by Hermann Oldenberg | 1886 | 27,388 words

Most of the questions referring to the Grihya-sutra of Ashvalayana will be treated of more conveniently in connection with the different subjects which we shall have to discuss in our General Introduction to the Grihya-sutras. Alternative titles: Āśvalāyana-gṛhya-sūtra (आश्वलायन-गृह्य-सूत्र), Ashvalayana, grhya, Āśvalāyanagṛhyasūtra (आश्वलायनगृह्य...

Adhyāya I, Kaṇḍikā 10

1. Now the oblations of cooked food on the (two) Parvan (i.e. the new and full moon) days.

2. The fasting (which takes place) thereat has been declared by (the corresponding rules regarding) the Darśapūrṇamāsa sacrifices.

3[1]. And (so has been declared) the binding together of the fuel and of the Barhis,

4[2]. And the deities (to whom those oblations belong), with the exception of the Upāṃśuyāja (offerings at which the formulas are repeated with low voice), and of Indra and Mahendra.

5. Other deities (may be worshipped) according to the wishes (which the sacrificer connects with his offerings).

6. For each single deity he pours out four handsful (of rice, barley, &c.), placing two purifiers (i.e. Kuśa blades, on the vessel), with (the formula), 'Agreeable to such and such (a deity) I pour thee out.'

7. He then sprinkles them (those four portions of Havis with water) in the same way as he had poured them out, with (the formula), 'Agreeable to such and such (a deity) I sprinkle thee.'

8. When (the rice or barley grains) have been husked and cleansed from the husks three times, let him cook (the four portions) separately,

9. Or throwing (them) together.

10. If he cooks them separately, let him touch the grains, after he has separated them, (and say,) 'This to this god; this to this god.'

11. But if he (cooks the portions) throwing (them) together, he should (touch and) sacrifice them, after he has put (the single portions) into different vessels.

12[3]. The portions of sacrificial food, when they have been cooked, he sprinkles (with Ājya, takes them from the fire towards the north, places them on the Barhis, and sprinkles the fuel with Ājya with the formula, 'This fuel is thy self, Jātavedas; thereby burn thou and increase, and, O burning One, make us increase and through offspring, cattle, holy lustre, and nouṛṣment make us prosper. Svāhā!'

13[4]. Having silently poured out the two Āghāras (or Ājya oblations poured out with the Sruva, the one from north-west to south-east, the other from south-west to north-east), he should sacrifice the two Ājya portions with (the formulas), 'To Agni svāhā! To Soma svāhā!'—

14[5]. The northern one belonging to Agni, the southern one to Soma.

15[6]. It is understood (in the Śruti), The two eyes indeed of the sacrifice are the Ājya portions,

16[7]. 'Therefore of a man who is sitting with his face to the west the southern (i.e. right) eye is northern, the northern (i.e. left) eye is southern.'

17[8]. In the middle (of the two Ājya portions he sacrifices the other) Havis, or more to the west, finishing (the oblations) in the east or in the north.

18. To the north-east the oblation to (Agni) Sviṣṭakṛt.

19[9]. He cuts off (the Avadāna portions) from the Havis from the middle and from the eastern part;

20. From the middle, the eastern part and the western part (the portions have to be cut off) by those who make five Avadānas;

21. From the northern side the portion for Sviṣṭakṛt.

22[10]. Here he omits the second pouring (of Ājya) over (what is left of) the sacrificial food.

23[11]. 'What I have done too much in this ceremony, or what I have done here too little, all that may Agni Sviṣṭakṛt, he who knows it, make well sacrificed and well offered for me. To Agni Sviṣṭakṛt, to him who offers the oblations for general expiation, so that they are well offered, to him who makes us succeed in what we desire! Make us in all that we desire successful! Svāhā!'

24[12]. He pours out the full vessel on the Barhis.

25[13]. This is the Avabhṛtha.

26. This is the standard form of the Pākayajñas.

27. What has been left of the Havis is the fee for the sacrifice.

Footnotes and references:


10, 3. See Āśvalāyana-Śrauta I, 3, 28 Scholion; Kāty.-Śrauta II, 7, 22.


See Hillebrandt, Das altindische Neu- and Vollmondsopfer, p. 111; my note on Śāṅkhāyana-Gṛhya I, 3, 3.


In the Mantra we have a similar play upon words (iddha, p. 174 lit, or burning, and samedhaya, make us prosper) as in Śāṅkh.-Gṛhya II, 10, 4.


Pāraskara I, 5, 3; Śāṅkh.-Gṛhya I, 9, 5 seq.


Śāṅkh.-Gṛhya I, 9, 7.


Professor Stenzler here very pertinently refers to Śatapatha Brāhmaṇa I, 6, 3, 38.


It is doubtful whether this paragraph should be considered as forming part of the quotation from the Śruti. The object of this passage is, in my opinion, to explain why the southern Ājyabhāga belongs to Soma, who is the presiding deity of the north, and the northern Ājyabhāga to Agni, the presiding deity of the south-east. Professor Stenzler's opinion about this paragraph is somewhat different.


Śāṅkh.-Gṛhya I, 9, 8.


19, 20. See above, the note on I, 7, 9 about the Avadāna portions and the peculiar custom of the descendants of Jamadagni with regard to them.


Comp. above, I, 7, 10. 'Here' means, at the Sviṣṭakṛt oblation.


Comp. Pāraskara I, 2, 11; Śatapatha Brāhmaṇa XIV, 9, 4, 24. On the oblations for general expiation (sarvaprāyaścittāhuti) comp. Sāṅkh.-Gṛhya I, 9, 12, and the note.


'A full vessel which has been put down before, he should now pour out on the Barhis.' Nārāyaṇa.


This pouring out of the vessel holds here the place of the Avabhṛtha bath at the end of the Soma sacrifice. See Weber, Indische Studien, X, 393 seq.

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