Caturvaktra-Surya, Caturvaktra-Sūrya: 1 definition



Caturvaktra-Surya means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Shaivism (Shaiva philosophy)

[«previous next»] — Caturvaktra-Surya in Shaivism glossary
Source: murugan: Trimurti Orientation in Medieval South Indian Temples

According to the Śāradātilaka, quoted in Śrītatvanidhi (II,5:2), there is a form of polycephalous Sūrya, called Caturvaktra-Sūrya. He is endowed with astabhuja-s; holding the khatvānga, padma, cakra, śakti, pāśa, ankuśa, japamālā and kapūla. He is trinetra and attended by his wives, Chāyā and Usā. He wears the sakalābharana-s, including ratna krita and ornaments inlaid with diamonds and has the body shining like gold. What is important in this form is that the laksana-s, characteristic of Sūrya (padma), Brahmā (aksamālā), Visnu (cakra) and Śiva (khatvanga and kapāla) merge into an entity to constitute the four-faced Sun-God. So, this aspect of Sūrya is viewed as an amśa of several gods of whom one is Brahmā.

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Shaiva (शैव, śaiva) or Shaivism (śaivism) represents a tradition of Hinduism worshiping Shiva as the supreme being. Closely related to Shaktism, Shaiva literature includes a range of scriptures, including Tantras, while the root of this tradition may be traced back to the ancient Vedas.

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