Alinga, Āliṅga, Aliṅga: 13 definitions

Introduction

Introduction:

Alinga means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Buddhism, Pali, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

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In Hinduism

Shilpashastra (iconography)

Source: Wisdom Library: Śilpa-śāstra

Āliṅga (आलिङ्ग) refers to a “small rectilinear band” (attached to a major moulding). It is classified as a type of upāṅga (sub-moulds) as opposed to regular mouldings (aṃśa) commonly used in the construction of an adhiṣṭhāna (pedestal or base of a structure) or an upapīṭha (sub-structure, beneath the adhiṣṭhāna).

Shilpashastra book cover
context information

Shilpashastra (शिल्पशास्त्र, śilpaśāstra) represents the ancient Indian science (shastra) of creative arts (shilpa) such as sculpture, iconography and painting. Closely related to Vastushastra (architecture), they often share the same literature.

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Samkhya (school of philosophy)

Source: Shodhganga: Prakrti and purusa in Samkhyakarika an analytical review

1) Aliṅga (अलिङ्ग, “markless”) refers to “not a mark of anything”.—There is no subtler element than the avyakta or mūlaprakṛti of which it could be the mark. As prakṛti is not a mark of anything, so, it is called aliṅga. Dissolution does not occur in case of avyakta or mūlaprakṛti, because, avyakta or mūlaprakṛti is the subtlest element. For this reason, avyakta or mūlaprakṛti is called aliṅga. As puruṣa and prakṛti are both ultimate realities, so inference of any reality preceding these two is impossible. Naturally both puruṣa and prakṛti are aliṅga (i.e. not a mark of anything).

2) Aliṅga (अलिङ्ग, “not a mark of anything”).—Unlike the vyaktas, which merge in their respective causes in dissolution (layaṃ gacchatīti liṅgam) and depending on which as logical marks (liṅga) avyakta (prakṛti) can be inferred, puruṣa never merges in anything nor is it a logical mark (liṅga) of anything, so it is aliṅga.

context information

Samkhya (सांख्य, Sāṃkhya) is a dualistic school of Hindu philosophy (astika) and is closeley related to the Yoga school. Samkhya philosophy accepts three pramanas (‘proofs’) only as valid means of gaining knowledge. Another important concept is their theory of evolution, revolving around prakriti (matter) and purusha (consciousness).

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Vyakarana (Sanskrit grammar)

Source: Wikisource: A dictionary of Sanskrit grammar

1) Aliṅga (अलिङ्ग).—Not possessed of a definite gender; cf. अलिङ्गमसंख्यमव्ययसंज्ञं भवति (aliṅgamasaṃkhyamavyayasaṃjñaṃ bhavati) M. Bh. on I.1.38; II.4.82;

2) Aliṅga.—अलिङे ह्युष्म-दस्मदी (aliṅe hyuṣma-dasmadī) (Sid. Kau. on P.VII.2.90)

context information

Vyakarana (व्याकरण, vyākaraṇa) refers to Sanskrit grammar and represents one of the six additional sciences (vedanga) to be studied along with the Vedas. Vyakarana concerns itself with the rules of Sanskrit grammar and linguistic analysis in order to establish the correct context of words and sentences.

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Vastushastra (architecture)

Source: OpenEdition books: Architectural terms contained in Ajitāgama and Rauravāgama

Āliṅga (आलिङ्ग) refers to “net (molding) §§ 3.8, 11, 23.”.—(For paragraphs cf. Les enseignements architecturaux de l'Ajitāgama et du Rauravāgama by Bruno Dagens)

Vastushastra book cover
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Vastushastra (वास्तुशास्त्र, vāstuśāstra) refers to the ancient Indian science (shastra) of architecture (vastu), dealing with topics such architecture, sculpture, town-building, fort building and various other constructions. Vastu also deals with the philosophy of the architectural relation with the cosmic universe.

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Languages of India and abroad

Pali-English dictionary

Source: Sutta: The Pali Text Society's Pali-English Dictionary

Āliṅga, (ā + liṅg) a small drum J.V, 156 (suvaṇṇ°-tala). (Page 109)

Pali book cover
context information

Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.

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Marathi-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

āliṅga (आलिंग).—m The leathern ring at the end of the handle of a kōraḍā (ploughman's whip), receiving the tutātī or whip-thong.

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Aliṅga (अलिङ्ग).—a.

1) Having no characteristic marks, having no marks; said of the Supreme Being; एतावदुक्त्वोपरराम तन्महद्भूतं नभोलिङ्गमलिङ्गमीश्वरम् (etāvaduktvopararāma tanmahadbhūtaṃ nabholiṅgamaliṅgamīśvaram) Bhāg.1.6.26. अव्यक्तात्तु परः पुरुषो व्यापकोऽलिङ्ग एव च (avyaktāttu paraḥ puruṣo vyāpako'liṅga eva ca) Kaṭh.6.8.

2) Having bad marks.

3) (In gram.) Having no gender;

-ṅgaḥ An epithet of the Supreme Being; अलिङ्गात्प्रकृतिर्लिङ्गै- रुपालभ्यति सात्मजैः (aliṅgātprakṛtirliṅgai- rupālabhyati sātmajaiḥ) Mb.12.35.26.

-ṅgam Absence of marks.

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Āliṅga (आलिङ्ग).—

1) Embracing.

2) A kind of drum.

Derivable forms: āliṅgaḥ (आलिङ्गः).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Edgerton Buddhist Hybrid Sanskrit Dictionary

Āliṅga (आलिङ्ग).—(m. or nt.; compare next; = Pali, AMg., Sanskrit Lex. id.), a kind of drum: Mahāvastu ii.159.7 (prose) kācid āliṅgaṃ (in a series of mus. instruments); iii.70.14 (prose) mṛdaṅga- vādyeṣu āliṅgavādyeṣu; 82.3 (verse; mss. slightly corrupt).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Āliṅga (आलिङ्ग).—[ā-liṅg + a], m. Embracing, [Daśakumāracarita] in Chr. 201, 14.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Aliṅga (अलिङ्ग).—[adjective] having no mark or sign, having no gender (g).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Aliṅga (अलिङ्ग):—[=a-liṅga] n. absence of marks [commentator or commentary] on [Nyāya]

2) [v.s. ...] (mfn.) having no marks, [Nirukta, by Yāska; Muṇḍaka-upaniṣad etc.]

3) [v.s. ...] (in [grammar]) having no gender.

4) Āliṅga (आलिङ्ग):—[=ā-liṅga] [from ā-liṅg] m. a kind of drum, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

[Sanskrit to German] (Deutsch Wörterbuch)

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Böhtlingk and Roth Grosses Petersburger Wörterbuch

Aliṅga (अलिङ्ग):—1. (3. a + li) n. das Fehlen von Merkmalen [Muṇḍakopaniṣad 3, 2, 4.]

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Aliṅga (अलिङ्ग):—2. (wie eben) adj. ohne Kennzeichen, im liturg. Sinne (s. liṅga) [Yāska’s Nirukta 12, 40.] neben alakṣaṇa [MĀṆD. Upakośā] in [Weber’s Indische Studien 2, 108.] ohne entscheidendes Kennzeichen [Prātiśākha zum Atharvaveda 4, 12.] (ein Wort) ohne grammatisches Geschlecht, z. B. pañcan [Hemacandra’s Abhidhānacintāmaṇi 872,] [Scholiast] oder ein indecl. wie rahas und upāṃśu [Amarakoṣa 2, 8, 1, 23.]

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Āliṅga (आलिङ्ग):—(von āliṅg) m.

1) Umarmung [Daśakumāracarita] in [Benfey’ Chrestomathie aus Sanskritwerken 201, 14.] —

2) = āliṅgya m. Trommel [Scholiast] zu [Amarakoṣa 1, 1, 7, 5.]

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Aliṅga (अलिङ्ग):—2. keine Kennzeichen habend [Yogasūtra 1, 45. 2, 19.] [WEBER, Rāmatāpanīya Upaniṣad 338.]

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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