Mahabharata [sanskrit]

699,462 words | ISBN-10: 812150094X | ISBN-13: 9788121500944

The Sanskrit edition of the Mahabharata, one of the largest epic poems ever written, consisting of 100,000 metrical verses. Consisting of 18 books, the Mahabharata details the history and legends concerning ancient India (Bharata), including a major battle campaign involving the Kauravas and the Pandavas, also known as the Kurukshetra War. This portion also contains the Bhagavad-Gita. Alternative titles: Mahābhārata (महाभारत).

vaiśaṃpāyana uvāca |
gateṣu teṣu sarveṣu tapasviṣu mahātmasu |
pinākapāṇirbhagavānsarvapāpaharo haraḥ || 1 ||
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kairātaṃ veṣamāsthāya kāñcanadrumasaṃnibham |
vibhrājamāno vapuṣā girirmerurivāparaḥ || 2 ||
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śrīmaddhanurupādāya śarāṃścāśīviṣopamān |
niṣpapāta mahārciṣmāndahankakṣamivānalaḥ || 3 ||
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devyā sahomayā śrīmānsamānavrataveṣayā |
nānāveṣadharairhṛṣṭairbhūtairanugatastadā || 4 ||
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kirātaveṣapracchannaḥ strībhiścānu sahasraśaḥ |
aśobhata tadā rājansa devo'tīva bhārata || 5 ||
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kṣaṇena tadvanaṃ sarvaṃ niḥśabdamabhavattadā |
nādaḥ prasravaṇānāṃ ca pakṣiṇāṃ cāpyupāramat || 6 ||
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sa saṃnikarṣamāgamya pārthasyākliṣṭakarmaṇaḥ |
mūkaṃ nāma diteḥ putraṃ dadarśādbhutadarśanam || 7 ||
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vārāhaṃ rūpamāsthāya tarkayantamivārjunam |
hantuṃ paramaduṣṭātmā tamuvācātha phalgunaḥ || 8 ||
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gāṇḍīvaṃ dhanurādāya śarāṃścāśīviṣopamān |
sajyaṃ dhanurvaraṃ kṛtvā jyāghoṣeṇa ninādayan || 9 ||
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yanmāṃ prārthayase hantumanāgasamihāgatam |
tasmāttvāṃ pūrvamevāhaṃ neṣyāmi yamasādanam || 10 ||
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taṃ dṛṣṭvā prahariṣyantaṃ phalgunaṃ dṛḍhadhanvinam |
kirātarūpī sahasā vārayāmāsa śaṃkaraḥ || 11 ||
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mayaiṣa prārthitaḥ pūrvaṃ nīlameghasamaprabhaḥ |
anādṛtyaiva tadvākyaṃ prajahārātha phalgunaḥ || 12 ||
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kirātaśca samaṃ tasminnekalakṣye mahādyutiḥ |
pramumocāśaniprakhyaṃ śaramagniśikhopamam || 13 ||
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tau muktau sāyakau tābhyāṃ samaṃ tatra nipetatuḥ |
mūkasya gātre vistīrṇe śailasaṃhanane tadā || 14 ||
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yathāśaniviniṣpeṣo vajrasyeva ca parvate |
tathā tayoḥ saṃnipātaḥ śarayorabhavattadā || 15 ||
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sa viddho bahubhirbāṇairdīptāsyaiḥ pannagairiva |
mamāra rākṣasaṃ rūpaṃ bhūyaḥ kṛtvā vibhīṣaṇam || 16 ||
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dadarśātha tato jiṣṇuḥ puruṣaṃ kāñcanaprabham |
kirātaveṣapracchannaṃ strīsahāyamamitrahā |
tamabravītprītamanāḥ kaunteyaḥ prahasanniva || 17 ||
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ko bhavānaṭate śūnye vane strīgaṇasaṃvṛtaḥ |
na tvamasminvane ghore bibheṣi kanakaprabha || 18 ||
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kimarthaṃ ca tvayā viddho mṛgo'yaṃ matparigrahaḥ |
mayābhipannaḥ pūrvaṃ hi rākṣaso'yamihāgataḥ || 19 ||
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kāmātparibhavādvāpi na me jīvanvimokṣyase |
na hyeṣa mṛgayādharmo yastvayādya kṛto mayi |
tena tvāṃ bhraṃśayiṣyāmi jīvitātparvatāśraya || 20 ||
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ityuktaḥ pāṇḍaveyena kirātaḥ prahasanniva |
uvāca ślakṣṇayā vācā pāṇḍavaṃ savyasācinam || 21 ||
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mamaivāyaṃ lakṣyabhūtaḥ pūrvameva parigrahaḥ |
mamaiva ca prahāreṇa jīvitādvyavaropitaḥ || 22 ||
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doṣānsvānnārhase'nyasmai vaktuṃ svabaladarpitaḥ |
abhiṣakto'smi mandātmanna me jīvanvimokṣyase || 23 ||
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sthiro bhavasva mokṣyāmi sāyakānaśanīniva |
ghaṭasva parayā śaktyā muñca tvamapi sāyakān || 24 ||
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tatastau tatra saṃrabdhau garjamānau muhurmuhuḥ |
śarairāśīviṣākāraistatakṣāte parasparam || 25 ||
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tato'rjunaḥ śaravarṣaṃ kirāte samavāsṛjat |
tatprasannena manasā pratijagrāha śaṃkaraḥ || 26 ||
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muhūrtaṃ śaravarṣaṃ tatpratigṛhya pinākadhṛk |
akṣatena śarīreṇa tasthau giririvācalaḥ || 27 ||
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sa dṛṣṭvā bāṇavarṣaṃ tanmoghībhūtaṃ dhanaṃjayaḥ |
paramaṃ vismayaṃ cakre sādhu sādhviti cābravīt || 28 ||
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aho'yaṃ sukumārāṅgo himavacchikharālayaḥ |
gāṇḍīvamuktānnārācānpratigṛhṇātyavihvalaḥ || 29 ||
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ko'yaṃ devo bhavetsākṣādrudro yakṣaḥ sureśvaraḥ |
vidyate hi giriśreṣṭhe tridaśānāṃ samāgamaḥ || 30 ||
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na hi madbāṇajālānāmutsṛṣṭānāṃ sahasraśaḥ |
śakto'nyaḥ sahituṃ vegamṛte devaṃ pinākinam || 31 ||
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devo vā yadi vā yakṣo rudrādanyo vyavasthitaḥ |
ahamenaṃ śaraistīkṣṇairnayāmi yamasādanam || 32 ||
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tato hṛṣṭamanā jiṣṇurnārācānmarmabhedinaḥ |
vyasṛjacchatadhā rājanmayūkhāniva bhāskaraḥ || 33 ||
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tānprasannena manasā bhagavāṃllokabhāvanaḥ |
śūlapāṇiḥ pratyagṛhṇācchilāvarṣamivācalaḥ || 34 ||
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kṣaṇena kṣīṇabāṇo'tha saṃvṛttaḥ phalgunastadā |
vitrāsaṃ ca jagāmātha taṃ dṛṣṭvā śarasaṃkṣayam || 35 ||
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cintayāmāsa jiṣṇustu bhagavantaṃ hutāśanam |
purastādakṣayau dattau tūṇau yenāsya khāṇḍave || 36 ||
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kiṃ nu mokṣyāmi dhanuṣā yanme bāṇāḥ kṣayaṃ gatāḥ |
ayaṃ ca puruṣaḥ ko'pi bāṇāngrasati sarvaśaḥ || 37 ||
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ahamenaṃ dhanuṣkoṭyā śūlāgreṇeva kuñjaram |
nayāmi daṇḍadhārasya yamasya sadanaṃ prati || 38 ||
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saṃprāyudhyaddhanuṣkoṭyā kaunteyaḥ paravīrahā |
tadapyasya dhanurdivyaṃ jagrāsa girigocaraḥ || 39 ||
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tato'rjuno grastadhanuḥ khaḍgapāṇiratiṣṭhata |
yuddhasyāntamabhīpsanvai vegenābhijagāma tam || 40 ||
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tasya mūrdhni śitaṃ khaḍgamasaktaṃ parvateṣvapi |
mumoca bhujavīryeṇa vikramya kurunandanaḥ |
tasya mūrdhānamāsādya paphālāsivaro hi saḥ || 41 ||
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tato vṛkṣaiḥ śilābhiśca yodhayāmāsa phalgunaḥ |
yathā vṛkṣānmahākāyaḥ pratyagṛhṇādatho śilāḥ || 42 ||
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kirātarūpī bhagavāṃstataḥ pārtho mahābalaḥ |
muṣṭibhirvajrasaṃsparśairdhūmamutpādayanmukhe |
prajahāra durādharṣe kirātasamarūpiṇi || 43 ||
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tataḥ śakrāśanisamairmuṣṭibhirbhṛśadāruṇaiḥ |
kirātarūpī bhagavānardayāmāsa phalgunam || 44 ||
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tataścaṭacaṭāśabdaḥ sughoraḥ samajāyata |
pāṇḍavasya ca muṣṭīnāṃ kirātasya ca yudhyataḥ || 45 ||
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sumuhūrtaṃ mahadyuddhamāsīttallomaharṣaṇam |
bhujaprahārasaṃyuktaṃ vṛtravāsavayoriva || 46 ||
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jahārātha tato jiṣṇuḥ kirātamurasā balī |
pāṇḍavaṃ ca viceṣṭantaṃ kirāto'pyahanadbalāt || 47 ||
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tayorbhujaviniṣpeṣātsaṃgharṣeṇorasostathā |
samajāyata gātreṣu pāvako'ṅgāradhūmavān || 48 ||
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tata enaṃ mahādevaḥ pīḍya gātraiḥ supīḍitam |
tejasā vyākramadroṣāccetastasya vimohayan || 49 ||
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tato nipīḍitairgātraiḥ piṇḍīkṛta ivābabhau |
phalguno gātrasaṃruddho devadevena bhārata || 50 ||
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nirucchvāso'bhavaccaiva saṃniruddho mahātmanā |
tataḥ papāta saṃmūḍhastataḥ prīto'bhavadbhavaḥ || 51 ||
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bhagavānuvāca |
bho bho phalguna tuṣṭo'smi karmaṇāpratimena te |
śauryeṇānena dhṛtyā ca kṣatriyo nāsti te samaḥ || 52 ||
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samaṃ tejaśca vīryaṃ ca mamādya tava cānagha |
prītaste'haṃ mahābāho paśya māṃ puruṣarṣabha || 53 ||
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dadāni te viśālākṣa cakṣuḥ pūrvaṛṣirbhavān |
vijeṣyasi raṇe śatrūnapi sarvāndivaukasaḥ || 54 ||
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vaiśaṃpāyana uvāca |
tato devaṃ mahādevaṃ giriśaṃ śūlapāṇinam |
dadarśa phalgunastatra saha devyā mahādyutim || 55 ||
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sa jānubhyāṃ mahīṃ gatvā śirasā praṇipatya ca |
prasādayāmāsa haraṃ pārthaḥ parapuraṃjayaḥ || 56 ||
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arjuna uvāca |
kapardinsarvabhūteśa bhaganetranipātana |
vyatikramaṃ me bhagavankṣantumarhasi śaṃkara || 57 ||
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bhavagaddarśanākāṅkṣī prāpto'smīmaṃ mahāgirim |
dayitaṃ tava deveśa tāpasālayamuttamam || 58 ||
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prasādaye tvāṃ bhagavansarvabhūtanamaskṛta |
na me syādaparādho'yaṃ mahādevātisāhasāt || 59 ||
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kṛto mayā yadajñānādvimardo'yaṃ tvayā saha |
śaraṇaṃ saṃprapannāya tatkṣamasvādya śaṃkara || 60 ||
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vaiśaṃpāyana uvāca |
tamuvāca mahātejāḥ prahasya vṛṣabhadhvajaḥ |
pragṛhya ruciraṃ bāhuṃ kṣāntamityeva phalgunam || 61 ||
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Other editions:

Also see the following editions of the Sanskrit text or (alternative) English translations of the Mahabharata Chapter 40

Cover of edition (2013)

The complete Mahabharata (12 Volumes)
by Kisari Mohan Ganguly (2013)

4900 pages; [Publisher: Munshiram Manoharlal Publishers Pvt. Ltd.] ISBN: ‎ 812150094X or 9788121500944;

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Cover of edition (2003)

The Mahabharata in Kannada (Set of 32 Volumes)
by Bharatha Darshana Bangalore (2003)

ಶ್ರೇಮಹಭಾರತ [ಮಹಾಭಾರತ]; 13907 pages;

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Cover of edition (2008)

The Complete Mahabharata (9 volumes)
by M. N. Dutt (2008)

6415 pages; Sanskrit Text with English Translation; [Edited By: Dr. Ishwar Chandra Sharma & Dr. O.N. Bimali] [Publisher: Parimal Publication Pvt. Ltd.]

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Cover of edition (2017)

Mahabharata (Hindi Translation, Six Volumes)
by Sahityacharya Pandit Ramnarayandutt Shastri Pandey "Ram" (2017)

7350 pages; [महाभारत] [Publisher: Gita Press, Gorakhpur] 44 Color and Black/white illustrations.

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Cover of Bengali edition

The Mahabharata in Bengali (Two Volumes)
by Akshay Library, Kolkata (2019)

3049 pages; [মহাভারত] [মহার্ষী বদভ্যাস (Maharishi Vedvyas)]

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Cover of Gujarati edition

Mahabharat in Gujarati (20 Volumes)
by Dinkar Joshi (દિનકર જોશી) (2010)

14252 pages; [મહાભારત] [Publisher: Pravin Prakashan Pvt. Ltd, Rajkot]

Buy now!
Cover of edition (2018)

Shri Mahabharatam in Malayalam (2 volumes)
by Swami Mridananda (2018)

1681 pages; [Publisher: Ramakrishna Math, Thrissur]

Buy now!
Cover of edition (2018)

Mahabharata in Telugu (7 Volumes)
by Gita Press, Gorakhpur (2018)

7248pages

Buy now!
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