Parangata, Paramgata, Pāraṃgata, Pāraṅgata: 11 definitions

Introduction:

Parangata means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit, Marathi, Hindi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Pancaratra (worship of Nārāyaṇa)

Source: archive.org: Catalogue of Pancaratra Agama Texts

Pāraṅgata (पारङ्गत) refers to “one who has advanced knowledge” (e.g., of Tantric lore), as discussed in the first chapter of the Kapiñjalasaṃhitā: a Pāñcarātra work consisting of 1550 verses dealing with a variety of topics such as worship in a temple, choosing an Ācārya, architecture, town-planning and iconography.—Description of the chapter [tantra-pāraṅgata-kīrtana]:—The scene is Kapiñjala’s hermitage on Mount Meru, where Kaśyapa comes to learn from the great sage Kapiñjala about Pāñcarātra. He has already studied the Vedas, Śāstras, etc., and now wants to know how to worship the Lord in His image form (1-9). [...]

Pancaratra book cover
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Pancaratra (पाञ्चरात्र, pāñcarātra) represents a tradition of Hinduism where Narayana is revered and worshipped. Closeley related to Vaishnavism, the Pancaratra literature includes various Agamas and tantras incorporating many Vaishnava philosophies.

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Ganitashastra (Mathematics and Algebra)

Source: Cambridge Core: The ‘Early Medieval’ Origins of India (math)

Pāraṅgata (पारङ्गत) refers to “one who is well-versed (in the six schools of thought)”, according to the Sundararājapraśnottara by Sundararāja.—The so-called Kerala School of Mathematics had its beginnings traceable to Ilaṅṅippaḷḷi Mādhavan, who lived in the latter half of the fourteenth century and the early decades of the fifteenth. Works containing his thesis on the infinite series have not survived. We learn of them only from accounts of his successors, especially Nīlakaṇṭha Somayāji and Jyeṣṭhadevan Mādhavan’s disciple, Vaḍaśśeri Parameśvaran, was a prolific writer. [...] That Nīlakaṇṭha Somayāji was a contemporary of the Tamil Nadu astronomer Sundararāja is evident from the Sundararājapraśnottara, which answers a set of questions raised by the latter. Sundararāja referred to the Somayāji as the one versed in the six schools of thought (ṣaḍdarśanī-pāraṅgata) .

Ganitashastra book cover
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Ganitashastra (शिल्पशास्त्र, gaṇitaśāstra) refers to the ancient Indian science of mathematics, algebra, number theory, arithmetic, etc. Closely allied with astronomy, both were commonly taught and studied in universities, even since the 1st millennium BCE. Ganita-shastra also includes ritualistic math-books such as the Shulba-sutras.

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In Buddhism

Mahayana (major branch of Buddhism)

[«previous next»] — Parangata in Mahayana glossary
Source: Wisdom Library: Maha Prajnaparamita Sastra

1) Pāraṃgata (पारंगत) refers to “one has reached the other shore”, according to  the 2nd century Mahāprajñāpāramitāśāstra chapter 10.—[Cf. Bodhisattva quality 10: gambhīradharmakṣāntipāramgataiḥ]—Accordingly, Seeing that the true nature of dharmas is neither empty (śūnya) nor non-empty (aśūnya), neither existent (sat) nor non-existent (asat), and penetrating deeply into this doctrine without deviations or blockage, this is what is called “having crossed over to the other shore of the acquiescence relating to profound dharmas” (gambhīradharma-kṣānti-pāraṃgata). Pāraṃgata (in Chinese, tou) means “having obtained” the gambhīradharma. When [this acquiescence] is full, complete and without obstacle (asaṅga), one has “reached the other shore” (pāraṃgata).

2) Pāraṃgata (पारंगत) is synonymous with koṭigata, according to the Mahāniddesa, I, p. 20.—Allusion to the canonical saying: Tiṇṇo pāraṃgato thale tiṭṭhati brāhmaṇo: “Having crossed over and attained the other shore, the brāhmaṇa is on solid ground” (Anguttara, II, p. 5–6; IV, p. 11–13; Saṃyutta, IV, p. 157, 174–175; Itivuttaka, p. 57). In this saying, brāhmaṇa means arahata, and pāraṃgata is synonymous with koṭigata (cf. Mahāniddesa, I, p. 20).

Mahayana book cover
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Mahayana (महायान, mahāyāna) is a major branch of Buddhism focusing on the path of a Bodhisattva (spiritual aspirants/ enlightened beings). Extant literature is vast and primarely composed in the Sanskrit language. There are many sūtras of which some of the earliest are the various Prajñāpāramitā sūtras.

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Languages of India and abroad

Pali-English dictionary

[«previous next»] — Parangata in Pali glossary
Source: BuddhaSasana: Concise Pali-English Dictionary

pāraṅgata : (adj.) gone beyond; passed; crossed.

Pali book cover
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Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.

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Marathi-English dictionary

[«previous next»] — Parangata in Marathi glossary
Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

pāraṅgata (पारंगत).—a (S pāra End, gata Gone. Gone to the bottom of.) Thoroughly versed in; deeply skilled; adept, proficient.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English

pāraṅgata (पारंगत).—a Thoroughly versed in. Profi- cient.

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Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit dictionary

[«previous next»] — Parangata in Sanskrit glossary
Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Edgerton Buddhist Hybrid Sanskrit Dictionary

Pāraṃgata (पारंगत).—(1) name of a former Buddha: Mahāvastu iii.231.7; (2) name of a Bodhisattva: Gaṇḍavyūha 442.1.

Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary (S)

Pāraṃgata (पारंगत) in the Sanskrit language is related to the Prakrit word: Pāraṃgaya.

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Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Hindi dictionary

[«previous next»] — Parangata in Hindi glossary
Source: DDSA: A practical Hindi-English dictionary

Pāraṃgata (पारंगत) [Also spelled parangat]:—(a) adept, expert; well-versed, well-conversant; learned (in a subject); hence ~[tatā, ~ti] (nf).

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Kannada-English dictionary

[«previous next»] — Parangata in Kannada glossary
Source: Alar: Kannada-English corpus

Pāraṃgata (ಪಾರಂಗತ):—[adjective] having or showing much knowledge, accuracy, and critical ability; scholarly.

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Pāraṃgata (ಪಾರಂಗತ):—[noun] a learned man; a scholar.

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Kannada is a Dravidian language (as opposed to the Indo-European language family) mainly spoken in the southwestern region of India.

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Nepali dictionary

[«previous next»] — Parangata in Nepali glossary
Source: unoes: Nepali-English Dictionary

Pāraṅgata (पारङ्गत):—adj. 1. crossing over; ferrying across; 2. (person) completely mastered anything; completely familiar or conservant with; 3. profoundly learned; well-versed; expert;

context information

Nepali is the primary language of the Nepalese people counting almost 20 million native speakers. The country of Nepal is situated in the Himalaya mountain range to the north of India.

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