Una, Ūnā, Ūna: 21 definitions

Introduction:

Una means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Buddhism, Pali, the history of ancient India, Marathi, Jainism, Prakrit, Hindi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Vyakarana (Sanskrit grammar)

Source: Wikisource: A dictionary of Sanskrit grammar

Ūna (ऊन).—Deficient, wanting; often in compounds e.g. पादोन, ह्यून, एकोन (pādona, hyūna, ekona); cf. व्यूहैः संपत्समीक्ष्योने (vyūhaiḥ saṃpatsamīkṣyone) R. Pr. VIII. 28; एकह्यूनाधिकता सैव निवृदूनाधिका भुरिक् (ekahyūnādhikatā saiva nivṛdūnādhikā bhurik) R. Pr. XVII.1.

context information

Vyakarana (व्याकरण, vyākaraṇa) refers to Sanskrit grammar and represents one of the six additional sciences (vedanga) to be studied along with the Vedas. Vyakarana concerns itself with the rules of Sanskrit grammar and linguistic analysis in order to establish the correct context of words and sentences.

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Jyotisha (astronomy and astrology)

Source: Wisdom Library: Brihat Samhita by Varahamihira

Ūna (ऊन) refers to a “good” [?] (condition of the world), according to the Bṛhatsaṃhitā (chapter 9), an encyclopedic Sanskrit work written by Varāhamihira mainly focusing on the science of ancient Indian astronomy astronomy (Jyotiṣa).—Accordingly, “If Venus (śukra) should either disappear or reappear in a northern Vīthi there will be prosperity and happiness in the land; if in a central Vīthi there will not be much of either; and if in a southern Vīthi mankind will be afflicted with miseries. If Venus should disappear or reappear in the several Vīthis beginning from the northernmost one, the condition of the world will respectively be—1. Very excellent, 2. Excellent, 3. Good [i.e., ūna]. 4. Fair, 5. Moderate, 6. Tolerable, 7. Poor, 8. Very poor, 9. Miserable”.

Jyotisha book cover
context information

Jyotisha (ज्योतिष, jyotiṣa or jyotish) refers to ‘astronomy’ or “Vedic astrology” and represents the fifth of the six Vedangas (additional sciences to be studied along with the Vedas). Jyotisha concerns itself with the study and prediction of the movements of celestial bodies, in order to calculate the auspicious time for rituals and ceremonies.

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India history and geography

Source: Jainworld: Jain History (h)

Ūnā, situated in Junagarh District is dedicated to Ādinātha, It was known as Unnatapura. It is mentioned in the fourteenth century work of Vinayavijaya called Tīrthamāla.

India history book cover
context information

The history of India traces the identification of countries, villages, towns and other regions of India, as well as royal dynasties, rulers, tribes, local festivities and traditions and regional languages. Ancient India enjoyed religious freedom and encourages the path of Dharma, a concept common to Buddhism, Hinduism, and Jainism.

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Languages of India and abroad

Pali-English dictionary

Source: BuddhaSasana: Concise Pali-English Dictionary

ūna : (adj.) less; minus; wanting; deficient.

Source: Sutta: The Pali Text Society's Pali-English Dictionary

Ūna, (adj.) (Vedic ūna; cp. Av. ūna, Gr. eu)_nis, Lat. vāpus, Goth. wans, Ags. won = E. want) wanting, deficient, less M. II, 73; J. V, 330; DhA. I, 77; DhA. IV, 210. Mostly adverbially with numerals = one less, but one, minus (one or two); usually with eka (as ekūna one less, e.g. ekūna-aṭṭhasataṃ (799) J. I, 57; ekūna-pañcasate KhA 91, ekūna-vīsati (19) Vism. 287; eken’ūnesu pañcasu attabhāvasatesu (499) J. I, 167; also with eka in Instr. as eken’ūnapañcasatāni (deficient by one) Vin. II, 285; KhA 91; sometimes without eka, e.g. ūnapañcasatāni (499) Vin. III, 284; ūnavīsati (19) Vin. IV, 130, 148. With “two” less: dvīhi ūnaṃ sahassaṃ (998) J. I, 255.—anūna not deficient, complete PvA. 285 (= paripuṇṇa).

Pali book cover
context information

Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.

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Marathi-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

uṇā (उणा).—a (ūna S) Deficient or scanty; less than the just number or quantity; falling short of. 2 Defective; wanting the just quantity. 3 Wanting or absent; required to complete. 4 Inferior; lower in value or excellency. 5 Low or mean; unbecoming one's station or character.

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ūna (ऊन) [or ऊन्ह, ūnha].—n (uṣṇa S) Heat (of the sun's rays); sunshine. ū0 khāṇēṃ To get heated (from exposure to the sun). ū0 tāvaṇēṃ To be hot; to strike hot.

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ūna (ऊन).—a S Deficient, wanting, less than the just quantity or number.

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ūna (ऊन).—a (uṣṇa S) Hot: also warm.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English

uṇā (उणा).—a Scanty; defective; wanting. In- ferior in value or excellence.

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ūna (ऊन) [-nha, -न्ह].—n Heat; sunshine. a Hot. ūna khāṇēṃ Get heated (from exposure to the sun). ūna tāvaṇēṃ to be hot, to strike hot.

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ūna (ऊन).—a Deficient, wanting.

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Ūna (ऊन).—a. [ūn-hānau ac Uṇ.3.2]

1) Wanting, deficient, defective; किंचिदूनमनूनर्धेः शरदामयुतं ययौ (kiṃcidūnamanūnardheḥ śaradāmayutaṃ yayau) R.1.1; incomplete, insufficient.

2) Less than (in number, size or degree); ऊनद्विवर्षं निखनत् (ūnadvivarṣaṃ nikhanat) Y.3.1 less than two years old; ऊन वाभ्यधिकं वापि (ūna vābhyadhikaṃ vāpi) Y.2.295.

3) Fewer, smaller.

4) Weaker, inferior; ऊनं न सत्त्वेष्वधिको बबाधे (ūnaṃ na sattveṣvadhiko babādhe) R.2.14; Ms.9.123.

5) Minus (in this sense used with numerals); एकोन (ekona) less by one; °विंशतिः (viṃśatiḥ) 2 minus 1 = 19; so °त्रिंशत् (triṃśat) 29; °पञ्चाशत् (pañcāśat) 49; अष्टोनं शतम् (aṣṭonaṃ śatam) 1 minus 8 = 92.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Edgerton Buddhist Hybrid Sanskrit Dictionary

Ūñā (ऊञा) or Ūjñā.—(*), or *ūṇā (Sanskrit avajñā), see s.v. ujña-ka.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Uṇa (उण).—mfn.

(-ṇaḥ-ṇā-ṇaṃ) 1. Hot, warm. 2. Pungent, acrid. 3. Sharp, active. 4. Impetuous, warm, passionate. m.

(-ṣṇaḥ) 1. The hot season, (June and July.) 2. Heat, warmth. 3. Sunshine. 4. An onion. 5. A sigh. f.

(-ṇā) 1. Consumption. 2. Bile. E. uṣ to burn, ṇak aff.

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Ūna (ऊन).—mfn.

(-naḥ-nā-naṃ) Less in number, size or degree, as fewer, smaller, inferior, &c. E. ūna to deduct, &c. affix ka.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Ūna (ऊन).— (probably for van + na from van = [Gothic.] van, vans: cf. [Old High German.] wênag, few, perhaps etc.), adj., f. . 1. Lessened, [Yājñavalkya, (ed. Stenzler.)] 2, 295. 2. Inferior, [Mānavadharmaśāstra] 9, 123. 3. Wanting, usually as former or latter part of a comp., e. g. alpa-, adj. Wanting, a little, [Mānavadharmaśāstra] 8, 217. kiṃcid-, adj. A little less, [Sāvitryupākhyāna] 4, 26. tri-bhāga-, adj. Reduced by a third, [Rājataraṅgiṇī] 5, 170. daśona, i. e. daśan-, adj. Wanting ten, [Rāmāyaṇa] 1, 46, 12. If one only is wanting, eka may be added, e. g. ekonacatvāriṃśa, i. e. eka-ūna-, ord. The thirty-ninth, Mahābhārata 1, [adhyāya.] 39, but usually it is dropped, e. g. ūna viṃśa, ord. The nineteenth, Mahābhārata 3, [adhyāya.] 19. As former part, e. g. ūna-dvi -vārṣika (i. e. -dvi-varṣa + ika), adj. A child under two years, [Mānavadharmaśāstra] 5, 68; ūna-ṣoḍaśavarṣa (i. e. -ṣaṣ-daśan -varṣa), adj. Under sixteen years, [Rāmāyaṇa] 1, 22, 2.

— Cf. probably [Latin] un-, or unde-, e. g. in unde-viginti = ūna -viṃśati.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Ūna (ऊन).—[adjective] wanting, incomplete; inferior to, less than ([ablative] or —°); less by ([instrumental] or —°); °— in numerals = ekona, i.e. minus one.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Ūna (ऊन):—mfn. (√av, [Uṇādi-sūtra iii, 2]; ? cf. [Zend] ūna), wanting, deficient, defective, short of the right quantity, less than the right number, not sufficient

2) less (in number, size, or degree), minus, fewer, smaller, inferior, [Atharva-veda x, 8, 15; 44; xii, 1, 61; Taittirīya-saṃhitā; Śatapatha-brāhmaṇa; Manu-smṛti; Raghuvaṃśa] etc.

3) less than (with [ablative] e.g. lakṣād ūna, less than a Lakṣa, [Kathāsaritsāgara liii, 10]; or ifc. e.g. tad-ūna, inferior to that one, [Manu-smṛti ix, 123]), less by (with [instrumental case] e.g. dvābhyām ūna, less by two, [Śatapatha-brāhmaṇa xi]; or ifc. e.g. alpona, less by a little, a little less, [Manu-smṛti]; pañcona, less by five etc.)

4) less by one (prefixed to decimals from twenty up to one hundred, e.g. ūna-viṃśa = ekona-viṃśa, the twentieth minus one, the nineteenth).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Ūna (ऊन):—(kata) ūnayati 10. a. To deduct or lessen; to measure.

2) [(naḥ-nā-naṃ) a.] Less, fewer.

Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary (S)

Ūna (ऊन) in the Sanskrit language is related to the Prakrit word: Ūṇa.

[Sanskrit to German]

Una in German

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Hindi dictionary

Source: DDSA: A practical Hindi-English dictionary

1) Una (उन):—(pvo) those, the oblique plural form of [vaha] (see); [uṃhīṃ pairoṃ lauṭa jānā] (said of person) to return without a stop/even a moment’s pause.

2) Ūna (ऊन) [Also spelled un]:—(nf, also nm) wool; (a) less (than), small; —[kī dūna māranā] to exaggerate no end.

context information

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Prakrit-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary

1) Uṇa (उण) in the Prakrit language is related to the Sanskrit word: Ṛṇa.

2) Ūṇa (ऊण) also relates to the Sanskrit word: Ūna.

3) Ūṇa (ऊण) also relates to the Sanskrit word: Ṛṇa.

context information

Prakrit is an ancient language closely associated with both Pali and Sanskrit. Jain literature is often composed in this language or sub-dialects, such as the Agamas and their commentaries which are written in Ardhamagadhi and Maharashtri Prakrit. The earliest extant texts can be dated to as early as the 4th century BCE although core portions might be older.

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Kannada-English dictionary

Source: Alar: Kannada-English corpus

Ūṇa (ಊಣ):—[noun] anything that is consumed as food.

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Ūṇa (ಊಣ):—[noun] = ಊಣೆಯ [uneya].

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Ūna (ಊನ):—

1) [noun] the quality or state of being deficient; absence of something essential; incompleteness; defect or defectiveness; deficiency.

2) [noun] crippledom; disablement in the body; maimedness.

context information

Kannada is a Dravidian language (as opposed to the Indo-European language family) mainly spoken in the southwestern region of India.

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