Vishnu, aka: Visnu, Viṣṇu; 9 Definition(s)
1) Viṣṇu (विष्णु) is a Sanskrit word referring to a deity. Acording to the Nāṭyaśāstra 1.88-93, when Brahmā, Indra and all other gods went to inspect the playhouse (nāṭyamaṇḍapa) designed by Viśvakarmā, he assigned different deities for the protection of the playhouse itself, as well as for the objects relating to dramatic performance (prayoga).
As such, Brahmā assigned Viṣṇu to the third section (joint/knot, parva) of the Jarjara (Indra’s banner staf). The protection of the playhouse was enacted because of the the jealous Vighnas (malevolent spirits), who began to create terror for the actors.
2) Viṣṇu is also to be worshipped during raṅgapūjā, according to the Nāṭyaśāstra 3.1-8. Accordingly, the master of the dramatic art who has been initiated for the purpose shall consecrate the playhouse after he has made obeisance (eg., to Viṣṇu).
The term nāṭyaśāstra is the name of the ancient Indian tradition of performing arts, (e.g., theatrics, drama, dance, music), as well as the name of a Sanskrit work dealing with these subjects.
Viṣṇu is the name given to the cohesive or centripetal tendency of the universe — the Sattva Guṇa. It pervades all existence and is therefore known as "Viṣṇu". The name can be derived from the roots viṣ — viṣṇāti — to spread. viṣ — viṣati — to enter into or from viṣti — viveṣṭi — to surround = all these are expressions of pervasion.
In terms of consciousness Viṣṇu is identified with the dream-state (svapna) where things are conceived of as archetypes or prototypes prior to their manifestation. He is the abstract concept of all things whereas Brahmā is their realization in perishable materials.
Viṣṇu is the inner cause, the unseen power by which all things exist. Brahma is concerned with the outer material manifestation of all things, but Viṣṇu is their inner essence. Viṣṇu is the principle of duration and the power that holds the cosmos together. He is therefore the goal of all spiritual and religious paths.
Viṣṇu (विष्णु, “All-pervading”):—One of the twenty-four forms of Viṣṇu through which Nārāyaṇa manifests himself. He is accompanied by a counterpart emanation of Lakṣmī who is named Dhṛti.
Viṣṇu (विष्णु):—One of the male offspring from Mahāsarasvatī (sattva-form of Mahādevī). Also known as Kṛṣṇa, Hṛṣīkeśa, Vāsudeva and Janārdana. Mahāsarasvatī is one of the three primary forms of Devī, the other two being Mahālakṣmī and Mahākālī. Not to be confused with Sarasvatī, she is a more powerful cosmic aspect (vyaṣṭi) of Devi and represents the guṇa (universal energy) named sattva. Also see the Devī Māhātmya, a Sanskrit work from the 5th century, incorporated into the Mārkaṇḍeya-Purāṇa.
One of the hands that indicate the forms which accord with the character and actions of Brahmā and other Devas.—Viṣṇu: Tripatāka with both hands.
Vishnu is the protective aspect of the supreme trinity. He is the entity that is most often involved in mortal affairs. Some say he was created by Shiva, others say that he arose out of the cosmic void. Laxmi is his consort. His abode is Vaikunta. He is usually depicted as resting on a giant snake, Adisesha, which is itself floating in an ocean of milk.
He has undertaken ten avatars(incarnations), each to achieve a specific purpose, to avert a specific calamity facing either mankind or the Devas. There are more than ten incarnations attributed to him, but only ten of them are considered major. The list of such avatars varies a bit in different sources. For more about his incarnations, see 'Incarnations of Vishnu'.
He is called the 'brother of Indra', since he was born as a son of Aditi in his Vamana avatar. He is described as being ever desirous of helping the Devas, and an enemy of their half-brothers, the Asuras. He is dark-colored, with mega-varnam (cloud-hued), being one of his epithets. He is generally depicted as having four arms, holding a Sudharshana Chakra (discus), conch, lotus and a mace respectively.
His consort is Laxmi, who is said to have arisen from the ocean of milk in Vaikunta, when it was churned by the Devas and Asuras to obtain Amrit. His followers are known as Vaishnavaite, and many of them wear the 'namam' on their forehead.
One of the 108 names of Krishna; Meaning: "All Prevailing Lord"
The Viṣṇupurāṇa is eminently Vaiṣṇava and considers Viṣṇu as the supreme being, Suprime Brah...
Kṛṣṇa (कृष्ण) is another name for Rājasarṣapa, which is a Sanskrit word referring to Brassic...
Śaṅkha (शङ्ख, “conchshell”) is a Sanskrit word referring to a musical instrument...
Brahmā (ब्रह्मा) is a Sanskrit word referring to a deity. Acording to the Nāṭyaśāstra 1.88-9...
Viṣṇupura (विष्णुपुर):—The abode of the Dūtīs, or the ninety-one female deities of the...
Viṣṇuśakti (विष्णुशक्ति), ‘the energy of Kṛṣṇa’ is threefold: parāśakti,...
Viṣṇudūta (विष्णुदूत).—The messengers of Lord Viṣṇu who come to take perfected devotee...
Viṣṇuloka (विष्णुलोक) is a Sanskrit word referring to the abode of Lord Viṣṇu.
Varāha (वराह) is the Sanskrit name of a deity presiding over Vindhyāparvata, one of the sixt...
Viṣṇu-muhūrta (विष्णु-मुहूर्त):—Name for a specific portion or phase of the day, used ...
Dīrgha-viṣṇu (दीर्घ-विष्णु)—A holy place on the bank of the Yamunā which Śrī Caitanya ...
Viṣṇupraharaṇa (विष्णुप्रहरण) is the Sanskrit name for a deity (“weapon of Viṣṇu&rdquo...
Viṣṇubhakti (विष्णुभक्ति).—Devotional service to Lord Viṣṇu.
Viṣṇukhaṇḍa (विष्णुखण्ड):—The Viṣṇu-khaṇḍa of the Skandapurāṇa consists of nine sectio...
Viṣṇubhāga (विष्णुभाग) is a Sanskrit technical term referring to the middle part of the mānu...
- · The Vishnu Purana > ... > 3. The Viṣṇu Purāṇa
- · Śrīmad Devī Bhāgavatam > ... > On the Devas going to Viṣṇu
- · Śrīmad Devī Bhāgavatam > ... > On the Birth of the several Avatāras of Viṣṇu and their deeds
- · Śrīmad Devī Bhāgavatam > ... > On the superiority of Rudra over Viṣṇu
- · Śrīmad Devī Bhāgavatam > ... > On the Devī Yajña by Śrī Viṣṇu
- · Śrīmad Devī Bhāgavatam > ... > On the curse on Viṣṇu by Bhrigu
- · The Vishnu Purana > ... > Date of the Viṣṇu Purāṇa
- · The Vishnu Purana > ... > Synopsis of the Viṣṇu Purāṇa
- · Śrīmad Devī Bhāgavatam > ... > On the origin of Brahmā, Viṣṇu, Maheśa and others
- · Śrīmad Devī Bhāgavatam > ... > On the hymns to the Great Devī by Viṣṇu
- · The Garuda Purana > ... > Incarnations of Visnu and the glory of nuptial fidelity of Sita Described
- · The Garuda Purana > ... > Description of the rite of investing an image of Vishnu with the holy thread
- · The Garuda Purana > ... > The contemplation of Vishnu
- · The Garuda Purana > ... > Vishnu Mantra
- · The Garuda Purana > ... > The prayer of Vishnu Panjaram
- · The Garuda Purana > ... > The Vishnu-Dharma Vidya
- · The Mirror of Gesture (abhinaya-darpana) > Hands denoting Avatars of Vishnu
- · The Garuda Purana > Lord Vishnu’s Incarnations
- · The Garuda Purana > ... > Vishnu Bhakti
- · The Garuda Purana > ... > The hymn to Vishnu composed by the holy Markandeya
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