Sabhiya; 1 Definition(s)


Sabhiya means something in Buddhism, Pali. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Buddhism

Theravada (major branch of Buddhism)

1. Sabhiya (Sambhiya). The constant attendant of Phussa Buddha. J.i.41; Bu.xix.19.

2. Sabhiya Thera. His mother was a noblemans daughter whose parents had committed her to the charge of a Paribbajaka, that she might learn various doctrines and usages. The Paribbajaka seduced her, and, when she was with child, the fraternity abandoned her. Her child was born in the open (sabhayam), while she was wandering about alone hence his name. When Sabhiya grew up he, in his turn, became a Paribbajaka and was famous as a dialectician. He had a hermitage by the city gate, where he gave lessons to the sons of noblemen and others. He devised twenty questions, which he put before recluses and brahmins, but none could answer them. These questions had been handed on to him by his mother who had developed insight and had been reborn in a Brahma world. (But see Sabhiya Sutta 1). Then, as related in the Sabhiya Sutta 1, Sabhiya visited the Buddha in Veluvana and, at the end of the discussion, entered the Order, where, developing insight, he won arahantship.

In the time of Kakusandha Buddha he was a householder and gave the Buddha a pair of sandals. After Kassapa Buddhas death he, with six others, joined the Order and lived in the forest. Failing to develop jhana, they went to the top of a mountain, determined to reach some attainment or to die of starvation. The eldest became an arahant, the next became an anagami and was reborn in the Suddhavasa. The remaining five died without achieving their aim. These five were, in this age, Pukkusati, Sabhiya, Bahiya, Kumarakassapa and Dabbamallaputta. ThagA.i.381f.; SNA.ii.419ff.; Ap.ii.473; DhA.ii.212.

Sabhiya is mentioned as an example of a pandita Paribbajaka (SA.ii.188). A series of verses spoken by him, in admonishing monks who sided with Devadatta, are given in the Theragatha (vs. 275 8; see also Mtu.iii.389ff.).

Yasadatta (q.v.) was Sabhiyas companion.

3. Sabhiya. A Paribbajaka, perhaps identical with Sabhiya (2). The Samyutta (S.iv.401f ) records a discussion which took place at Natika between him and Vacchagotta on various questions, such as the existence of the Buddha after death, etc. In this sutta, Sabhiya is addressed as Kaccana, and he says that he had then been three years in the Order. It is probably this same Paribbajaka who is mentioned as Abhiya Kaccana in the Anuruddha Sutta. M.iii.148f.

1. Sabhiya Sutta. The sixth sutta of the Mahavagga of the Sutta Nipata (SN., pp. 91f). A devata, who in a previous life had been a relation of Sabhiya (see Sabhiya 1), asks him a series of questions and exhorts him to join the Order of any recluse who can answer them satisfactorily. Sabhiya wanders about asking his questions of several well known teachers; failing to find satisfaction,

Source: Pali Kanon: Pali Proper Names
context information

Theravāda is a major branch of Buddhism having the the Pali canon (tipitaka) as their canonical literature, which includes the vinaya-pitaka (monastic rules), the sutta-pitaka (Buddhist sermons) and the abhidhamma-pitaka (philosophy and psychology).

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