Apakshala, Apakṣāla: 1 definition


Apakshala means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

The Sanskrit term Apakṣāla can be transliterated into English as Apaksala or Apakshala, using the IAST transliteration scheme (?).

Languages of India and abroad

Sanskrit dictionary

[«previous next»] — Apakshala in Sanskrit glossary
Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Edgerton Buddhist Hybrid Sanskrit Dictionary

Apakṣāla (अपक्षाल).—m., fault, defect, failing, sin: Bodhisattvabhūmi 351.17 (catvāraḥ) °lāḥ, te prahīṇā bhavanti (they are then listed; as a result of the riddance, the vihāra becomes supari- śuddha, line 21); 352.23 sarvāpakṣālāpagata-; compare Wogi- hara, Lex. 17; in Mahāvyutpatti 7069 v.l. for Kyoto ed. apakṣaṇa, q.v. (Mironov reads apakṣālaḥ, with v.l. only avakṣayaḥ); [Page043-a+ 71] Tibetan skyon, regularly = doṣa; Chin. transgression, evil; Japanese evil, calamity; Śikṣāsamuccaya 145.6 ata evodārakuśalapakṣa- vivarjanatā 'pakṣāla ity ucyate (Bendall and Rouse throwing away, but the above meaning would fit well; Tibetan ma bsruṇs pa, could mean non-observance); but according to the Kyoto ed. of Mahāvyutpatti (above), Chinese versions of Śikṣāsamuccaya prove that its text had a form of -kṣaṇ- (which is said to be phonetically reproduced in the Chin.). Bendall and Rouse compare Pali khalayati, in Jātaka (Pali) iv.205.13 (correct their reference(s)) khalayātha; commentary khalīkāraṃ pāpetvā niddhamatha. Cf. also Pali avakkhalita, mistake, offense (Critical Pali Dictionary), which is connected with Sanskrit skhal-. Is apakṣāla an unhistorical back-formation from a MIndic word related to this latter? Despite the alleged Chinese support for apakṣaṇa, it seems a questionable reading, and apak- ṣāla should probably be read, with Mironov in Mahāvyutpatti (as well as in Śikṣāsamuccaya, for which no v.l. is recorded).

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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