Vishnu, aka: Visnu, Viṣṇu; 9 Definition(s)
- 1) Bhāgavata-purāṇa XII. 11. 44; Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa II. 23. 20; Vāyu-purāṇa 66. 61, 66.
- 2) Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa II. 24. 34; III. 3. 68; Matsya-purāṇa 6. 4; 171. 56. Viṣṇu-purāṇa I. 15. 130.
- 3) Ib. I. 22. 3; II. 10. 18.
1b) A god of Ābhūtaraya group.*
- * Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa II. 36. 56.
1c) (Uttamaśloka) worshipped for dharma. His abode above the position of seven sages, where is found the great Dhruva with others;1 different forms of; as Trivikrama broke aṇḍakaṭāha and let the Ganges in; as Sankarṣaṇa, worshipped by Śiva in Ilāvṛta; as Hayagrīva in Bhadrāśva country; as Nṛsimha in Harivarṣa; as Kāmadeva in Ketumālā; as Matsya in Ramyaka; as Kūrma in Hiraṇmaya; also Sānkhyanidarśana; as Varāha in Uttara Kuru country; also in the form of both Yajña and Kratu; as Sītārāma in Kimpuruṣa; as Naranārāyaṇa in Bhāratavarṣa; as Sūrya in Plakṣadvīpa; as Soma in Śālmali; as Agni in Kuśadvīpa; as a form of water in Krauñcadvīpa; as Vāyu in Śākadvīpa; as Brahmā in Puṣkaradvīpa.2 Propitiated by Dakṣa after his reconciliation with Śiva, Viṣṇu came to receive offerings in person in the form of yajña and was praised by all present including Brahmā and Śiva. He told Dakṣa that he was not different from Śiva or Brahmā.3 presented Pṛthu with Sudarśana and addressed him to befriend Indra, to be devoted to Him and to conduct himself righteously.4 His residence near Kṣīroda where he sleeps in yoga: vanquisher of Bali; saw a liṅga of effulgence and with Brahmā went down and up to know its origin and end, but could not get at that. Śiva's remark that his right and left arms were Brahmā and Viṣṇu. This is Mahāyāgam and Māheśvaram balam;5 cursed by Bhṛgu to take 10 (7 Matsya-purāṇa) incarnations on the earth; called Puruṣa and Yajña.6 In Svāyambhuva epoch was born of Ākūtī, in Svārociṣa, born of Tuṣitā as Ajita, in Uttama epoch, born of Satyā as Satya, in Tāmasa born of Hariṇī as Hari, in Vaivasvata, born of Kaśyapa and Aditī with the name Vaikuṇṭha.7 Overlord of Ādityas; gave peacock and fowl to Kumāra.8
- 1) Bhāgavata-purāṇa II. 3. 22; III. ch. 13 (whole); V. 22. 17; 23. 1.
- 2) Ib. V. 17. 1 and 16; chh. 18-20 (whole);
- 3) Ib. IV. 7. 18-54; 14. 26.
- 4) Ib. IV. 15. 16; 20. 2-16, 31 [1-2].
- 5) Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa II. 26. 2; 27. 22.
- 6) Ib. III. 3. 85-106; 72. 3-17; Matsya-purāṇa 47. 99-103.
- 7) Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa III. 107-122.
- 8) Ib. III. 10. 46; 24. 6; 33. 15; 42. 48; 71. 176 and 262. Matsya-purāṇa 6. 4; 171. 56.
1d) A Bhārgava gotrakāra.*
- * Matsya-purāṇa 195. 20.
1e) One of the nine sons of Sāvarṇi.*
- * Vāyu-purāṇa 100. 22.
1) Viṣṇu (विष्णु) is a Sanskrit word referring to a deity. Acording to the Nāṭyaśāstra 1.88-93, when Brahmā, Indra and all other gods went to inspect the playhouse (nāṭyamaṇḍapa) designed by Viśvakarmā, he assigned different deities for the protection of the playhouse itself, as well as for the objects relating to dramatic performance (prayoga).
As such, Brahmā assigned Viṣṇu to the third section (joint/knot, parva) of the Jarjara (Indra’s banner staf). The protection of the playhouse was enacted because of the the jealous Vighnas (malevolent spirits), who began to create terror for the actors.
2) Viṣṇu is also to be worshipped during raṅgapūjā, according to the Nāṭyaśāstra 3.1-8. Accordingly, the master of the dramatic art who has been initiated for the purpose shall consecrate the playhouse after he has made obeisance (eg., to Viṣṇu).
The term nāṭyaśāstra is the name of the ancient Indian tradition of performing arts, (e.g., theatrics, drama, dance, music), as well as the name of a Sanskrit work dealing with these subjects.
Viṣṇu is the name given to the cohesive or centripetal tendency of the universe — the Sattva Guṇa. It pervades all existence and is therefore known as "Viṣṇu". The name can be derived from the roots viṣ — viṣṇāti — to spread. viṣ — viṣati — to enter into or from viṣti — viveṣṭi — to surround = all these are expressions of pervasion.
In terms of consciousness Viṣṇu is identified with the dream-state (svapna) where things are conceived of as archetypes or prototypes prior to their manifestation. He is the abstract concept of all things whereas Brahmā is their realization in perishable materials.
Viṣṇu is the inner cause, the unseen power by which all things exist. Brahma is concerned with the outer material manifestation of all things, but Viṣṇu is their inner essence. Viṣṇu is the principle of duration and the power that holds the cosmos together. He is therefore the goal of all spiritual and religious paths.
Viṣṇu (विष्णु, “All-pervading”):—One of the twenty-four forms of Viṣṇu through which Nārāyaṇa manifests himself. He is accompanied by a counterpart emanation of Lakṣmī who is named Dhṛti.
Viṣṇu (विष्णु):—One of the male offspring from Mahāsarasvatī (sattva-form of Mahādevī). Also known as Kṛṣṇa, Hṛṣīkeśa, Vāsudeva and Janārdana. Mahāsarasvatī is one of the three primary forms of Devī, the other two being Mahālakṣmī and Mahākālī. Not to be confused with Sarasvatī, she is a more powerful cosmic aspect (vyaṣṭi) of Devi and represents the guṇa (universal energy) named sattva. Also see the Devī Māhātmya, a Sanskrit work from the 5th century, incorporated into the Mārkaṇḍeya-Purāṇa.
One of the hands that indicate the forms which accord with the character and actions of Brahmā and other Devas.—Viṣṇu: Tripatāka with both hands.
Vishnu is the protective aspect of the supreme trinity. He is the entity that is most often involved in mortal affairs. Some say he was created by Shiva, others say that he arose out of the cosmic void. Laxmi is his consort. His abode is Vaikunta. He is usually depicted as resting on a giant snake, Adisesha, which is itself floating in an ocean of milk.
He has undertaken ten avatars(incarnations), each to achieve a specific purpose, to avert a specific calamity facing either mankind or the Devas. There are more than ten incarnations attributed to him, but only ten of them are considered major. The list of such avatars varies a bit in different sources. For more about his incarnations, see 'Incarnations of Vishnu'.
He is called the 'brother of Indra', since he was born as a son of Aditi in his Vamana avatar. He is described as being ever desirous of helping the Devas, and an enemy of their half-brothers, the Asuras. He is dark-colored, with mega-varnam (cloud-hued), being one of his epithets. He is generally depicted as having four arms, holding a Sudharshana Chakra (discus), conch, lotus and a mace respectively.
His consort is Laxmi, who is said to have arisen from the ocean of milk in Vaikunta, when it was churned by the Devas and Asuras to obtain Amrit. His followers are known as Vaishnavaite, and many of them wear the 'namam' on their forehead.
One of the 108 names of Krishna; Meaning: "All Prevailing Lord"
Viṣṇupurāṇa (विष्णुपुराण).—One among the eighteen Purāṇas; comprises 23,000 ślokas.** Bhā...
1) Viṣṇukānta (विष्णुकान्त) is a Sanskrit technical term referring to a variety of prāsāda (...
Viṣṇumūrti (विष्णुमूर्ति) is a Sanskrit technical term referring to “images of Viṣṇu&r...
Kṛṣṇa (कृष्ण).—The Kṛṣṇāvatāra events are told and retold in Indian mythology since th...
Varāha (वराह) is the Sanskrit name of a deity presiding over Vindhyāparvata, one of the sixt...
1a) Brahmā (ब्रह्मा).—Pitāmaha, (Lokapitāmaha)—appeared on the lotus from the na...
Śaṅkha (शङ्ख, “conchshell”) is a Sanskrit word referring to a musical instrument...
Viṣṇupura (विष्णुपुर):—The abode of the Dūtīs, or the ninety-one female deities of the...
Viṣṇuśakti (विष्णुशक्ति), ‘the energy of Kṛṣṇa’ is threefold: parāśakti,...
Viṣṇuloka (विष्णुलोक) is a Sanskrit word referring to the abode of Lord Viṣṇu.
Viṣṇudūta (विष्णुदूत).—The messengers of Lord Viṣṇu who come to take perfected devotee...
Viṣṇupraharaṇa (विष्णुप्रहरण) is the Sanskrit name for a deity (“weapon of Viṣṇu&rdquo...
Viṣṇu-muhūrta (विष्णु-मुहूर्त):—Name for a specific portion or phase of the day, used ...
Viṣṇumantra (विष्णुमन्त्र).—Before any dramatic performance (nāṭya) takes place, gods ...
Viṣṇubhakti (विष्णुभक्ति).—Devotional service to Lord Viṣṇu.
- · The Vishnu Purana > ... > 3. The Viṣṇu Purāṇa
- · Śrīmad Devī Bhāgavatam > ... > On the Devas going to Viṣṇu
- · Śrīmad Devī Bhāgavatam > ... > On the Birth of the several Avatāras of Viṣṇu and their deeds
- · Śrīmad Devī Bhāgavatam > ... > On the superiority of Rudra over Viṣṇu
- · Śrīmad Devī Bhāgavatam > ... > On the Devī Yajña by Śrī Viṣṇu
- · Śrīmad Devī Bhāgavatam > ... > On the curse on Viṣṇu by Bhrigu
- · The Vishnu Purana > ... > Date of the Viṣṇu Purāṇa
- · The Vishnu Purana > ... > Synopsis of the Viṣṇu Purāṇa
- · A History of Indian Philosophy Volume 2 > ... > Viṣṇu, Vasudeva and Kṛṣṇa
- · Śrīmad Devī Bhāgavatam > ... > On the origin of Brahmā, Viṣṇu, Maheśa and others
- · Śrīmad Devī Bhāgavatam > ... > On the hymns to the Great Devī by Viṣṇu
- · The Garuda Purana > ... > Incarnations of Visnu and the glory of nuptial fidelity of Sita Described
- · The Garuda Purana > ... > Description of the rite of investing an image of Vishnu with the holy thread
- · The Garuda Purana > ... > The contemplation of Vishnu
- · The Garuda Purana > ... > Vishnu Mantra
- · The Garuda Purana > ... > The prayer of Vishnu Panjaram
- · The Garuda Purana > ... > The Vishnu-Dharma Vidya
- · The Mirror of Gesture (abhinaya-darpana) > Hands denoting Avatars of Vishnu
- · The Garuda Purana > Lord Vishnu’s Incarnations
- · The Garuda Purana > ... > Vishnu Bhakti
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