Paraga, aka: Parāga, Pāragā, Pāraga, Para-ga; 8 Definition(s)


Paraga means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Ayurveda (science of life)

Parāga (पराग) refers to the “pollen” of flowers, as mentioned in a list of five synonyms, according to the second chapter (dharaṇyādi-varga) of the 13th-century Raj Nighantu or Rājanighaṇṭu (an Ayurvedic encyclopedia). The Dharaṇyādi-varga covers the lands, soil, mountains, jungles and vegetation’s relations between trees [viz., Parāga] and plants and substances, with their various kinds.

Source: Wisdom Library: Raj Nighantu
Ayurveda book cover
context information

Āyurveda (आयुर्वेद, ayurveda) is a branch of Indian science dealing with medicine, herbalism, taxology, anatomy, surgery, alchemy and related topics. Traditional practice of Āyurveda in ancient India dates back to at least the first millenium BC. Literature is commonly written in Sanskrit using various poetic metres.

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In Buddhism

Theravada (major branch of Buddhism)

A class of devas. D.ii.260.

Source: Pali Kanon: Pali Proper Names
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Theravāda is a major branch of Buddhism having the the Pali canon (tipitaka) as their canonical literature, which includes the vinaya-pitaka (monastic rules), the sutta-pitaka (Buddhist sermons) and the abhidhamma-pitaka (philosophy and psychology).

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Mahayana (major branch of Buddhism)

Pāraga (पारग) is a synonym for the Buddha according to the 2nd century Mahāprajñāpāramitāśāstra (chapter IV). Po lo k’ie (Pāraga) in the language of Ts’in means “having reached the other bank”.

Source: Wisdom Library: Maha Prajnaparamita Sastra
Mahayana book cover
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Mahayana (महायान, mahāyāna) is a major branch of Buddhism focusing on the path of a Bodhisattva (spiritual aspirants/ enlightened beings). Extant literature is vast and primarely composed in the Sanskrit language. There are many sūtras of which some of the earliest are the various Prajñāpāramitā sūtras.

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Languages of India and abroad

Marathi-English dictionary

parāga (पराग).—m (S) The pollen or farina of a flower.

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

parāga (पराग).—m The pollen of a flower.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English
context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit-English dictionary

Parāga (पराग).—

1) The pollen of a flower; स्फुटपरागपरागतपङ्कजम् (sphuṭaparāgaparāgatapaṅkajam) Śi.6.2; Amaru.54.

2) Dust in general; प्रतापोऽग्रे ततः शब्दः परागस्तदनन्तरम् (pratāpo'gre tataḥ śabdaḥ parāgastadanantaram) R.4.3.

3) Fragrant power used after bathing.

4) Sandal.

5) An eclipse of the sun or moon.

6) Fame, celebrity.

7) Independence, self-will.

8) Medicinal powder; Mātaṅga L.11.28.

9) Powder; कायेऽपि कर्पूरपरागपूरः (kāye'pi karpūraparāgapūraḥ) Mv.7.17.

Derivable forms: parāgaḥ (परागः).

--- OR ---

Parāga (पराग).—1 P.

1) To return; तदयं परागत एवास्मि (tadayaṃ parāgata evāsmi) U.5.

2) To surround, encompass, pervade; स्फुटपरागपरागत- पङ्कजम् (sphuṭaparāgaparāgata- paṅkajam) Śi.6.2.

3) Ved. To go away, depart.

4) To die.

Derivable forms: parāgam (परागम्).

--- OR ---

Pāraga (पारग).—a.

1) crossing over, ferrying across.

2) one who has gone to the end of, one who has completely mastered anything, completely familiar of conversant with (with gen. or in comp.); वेदपारगः (vedapāragaḥ) Ms.2.148; Y.1.111.

3) profoundly learned.

-gam keeping, fulfilling (of a promise).

Pāraga is a Sanskrit compound consisting of the terms pāra and ga (ग).

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Parāga (पराग).—m.

(-gaḥ) 1. The pollen or farina of a flower. 2. Dust. 3. Fragrant powder used after bathing. 4. Sandal. 5. The name of a mountain. 6. Fame, celebrity. 7. An eclipse of the sun or moon. 8. Following one’s own inclinations. E. parā implying supremacy, &c. and ga who goes, ḍa aff.

--- OR ---

Pāraga (पारग).—mfn.

(-gaḥ-gā-gaṃ) 1. Crossing, crossing over. 2. Going over or beyond the world. 3. Completely familiar or conversant with. 4. Profoundly learned. E. pāra the opposite bank, and ga who goes.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary
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Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family. Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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