Mayarasa, Māyārasa, Maya-rasa: 1 definition



Mayarasa means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Natyashastra (theatrics and dramaturgy)

Source: Shodhganga: The Kavyavilasa of Ciranjiva Bhattacarya (natyashastra)

Māyārasa (मायारस) refers to the “sentiment of illusion” as defined by Cirañjīva Bhaṭṭācārya (fl. 17th century).After the discussion of the particular colours and the presiding deities of various rasas, Cirañjīva enters into the controversy of māyārasa (the sentiment of illusion). Cirañjīva has referred Bhānudatta’s views that the basic feeling of māyā-rasa is false knowledge (mithyājñāna), the excitants (vibhāva) are worldly enjoyments, the ensuants (anubhāva) are the sons, wife and conquest of kingdom etc. and the variants are mental desires.

Example of the sentiment of illusion (māyārasa):—

bālālāṭī gambhoruharabhasakarī vāpikā kā’pi kāntā talpaṃ candrānukalpaṃ prakaṭayati mithaḥ kāminīkāmanītam |
rupaṃ kāmānurūpaṃ maṇimayabhavanaṃ bandhuraṃ bandhuraṅgo loke lokeśa kasya tvamasi na bhuvane sarvadā sarvadātā ||

“The glance of a damsel of the lāṭa region, the lake which causes to swing the lotuses, some wife preparing the moonlike (white and soft) bed, the lustful woman expressing both lovedaliance and grace which is befitting with amorous feeling, the high and low residences full of jewels, the love of friendly persons etc.—Oh! the lord of earth! whom you do not offer always all these things in this world”.

Cirañjīva has criticised the view of Bhānudatta on māyārasa without mentioning his name. According to Cirañjīva, the concept of māyārasa is not beyond criticism. According to the vedānta philosophy māyā, avidyā, ajñāna and adhyāsa are all synonymous. Cirañjīva holds the view that this avidyā or māyā cannot be taken to be manifested into rasa as it has no beginning and it is not produced where as so called all the rasas under go production.

Natyashastra book cover
context information

Natyashastra (नाट्यशास्त्र, nāṭyaśāstra) refers to both the ancient Indian tradition (śāstra) of performing arts, (nāṭya, e.g., theatrics, drama, dance, music), as well as the name of a Sanskrit work dealing with these subjects. It also teaches the rules for composing dramatic plays (nataka) and poetic works (kavya).

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