Brihat-samhita [sanskrit]

26,560 words

The Sanskrit text of the Brihat-samhita from the 6th-century authored by Varaha Mihira in present-day Ujjain, India. It primarily deals with astrology and astronomy but is presented as an encyclopedia of knowledge.

Chapter 3 - ādityacārādhyāyaḥ [ādityacāra-adhyāya]

[English text for this chapter is available]

āśleṣārdhāddakṣiṇamuttaramayanaṃ raverdhaniṣṭhādyam |
nūnaṃ kadā cidāsīd yenoktam pūrvaśāstreṣu || 1 ||
[Analyze grammar]

sāmpratamayanaṃ savituḥ karkaṭakādyaṃ mṛgāditaścānyat |
uktābhāvo vikṛtiḥ pratyakṣaparīkṣaṇairvyaktiḥ || 2 ||
[Analyze grammar]

dūrasthacihnavedhādudaye'stamaye'pi vā sahasrāṃśoḥ |
chāyāpraveśanirgamacihnairvā maṇḍale mahati || 3 ||
[Analyze grammar]

aprāpya makaramarko vinivṛtto hanti sāparām yāmyām |
karkaṭakamasamprāpto vinivṛttaścottarāṃ saindrīm || 4 ||
[Analyze grammar]

uttaramayanamatītya vyāvṛttaḥ kṣemasasyavṛddhikaraḥ |
prakṛtisthaścāpyevaṃ vikṛtagatirbhayakṛduṣṇāṃśuḥ || 5 ||
[Analyze grammar]

satamaskaṃ parva vinā tvaṣṭā nāmārkamaṇḍalaṃ kurute |
sa nihanti sapta bhūpān janāṃśca śastrāgnidurbhikṣaiḥ || 6 ||
[Analyze grammar]

tāmasakīlakasaṃjñā rāhusutāḥ ketavastrayastriṃśat |
varṇasthānākāraistāndṛṣṭvārke phalaṃ brūyāt || 7 ||
[Analyze grammar]

te cārkamaṇḍalagatāḥ pāpaphalāścandramaṇḍale saumyāḥ |
dhvāṅkṣakabandhapraharaṇarūpāḥ pāpāḥ śaśāṅke'pi || 8 ||
[Analyze grammar]

teṣāmudaye rūpāṇyambhaḥ kaluṣaṃ rajovṛtaṃ vyoma |
nagataruśikharāmardī saśarkaro mārutaścaṇḍaḥ || 9 ||
[vimardī]
[Analyze grammar]

ṛtuviparītāstaravo dīptā mṛgapakṣiṇo diśāṃ dāhāḥ |
nirghātamahīkampādayo bhavantyatra cotpātāḥ || 10 ||
[Analyze grammar]

na pṛthakphalāni teṣāṃ śikhikīlakarāhudarśanāni yadi |
tadudayakāraṇameṣāṃ ketvādīnām phalaṃ brūyāt || 11 ||
[Analyze grammar]

yasminyasmindeśe darśanamāyānti sūryabimbasthā |
tasmiṃstasminvyasanaṃ mahīpatīnām parijñeyam || 12 ||
[Analyze grammar]

kṣutpramlānaśarīrā munayo'pyutsṛṣṭadharmasaccaritāḥ |
nirmāṃsabālahastāḥ kṛcchreṇāyānti paradeśam || 13 ||
[paradeśān]
[Analyze grammar]

taskaraviluptavittāḥ pradīrghaniḥśvāsamukulitākṣipuṭāḥ |
santaḥ sannaśarīrāḥ śokodbhavavāṣpa ruddhadṛśaḥ || 14 ||
[bāṣpa]
[Analyze grammar]

kṣāmā jugupsamānāḥ svanṛpatiparacakrapīḍitā manujāḥ |
svanṛpaticaritaṃ karma na purā kṛtaṃ prabruvantyanye || 15 ||
[ca | parākṛtaṃ | purākṛtaṃ]
[Analyze grammar]

garbheṣvapi niṣpannā vārimuco na prabhūtavārimucaḥ |
sarito yānti tanutvaṃ kva citkvacijjāyate sasyam || 16 ||
[Analyze grammar]

daṇḍe narendramṛtyurvyādhibhayaṃ syātkabandhasaṃsthāne |
dhvāṅkṣe ca taskarabhayaṃ durbhikṣaṃ kīlake'rkasthe || 17 ||
[kavandhasaṃsthāne]
[Analyze grammar]

rājopakaraṇarūpaiśchatradhvajacāmarādibhirviddhaḥ |
rājānyatvakṛdarkaḥ sphuliṅgadhūmādibhirjanahā || 18 ||
[Analyze grammar]

eko durbhikṣakaro dvyādyāḥ syurnarapatervināśāya |
sitaraktapītakṛṣṇaistairviddho'rko'nuvarṇaghnaḥ || 19 ||
[Analyze grammar]

dvaśyante ca yataste ravibimbasyotthitā mahotpātāḥ |
āgacchati lokānāṃ tenaiva bhayaṃ pradeśena || 20 ||
[dṛśyante]
[Analyze grammar]

ūrdhvakaro divasakarastāmraḥ senāpatiṃ vināśayati |
pīto narendraputraṃ śvetastu purohitaṃ hanti || 21 ||
[Analyze grammar]

citro'tha vāpi dhūmro raviraśmirvyākulāṃ karotyūrdham |
taskaraśastranipātairyadi salilaṃ nāśu pātayati || 22 ||
[vyākulāṃ | mahīm]
[Analyze grammar]

tāmraḥ kapilo vārkaḥ śiśire harikuṅkumacchaviśca madhau |
āpāṇḍukanakavarṇo grīṣme varṣāsu śuklaśca || 23 ||
[Analyze grammar]

śaradi kamalodarābho hemante rudhirasannibhaḥ śastaḥ |
prāvṛṭkāle snigdhaḥ sarvartunibho'pi śubhadāyī || 24 ||
[Analyze grammar]

rūkṣaḥ śveto viprān raktābhaḥ kṣatriyānvināśayati |
pīto vaiśyān kṛṣṇastato aparācchubhakaraḥ snigdhaḥ || 25 ||
[Analyze grammar]

grīṣme rakto bhayakṛdvarṣāsvasitaḥ karotyanāvṛṣṭim |
hemante pīto'rkaḥ karoti na cireṇa rogabhayam || 26 ||
[acireṇa]
[Analyze grammar]

suracāpapāṭitatanurnṛpativirodhapradaḥ sahasrāṃśuḥ |
prāvṛṭkāle sadyaḥ karoti vimaladyutirvṛṣṭim || 27 ||
[Analyze grammar]

varṣākāle vṛṣṭiṃ karoti sadyaḥ śirīṣapuṣpābhaḥ |
śikhipatranibhaḥ salilaṃ na karoti dvādaśābdāni || 28 ||
[Analyze grammar]

śyāme'rke kīṭabhayaṃ bhasmanibhe bhayamuśanti paracakrāt |
yasyarkṣe sacchidrastasya vināśaḥ kṣitīśasya || 29 ||
[Analyze grammar]

śaśarudhiranibhe bhānau nabhastalasthe bhavanti saṅgrāmāḥ |
śaśisadṛśe nṛpatibadhaḥ kṣipraṃ cānyo nṛpo bhavati || 30 ||
[nṛpativaddhaḥ]
[Analyze grammar]

kṣutmārakṛt ghaṭanibhaḥ khaṇḍo janahā vidīdhitirbhayadaḥ |
toraṇarūpaḥ purahā chatranibho deśanāśāya || 31 ||
[nṛpahā]
[Analyze grammar]

dhvajacāpanibhe yuddhāni bhāskare vepane ca rūkṣe ca |
kṛṣṇā rekhā savitari yadi hanti tato nṛpaṃ sacivaḥ || 32 ||
[nṛpaṃ tataḥ]
[Analyze grammar]

dinakaramudayāstasaṃsthitamulkāśanividyuto yadā hanyuḥ |
narapatimaraṇaṃ vindyāttadānyarājapratiṣṭhā ca || 33 ||
[divasakaram | udayasaṃsthitam | pratiṣṭhāṃ]
[Analyze grammar]

pratidivasamahimakiraṇaḥ pariveṣī sandhyayordvayoratha vā |
rakto'stameti raktoditaśca bhūpaṃ karotyanyam || 34 ||
[Analyze grammar]

praharaṇasadṛśairjaladaiḥ sthagitaḥ sandhyādvaye'pi raṇakārī |
mṛgamahiṣavihagakharakarabhasadṛśarūpaiśca bhayadāyī || 35 ||
[Analyze grammar]

dinakarakarābhitāpādṛkṣamavāpnoti sumahatīm pīḍām |
bhavati tu paścācchuddhaṃ kanakamiva hutāśaparitāpāt || 36 ||
[Analyze grammar]

divasakṛtaḥ pratisūryo jalakṛdudagdakṣiṇe sthito'nilakṛt |
ubhayasthaḥ salilabhayaṃ nṛpamupari nihantyadho janahā || 37 ||
[Analyze grammar]

rudhiranibho viyatyavanipāntakaro na cirātparuṣarajo'ruṇīkṛtatanuryadi vā dinakṛt |
asitavicitranīlaparuṣo janaghātakaraḥ khagamṛgabhairavasvararutaiśca niśādyumukhe || 38 ||
[Analyze grammar]

amalavapuravakramaṇḍalaḥ sphuṭavipulāmaladīrghadīdhitiḥ |
avikṛtatanuvarṇacihnabhṛjjagati karoti śivaṃ divākaraḥ || 39 ||
[Analyze grammar]

Other editions:

Also see the following editions of the Sanskrit text or (alternative) English translations of the ādityacārādhyāyaḥ [ādityacāra-adhyāya]

Cover of edition (2001)

Brihata Samhita (Sanskrit Text with Hindi Translation)
by Pandit Achyutananda Jha (2001)

Title: बृहत्संहिता (संस्कृत एवम् हिन्दी अनुवाद); Author: वराह मिहिर (Varaha Mihir); Publisher: Chaukhambha Vidya Bhawan

Buy now!
Cover of edition (2016)

Brhatsamhita with the Commentary of Bhattotpala
by Krishna Chandra Dwivedi (2016)

Publisher: Sampurnanand Sanskrit University; 1229 pages;

Buy now!
Cover of edition (2012)

Brihat Samhita with the Commentary of Utpalapatimala of Yogisvara
by K. V. Sharma (2012)

Publisher: Rashtriya Sanskrit Sansthan, Janakpuri; 754 pages; ISBN-10; 8186111360; ISBN-13: 9788186111369

Buy now!
Cover of edition (2002)

Brihat Samhita (Hindi Translation)
by K. V. Sharma (2002)

Publisher: Sampurnanand Sanskrit University; 2359 pages; ISBN-13: 9789387890008.

Buy now!
Cover of edition (2022)

Brhat Samhita (English translation)
by N. Chidambaram Iyer (2022)

Publisher: Parimal Publication Pvt. Ltd.; 801 pages; Edited by Dr. Shrikrishna Jugnu; ISBN-10: 8171104215; ISBN-13: 9788171104215.

Buy now!
Cover of edition (2010)

Brhat Samhita (English with notes)
by M. Ramakrishna Bhat (2010)

Publisher: Motilal Banarsidas Publishers Pvt. Ltd.; 1155 pages; ISBN-10: 8120810600; ISBN-13: 9788120810600.

Buy now!
Cover of edition (2020)

Brhat Samhita (Telugu translation)
by Sishtla Umamaheswara Sharma (2020)

Publisher: Mohan Publications, Andhra Pradesh; 846 pages.

Buy now!
Cover of Gujarati edition

Brhat Samhita (Gujarati translation)
by - (2000)

Publisher: Shree Harihar Pustakalay, Surat; Author: Shri Varahamihira Acharya (શ્રી વરાહમિહીરાચાર્ય); 432 pages.

Buy now!
Cover of edition (2021)

Brhat Samhita (Kannada translation)
by Sripada Raghunatha Kulkarni (2021)

Publisher: Srinidhi Publications, Bangalore; 668 pages with illustrations.

Buy now!
Let's grow together!

I humbly request your help to keep doing what I do best: provide the world with unbiased sources, definitions and images. Your donation direclty influences the quality and quantity of knowledge, wisdom and spiritual insight the world is exposed to.

Let's make the world a better place together!

Like what you read? Consider supporting this website: