Manusmriti with the Commentary of Medhatithi

by Ganganatha Jha | 1920 | 1,381,940 words | ISBN-10: 8120811550

This is the English translation of the Manusmriti, which is a collection of Sanskrit verses dealing with ‘Dharma’, a collective name for human purpose, their duties and the law. Various topics will be dealt with, but this volume of the series includes 12 discourses (adhyaya). The commentary on this text by Medhatithi elaborately explains various t...

Verse 9.326 [Duties of the Vaiśya and the Śūdra]

Sanskrit text, Unicode transliteration and English translation by Ganganath Jha:

वैश्यस्तु कृतसंस्कारः कृत्वा दारपरिग्रहम् ।
वार्तायां नित्ययुक्तः स्यात् पशूनां चैव रक्षणे ॥ ३२६ ॥

vaiśyastu kṛtasaṃskāraḥ kṛtvā dāraparigraham |
vārtāyāṃ nityayuktaḥ syāt paśūnāṃ caiva rakṣaṇe || 326 ||

After having his sacraments performed, the Vaiśya shall take a wife and apply himself entirely to agriculture and the tending of catlle.—(326)


Medhātithi’s commentary (manubhāṣya):

Having his sacraments performed’—i.e., having boon duly initiated;—and after he has been married,—he shall apply himself to ‘agriculture,’ ‘vārtā—this term stands for the whole lot of business going to be described below. Details regarding this business have been expounded in the work of Bṛhaspati.—(326).


Explanatory notes by Ganganath Jha

This verse is quoted in Madanapārijāta (p. 227);—and in Parāśaramādhava (Ācāra, p. 417), which explains the term ‘vārtā’ as standing for agriculture, trade and cattle-tending;—and in Nṛsiṃhaprasāda (Āhnika 36a).


Comparative notes by various authors

(verses 9.326-333)

[See texts under 8.410-418.]

Parāśara (Ācāra, 63).—‘Profitable Business, dealing in gems, tending of cows, agriculture and trade are declared to be the means of livelihood for the Vaiśya.’

Yājñavalkya (Parāśaramādhava-Ācāra, p. 416).—‘Money-lending, agriculture, trade, and cattle-tending have been ordained for the Vaiśya.’

Varāhapurāṇa (Do.).—‘Vedic Study, sacrificing, charity money-lending, cattle-tending, tending of cows, trade and agriculture,—these the Vaiśyas do according to law.’

MahābharataAnuśāsana (Do.).—‘The Vaiśya may trade in sesamum, skins, liquids, cattle and horses.’

Mārkaṇḍeyapurāṇa (Do., p. 417).—‘Charity, Vedic Study and Sacrifice constitute the three-fold duty of the Vaiśya; trade, cattle-tending and agriculture are his means of livelihood.’

Help me keep this site Ad-Free

For over a decade, this site has never bothered you with ads. I want to keep it that way. But I humbly request your help to keep doing what I do best: provide the world with unbiased truth, wisdom and knowledge.

Let's make the world a better place together!

Like what you read? Consider supporting this website: