Bhumideva, aka: Bhumi-deva, Bhūmideva; 3 Definition(s)

Introduction

Bhumideva means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Dharmashastra (religious law)

[Bhumideva in Dharmashastra glossaries]

Bhūmideva (भूमिदेव) translates to “gods of earth”. Bhūmideva are Brāhmaṇas (the sacrificial priests), according to a note in the Mitākṣarā 3.224. Also see the relevant verse Manusmṛti 11.82.

(Source): Google Books: Manusmṛti with the Manubhāṣya
Dharmashastra book cover
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Dharmashastra (धर्मशास्त्र, dharmaśāstra) contains the instructions (shastra) regarding religious conduct of livelihood (dharma), ceremonies, jurisprudence (study of law) and more. It is categorized as smriti, an important and authoritative selection of books dealing with the Hindu lifestyle.

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In Buddhism

Mahayana (major branch of Buddhism)

[Bhumideva in Mahayana glossaries]

Bhūmideva (भूमिदेव) is the name of a Buddha under whom Śākyamuni (or Gautama, ‘the historical Buddha’) acquired merit along the first through nine bhūmis, according to the Mahāvastu. There are in total ten bhūmis representing the ten stages of the Bodhisattva’s path towards enlightenment.

Bhūmideva is but one among the 500 Buddhas enumerated in the Mahāvastu during a conversation between Mahākātyāyana and Mahākāśyapa, both principle disciples of Gautama Buddha. The Mahāvastu is an important text of the Lokottaravāda school of buddhism, dating from the 2nd century BCE.

(Source): Wisdom Library: Lokottaravāda
Mahayana book cover
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Mahayana (महायान, mahāyāna) is a major branch of Buddhism focusing on the path of a Bodhisattva (spiritual aspirants/ enlightened beings). Extant literature is vast and primarely composed in the Sanskrit language. There are many sūtras of which some of the earliest are the various Prajñāpāramitā sūtras.

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Languages of India and abroad

Sanskrit-English dictionary

[Bhumideva in Sanskrit glossaries]

Bhūmideva (भूमिदेव).—a Brāhmaṇa; शिष्ट्वा वा भूमिदेवानां नरदेवसमागमे (śiṣṭvā vā bhūmidevānāṃ naradevasamāgame) Ms.11.82.

Derivable forms: bhūmidevaḥ (भूमिदेवः).

Bhūmideva is a Sanskrit compound consisting of the terms bhūmi and deva (देव).

(Source): DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary
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Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family. Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Relevant definitions

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