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Chapter VI - Re-incarnation of Daksha in the form of Prachetas

Origin of the different races of men, the progeny of Kashyapa described

Hari said:—Uttanāpada begat a son on Suruchi by name Uttama and another on Suniti by name Dhruva who attained to the most exalted station, having adored Janārddana, the god of gods, by the favour of the ascetic. Dhruva’s son Shnisthi was greatly strong and highly powerful. And his son was the greatly intelligent Prachinavarhi. His son was Divanjaya whose son was Ripu. His son was known as the beautiful Manu Chākshusha. His son was Ruru whose son was the beautiful Anga. Anga’s son wras Vena who was an atheist and an irreligious person. Vena, the perpetrator of iniquities, was killed by the Rishis with Kuśā. They then churned his thigh for a son and thereat sprang a son, greatly dwarfish and black. They then said “sit down, sit down” and he was called Nishāda dwelling on the mount Vindhyā. Then the twice-born ones suddenly churned his right thigh. From there sprang a son assuming the mental form of Vishnu, by name Prithu. By that son Vena repaired to the celestial region. The king milched the earth, for giving life to his subjects.

Prithu’s son was Antarddhāna whose son again was Havirdhāna. His son Prāchinavarhi became the Lord Paramount of the world. He espoused the daughter of the ocean of salt water and begat on her ten Prachinavarhis who were called Prāchetas and were masters of the science of archery. They all practised the same religious austerities and remained immersed in the bed of the deep for ten thousand years. They attained to the dignity of the Patriarchs; and their wife was Marishā. Of her was born Daksha by the imprecation of Bhava.

As before Daksha again created four classes of beings from his mind. Obstructed by Hara they did not multiply. The Patriarch then desired to carry on the work of creation by sexual intercourse. He then espoused Asikni, the daughter of the Patrirch Varuna. He begat on the daughter of Varuna a thousand sons. The end of the earth being described by Narada they went there to learn it and did not return. On their being lost Daksha created another thousand, named Savalakha, who also followed the foot-steps of their brothers, O Hara. Worked up with anger Daksha cursed Nārada saying “You will obtain a birth” and he was again born as the son of the ascetic Kashyapa. On his sacrifice being destroyed Daksha imprecated the terrific Maheshvara, saying “Having worshipped thee with necessary articles the twice born will leave them aside. Even in another birth, your hostilities will not terminate, O Shankara.”

Daksha begat on Asikni sixty beautiful daughters. He gave away two of them unto Angiras. He conferred two on Krishāshva, ten on Dharma, thirteen on Kashyapa and twenty seven on Indu. He conferred Suprabhā and Bhāmini on Vahuputra. And O Mahadeva, he gave unto Aristhanemi, his four daughters viz Manoramā, Bhānumati, Vishālā and Vahudā. He conferred on Krishāshva Supraja and Jayā.

Arundhati, Vasu, Yāmi, Lamvā, Bhānu, Marutvati, Sangkalpa, Muhurta, Sādhyā, Vishvā, these ten are known as the wives of Dharma. I will now describe the names of the wives of Kashyapa. They were Aditi, Diti, Danu, Kālā, Anāyu, Sinhikā, Muni, Kadru, Prādhā, Ira, Krodhā, Vinatā, Surabhi and Khagā. Vishvā gave birth to Vishvadevas and Sadhya to Sadhyas; Murutvati to Marudyant and Vasu to Vasus. From Bhanu were born the Bhānus and from Muhurtta the Muhurttas. Ghosa was born of Lamva and Nagavithi (milkway) was born of Yami (night). All the objects of the world were born of Arundhati and Sankalpa (pious determination) was the son of Sankalpa. Apa, Dhruva, Soma, Dhava, Anila, Anala, Pratyusha and Prabhasa are the names of the Vasus.

Apa’s son were Vaitundya, Srama (weariness), Sranta (fatigue) and Dhani. And the son of Dhruva was the great Kala (Time) the cherisher of the world. The son of Soma was Varchas (light) by whom was generated Varchaswi (radiance). Dhava begat on his wife Manoharā Ruhina, Hutahavya, Shishira, Prana and Ramana. Anila’s wife was Shiva. Her son was Pulomya and Avijnatagati (unknowable motion). These were the two sons of Anila. The son of Agni, Kumara, was born in a dump of Sara reeds whose sons were Shākha, Vishākha, Naigameya and Prishtata. The son of Kirtikas was known as Kartikeya. Pratyusha’s son was the ascetic Davala. Vishvakarmā, the celebrated architect of the celestials, was the son of Prabhāsa. His sons were Ajaikapada, Ahirvadhna, Twastri and Rudra, all very energetic. And the own begotten son of Twastri was the great ascetic Vishvarupa. There are eleven Rudras, the lords of the three worlds. They are Hara, Vahurupa, Tryamvaka, Aparajita, Vrishākapi, Shambhu, Kapardi, Raivata, Mrigavyadha, Sarva, and Kapali, O great ascetic. Soma's wives were twenty seven in number known as stars. Kashyapa begat on Aditi twelve suns. Vishnu, Shakra, Aryama, Dhātā, Tvastha, Pushā, Vivashvan, Savita, Mitra, Varuna, Angshuman and Bhaga—these were the twelve Adityas.

Hiranyakashipu and Hiranyaksha were born of Diti. A daughter, by name Sinhika, was also born who was married to Viprachitti. Hiranyakashipu had four very powerful sons viz., Anuhlāda, Hlāda, the powerful Pralhada and Sanghlada. Of them Pralhada was devoted to Vishnu. The sons of Sanghlada were Sivi, Ayushman and Vashkala. Pralhada,’s son was Virochana who begat Bali, who again had a hundred sons of whom Vāna was the oldest, O bull-emblemed deity.

All the sons of Hiranyākasha were also gifted with great prowess—Utkara, Shakoni, Bhutasantapana, Mahānābha, Mahāvāhu and Kālanābha.

Danu’s sons were Dvimurdhā, Shankara, Ayomukha, Shankusira, Kapila, Samvara, Ekachakra, Mahāvāhu, the highly powerful Taraka, Svarbhānu, Vrishaparva, the great Asura Puloma and the mighty Viprachitti.

Svarbhānu had a daughter by name Suprabha and Sarmistha was the daughter of Vrishaparvan who had two other celebrated daughters, namely Upadānavi and Hayasira. Vaishvānara had two daughters named Pulomā and Kālakā who were both married to Māricha, They gave birth to sixty thousand sons, the leading Danavas. Poulamas and Kala Kānjas are known as the sons of Māricha.

Viprachitti begat on Sinhikā Vyansha, Shalya the strong, Nabha the powerful, Vatapi, Namuchi, Itvala, Khasrimā, Anjaka, Naraka, and Kālanābha.

In the family of the Daitya Pralhada the Nivatakavachas were born. Six daughters, gifted with great energy, were born to Tāmrā, named Shuki, Syeni, Bhāsi, Sugrivi, Suchi and Gridhrika. Shuki gave birth to parrots, owls and crows; Syeni to hawks; Bhāsi to kites; Gridhrika to vultures; Suchi to water-fowl; Sugrivi to horses, camels and asses. These are known as the offspring of Tāmrā.

Vinatā gave birth to two sons celebrated as Garuda and Aruna. The offspring of Surasā were a thousand powerful serpents. Kadru had also a thousand sons—many-hooded serpents of unmitigated prowess. The most celebrated amongst them were Shesha, Vāsuki, Takshaka, Shanka, Sveta, Mahāpadma, Kumvala, Ashvatara, Elapatra, Nāga, Karkota, Dhananjaya and many other deadly and poisonous serpents.

Krodhā gave birth to highly powerful Pishachas. Surabhi gave birth to kine and buffaloes. Irā gave birth to trees, creepers, grass &c. Khagā gave birth to Yakshas and Rakashas and Muni to Apsaras. Aristha.gave birth to highly powerful Gandharvas.

Then were born the deities Maruts, forty nine in number, viz., Ekajyoti, Duryyoti, Trijyoti, Chaturjyoti, Ekashukra, Dvishukra, the highly powerful Trishukra, Idrik, Anyadrik,, Sadrik, Pratisadrik, Mita, Samila, the highly powerful Sumita, Ritajit, Satyajit, Sushena, Senajit, Atimitra, Amitra, Dura-mitra, Ajila, Rita, Ritadharmā, Viharta, Varuna, Dhruva, Vidhārana, Grihamekagana, Idriksha, Sadriksha, Etadriksha, Mita, Shana, Etana, Prasadnksha, Sutra, the great ascetic Tadngugra, Dhvannibhasa, Vimukta, Vikshipa, Dyuti, Vasu, Valādrishya, Lābha, Kama, Jayi, Virat, Udveshana and Guna. They all ride the wind. These all are the forms of Hari. All the kings, Dānavas and the celestials adore Hari with mystic formulas along with the sun and other members of the family.

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