Akartribhava, Akartṛbhāva, Akartri-bhava: 2 definitions

Introduction:

Akartribhava means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

The Sanskrit term Akartṛbhāva can be transliterated into English as Akartrbhava or Akartribhava, using the IAST transliteration scheme (?).

In Hinduism

Samkhya (school of philosophy)

[«previous next»] — Akartribhava in Samkhya glossary
Source: Shodhganga: Prakrti and purusa in Samkhyakarika an analytical review

Akartṛbhāva (अकर्तृभाव, “non-active”) refers to “non-activeness or non-agency”:—Puruṣa is non-active because of its being anāmiśra (non-mixable), i.e. being pure consciousness in nature. The mixable objects like milk etc. (dugdhādi) are possessed of activity. Activity denotes transformation (pariṇāma). As puruṣa is anāmiśra, argues Yuktidīpikā, there is no transformation in puruṣa. Therefore, puruṣa is non-active (akartṛbhāva).

context information

Samkhya (सांख्य, Sāṃkhya) is a dualistic school of Hindu philosophy (astika) and is closeley related to the Yoga school. Samkhya philosophy accepts three pramanas (‘proofs’) only as valid means of gaining knowledge. Another important concept is their theory of evolution, revolving around prakriti (matter) and purusha (consciousness).

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Languages of India and abroad

Sanskrit dictionary

[«previous next»] — Akartribhava in Sanskrit glossary
Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Akartṛbhāva (अकर्तृभाव).—the state of non-agent; द्रष्टृत्वमकर्तृ- भावश्च (draṣṭṛtvamakartṛ- bhāvaśca) | Sāṅkhya. K.19.

Derivable forms: akartṛbhāvaḥ (अकर्तृभावः).

Akartṛbhāva is a Sanskrit compound consisting of the terms akartṛ and bhāva (भाव).

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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