), [Brāhmaṇa; Mahābhārata; Rāmāyaṇa] etc. ([perfect tense] dudrbha, [Ṛg-veda], hitha, [Atharva-veda]; [Aorist] adruhat, Gr., [subjunctive] 2 sg. druhas, [Mahābhārata, 3] [plural] druhan [with ] [Ṛg-veda; 2] sg. adrukshas, [Aitareya-brāhmaṇa]; [future] dhrokṣyati, [Maitrāyaṇī-saṃhitā], drohiṣyati, [Pāṇini 7-2, 45]; drogdhā, droḍhā or drohitā [grammar]; [infinitive mood] drogdhavai, [Kāṭhaka]; [indeclinable participle] drugdhvā, drochitvā, druhitvā [grammar]; -druhya, [Maitrāyaṇī-saṃhitā])

—to hurt, seek to harm, be hostile to ([dative case]; rarely [genitive case] [Rāmāyaṇa ii, 99, 23; Hitopadeśa ii, 121] [locative case] [Bhāgavata-purāṇa iv, 2, 21] or acc. [Manu-smṛti ii, 144]);—absol. to bear malice or hatred, [Mahābhārata; Hitopadeśa];

—to be a foe or rival, [Kāvyādarśa ii, 61] :—[Causal] drohayati:—[Desiderative] dudrohiṣati, dudruh [grammar];—dudrukṣat, [Kāṭhaka] (cf. abhiand dudhrukṣu).

2) [Orig. dhrugh ; cf. [Zend] druj; [German] triogan, trūgen.]

3) 2. druh mfn. ([nominative case] dhruk or dhruṭ, [Pāṇini 8-2, 33]; wrongly druk; cf. nidrā-.) injuring, hurtful, hostile to ([genitive case] or [compound]), [Manu-smṛti; Mahābhārata; Purāṇa]

4) mf. injurer, foe, fiend, demon, [Ṛg-veda; Kāṭhaka]

5) f. injury, harm, offence, [Ṛg-veda; Atharva-veda]

6) cf. [Zend] druj; [German] gidrog, gethroc.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Druh (द्रुह्):—(dhruk) 5. m. An injurer.

2) (ya) druhyati 4. a. To bear hatred.

Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary (S)

Druh (द्रुह्) in the Sanskrit language is related to the Prakrit words: Duha, Doha.

[Sanskrit to German]

Druh in German

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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