Mahabharata [sanskrit]

699,462 words | ISBN-10: 812150094X | ISBN-13: 9788121500944

The Sanskrit edition of the Mahabharata, one of the largest epic poems ever written, consisting of 100,000 metrical verses. Consisting of 18 books, the Mahabharata details the history and legends concerning ancient India (Bharata), including a major battle campaign involving the Kauravas and the Pandavas, also known as the Kurukshetra War. This portion also contains the Bhagavad-Gita. Alternative titles: Mahābhārata (महाभारत).

Verse 3.40.40

ततोऽर्जुनो ग्रस्तधनुः खड्गपाणिरतिष्ठत ।
युद्धस्यान्तमभीप्सन्वै वेगेनाभिजगाम तम् ॥ ४० ॥

tato'rjuno grastadhanuḥ khaḍgapāṇiratiṣṭhata |
yuddhasyāntamabhīpsanvai vegenābhijagāma tam || 40 ||

Note! The following is not a direct translation of the verse, but merely an approximate preview.

...descend on the earth. Taking you, O Kaurava, to heaven, I will grant you there all my celestial weapons.'" "Beholding those protectors of the worlds assembled together on the heights...

English translation by Kisari Mohan Ganguly (2013) Read online Buy now!

Glossary of Sanskrit terms

Note: This extracts Sanskrit terms and links to English definitions from the glossary, based on an experimental segmentation of verse (3.40.40). Some terms could be superfluous while some might not be mentioned. Click on the word to show English definitions.

Tatah, Tad, Tata, Arjuna, Grasta, Dhanu, Dhanus, Khadgapani, Yuddha, Antama, Bha, Ipsat, Vega, Abhija, Gama,

Analysis of Sanskrit grammar

Note: this is an experimental feature and only shows the first possible analysis of the Sanskrit text (Mahabharata Verse 3.40.40). If the system was successful in segmenting the sentence, you will see of which words it is made up of, generally consisting of Nouns, Pronouns, Verbs, Participles and Indeclinables. Click on the link to show all possible derivations of the word.

  • Line 1: “tato'rjuno grastadhanuḥ khaḍgapāṇiratiṣṭhata
  • tato' -
  • tataḥ (indeclinable adverb)
    [indeclinable adverb]
    tataḥ (indeclinable correlative)
    [indeclinable correlative]
    tataḥ (indeclinable)
    tad (noun, neuter)
    [ablative single], [ablative dual], [ablative plural]
    tata (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single]
    tan -> tata (participle, masculine)
    [nominative single from √tan class 8 verb]
    sa (noun, masculine)
    [ablative single], [ablative dual], [ablative plural]
    (noun, feminine)
    [ablative single], [ablative dual], [ablative plural]
  • arjuno* -
  • arjuna (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single]
  • grasta -
  • grasta (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    grasta (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    gras -> grasta (participle, masculine)
    [vocative single from √gras class 1 verb]
    gras -> grasta (participle, neuter)
    [vocative single from √gras class 1 verb]
  • dhanuḥ -
  • dhanus (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [adverb], [nominative single], [vocative single], [accusative single]
    dhanu (noun, feminine)
    [nominative single]
    dhanu (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single]
  • khaḍgapāṇir -
  • khaḍgapāṇi (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single]
    khaḍgapāṇi (noun, feminine)
    [nominative single]
  • atiṣṭhata -
  • sthā (verb class 1)
    [imperfect active second plural], [imperfect middle third single]
  • Line 2: “yuddhasyāntamabhīpsanvai vegenābhijagāma tam
  • yuddhasyā -
  • yuddha (noun, masculine)
    [genitive single]
    yuddha (noun, neuter)
    [genitive single]
    yudh -> yuddha (participle, masculine)
    [genitive single from √yudh class 1 verb], [genitive single from √yudh class 4 verb]
    yudh -> yuddha (participle, neuter)
    [genitive single from √yudh class 1 verb], [genitive single from √yudh class 4 verb]
  • antama -
  • antama (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    antama (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]
  • bhī -
  • bhī (noun, feminine)
    [compound], [adverb]
    bhā (noun, masculine)
    [locative single]
  • īpsan -
  • āp -> īpsat (participle, masculine)
    [nominative single from √āp], [vocative single from √āp]
  • vai -
  • (verb class 1)
    [present middle first single], [imperative middle first single]
  • vegenā -
  • vega (noun, masculine)
    [instrumental single]
  • abhija -
  • abhija (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    abhija (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]
  • gāma -
  • gāma (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    gāma (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    (verb class 2)
    [imperative active first plural], [injunctive active first plural]
    (verb class 3)
    [injunctive active first plural]
    (verb class 2)
    [imperative active first plural]
  • tam -
  • ta (noun, masculine)
    [adverb], [accusative single]
    ta (noun, neuter)
    [adverb], [nominative single], [accusative single]
    (noun, feminine)
    tan (noun, masculine)
    sa (noun, masculine)
    [accusative single]

Other editions:

Also see the following editions of the Sanskrit text or (alternative) English translations of the Mahabharata Verse 3.40.40

Cover of edition (2013)

The complete Mahabharata (12 Volumes)
by Kisari Mohan Ganguly (2013)

4900 pages; [Publisher: Munshiram Manoharlal Publishers Pvt. Ltd.] ISBN: ‎ 812150094X or 9788121500944;

Buy now!
Cover of edition (2003)

The Mahabharata in Kannada (Set of 32 Volumes)
by Bharatha Darshana Bangalore (2003)

ಶ್ರೇಮಹಭಾರತ [ಮಹಾಭಾರತ]; 13907 pages;

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Preview of verse 3.40.40 in Kannada sript:
ತತೋಽರ್ಜುನೋ ಗ್ರಸ್ತಧನುಃ ಖಡ್ಗಪಾಣಿರತಿಷ್ಠತ ।
ಯುದ್ಧಸ್ಯಾನ್ತಮಭೀಪ್ಸನ್ವೈ ವೇಗೇನಾಭಿಜಗಾಮ ತಮ್ ॥ ೪೦ ॥

Cover of edition (2008)

The Complete Mahabharata (9 volumes)
by M. N. Dutt (2008)

6415 pages; Sanskrit Text with English Translation; [Edited By: Dr. Ishwar Chandra Sharma & Dr. O.N. Bimali] [Publisher: Parimal Publication Pvt. Ltd.]

Buy now!
Cover of edition (2017)

Mahabharata (Hindi Translation, Six Volumes)
by Sahityacharya Pandit Ramnarayandutt Shastri Pandey "Ram" (2017)

7350 pages; [महाभारत] [Publisher: Gita Press, Gorakhpur] 44 Color and Black/white illustrations.

Buy now!
Cover of Bengali edition

The Mahabharata in Bengali (Two Volumes)
by Akshay Library, Kolkata (2019)

3049 pages; [মহাভারত] [মহার্ষী বদভ্যাস (Maharishi Vedvyas)]

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Preview of verse 3.40.40 in Bengali sript:
ততোঽর্জুনো গ্রস্তধনুঃ খড্গপাণিরতিষ্ঠত ।
যুদ্ধস্যান্তমভীপ্সন্বৈ বেগেনাভিজগাম তম্ ॥ ৪০ ॥

Cover of Gujarati edition

Mahabharat in Gujarati (20 Volumes)
by Dinkar Joshi (દિનકર જોશી) (2010)

14252 pages; [મહાભારત] [Publisher: Pravin Prakashan Pvt. Ltd, Rajkot]

Buy now!

Preview of verse 3.40.40 in Gujarati sript:
તતોઽર્જુનો ગ્રસ્તધનુઃ ખડ્ગપાણિરતિષ્ઠત ।
યુદ્ધસ્યાન્તમભીપ્સન્વૈ વેગેનાભિજગામ તમ્ ॥ ૪૦ ॥

Cover of edition (2018)

Shri Mahabharatam in Malayalam (2 volumes)
by Swami Mridananda (2018)

1681 pages; [Publisher: Ramakrishna Math, Thrissur]

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Preview of verse 3.40.40 in Malayalam sript:
തതോഽര്ജുനോ ഗ്രസ്തധനുഃ ഖഡ്ഗപാണിരതിഷ്ഠത ।
യുദ്ധസ്യാന്തമഭീപ്സന്വൈ വേഗേനാഭിജഗാമ തമ് ॥ ൪൦ ॥

Cover of edition (2018)

Mahabharata in Telugu (7 Volumes)
by Gita Press, Gorakhpur (2018)


Buy now!

Preview of verse 3.40.40 in Telugu sript:
తతోఽర్జునో గ్రస్తధనుః ఖడ్గపాణిరతిష్ఠత ।
యుద్ధస్యాన్తమభీప్సన్వై వేగేనాభిజగామ తమ్ ॥ ౪౦ ॥

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