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Vishnu, aka: Viṣṇu, Visnu; 9 Definition(s)

Vishnu means something in Buddhism, Hinduism, Sikhism, Jainism Check out some of the following descriptions and leave a comment if you want to add your own contribution to this article:

8 Definition(s) from various sources:

Viṣṇu (विष्णु) is a Sanskrit name referring to one of the eight manifestations of Caṇḍa, who is a form of Bhairava. According to the Rudrayāmala, there are eight main forms of Bhairava who control the eight directions of this universe. Each form (eg., Caṇḍa) has a further eight sub-manifestations (eg., Viṣṇu), thus resulting in a total of 64 Bhairavas.

When depicting Viṣṇu according to traditional iconographic rules (śilpaśāstra), one should depcit him (and other forms of Caṇḍa) having a blue color and good looks; he should carry agni, śakti, gadā and kuṇḍa. The word Śilpaśāstra refers to an ancient Hindu science of arts and crafts, dealing with subjects such as painting, sculpture and iconography.

Added: 10.Feb.2017 | Wisdom Library: Śilpa-śāstra
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1) Viṣṇu (विष्णु) is a Sanskrit word referring to a deity. Acording to the Nāṭyaśāstra 1.88-93, when Brahmā, Indra and all other gods went to inspect the playhouse (nāṭyamaṇḍapa) designed by Viśvakarmā, he assigned different deities for the protection of the playhouse itself, as well as for the objects relating to dramatic performance (prayoga).

As such, Brahmā assigned Viṣṇu to the third section (joint/knot, parva) of the Jarjara (Indra’s banner staf). The protection of the playhouse was enacted because of the the jealous Vighnas (malevolent spirits), who began to create terror for the actors.

2) Viṣṇu is also to be worshipped during raṅgapūjā, according to the Nāṭyaśāstra 3.1-8. Accordingly, the master of the dramatic art who has been initiated for the purpose shall consecrate the playhouse after he has made obeisance (eg., to Viṣṇu).

The term nāṭyaśāstra is the name of the ancient Indian tradition of performing arts, (e.g., theatrics, drama, dance, music), as well as the name of a Sanskrit work dealing with these subjects.

Added: 18.Jan.2017 | Wisdom Library: Nāṭya-śāstra
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Viṣṇu is the name given to the cohesive or centripetal tendency of the universe — the Sattva Guṇa. It pervades all existence and is therefore known as "Viṣṇu".  The name can be derived from the roots viṣviṣṇāti — to spread. viṣviṣati — to enter into or from viṣti viveṣṭi — to surround = all these are expressions of pervasion.

In terms of consciousness Viṣṇu is identified with the dream-state (svapna) where things are conceived of as archetypes or prototypes prior to their manifestation. He is the abstract concept of all things whereas Brahmā is their realization in perishable materials.

Viṣṇu is the inner cause, the unseen power by which all things exist. Brahma is concerned with the outer material manifestation of all things, but Viṣṇu is their inner essence. Viṣṇu is the principle of duration and the power that holds the cosmos together. He is therefore the goal of all spiritual and religious paths.

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Viṣṇu (विष्णु, “All-pervading”):—One of the twenty-four forms of Viṣṇu through which Nārāyaṇa manifests himself. He is accompanied by a counterpart emanation of Lakṣmī who is named Dhṛti.

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Viṣṇu (विष्णु):—One of the male offspring from Mahāsarasvatī (sattva-form of Mahādevī). Also known as Kṛṣṇa, Hṛṣīkeśa, Vāsudeva and Janārdana. Mahāsarasvatī is one of the three primary forms of Devī, the other two being Mahālakṣmī and Mahākālī. Not to be confused with Sarasvatī, she is a more powerful cosmic aspect (vyaṣṭi) of Devi and represents the guṇa (universal energy) named sattva. Also see the Devī Māhātmya, a Sanskrit work from the 5th century, incorporated into the Mārkaṇḍeya-Purāṇa.

Added: 15.Oct.2015 | Wisdom Library: Shaktism
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One of the hands that indicate the forms which accord with the character and actions of Brahmā and other Devas.—Viṣṇu: Tripatāka with both hands.

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Vishnu is the protective aspect of the supreme trinity. He is the entity that is most often involved in mortal affairs. Some say he was created by Shiva, others say that he arose out of the cosmic void. Laxmi is his consort. His abode is Vaikunta. He is usually depicted as resting on a giant snake, Adisesha, which is itself floating in an ocean of milk.

He has undertaken ten avatars(incarnations), each to achieve a specific purpose, to avert a specific calamity facing either mankind or the Devas. There are more than ten incarnations attributed to him, but only ten of them are considered major. The list of such avatars varies a bit in different sources. For more about his incarnations, see 'Incarnations of Vishnu'.

He is called the 'brother of Indra', since he was born as a son of Aditi in his Vamana avatar. He is described as being ever desirous of helping the Devas, and an enemy of their half-brothers, the Asuras. He is dark-colored, with mega-varnam (cloud-hued), being one of his epithets. He is generally depicted as having four arms, holding a Sudharshana Chakra (discus), conch, lotus and a mace respectively.

His consort is Laxmi, who is said to have arisen from the ocean of milk in Vaikunta, when it was churned by the Devas and Asuras to obtain Amrit. His followers are known as Vaishnavaite, and many of them wear the 'namam' on their forehead.

Added: 24.Jun.2012 | Apam Napat: Indian Mythology
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One of the 108 names of Krishna; Meaning: "All Prevailing Lord"

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Look for other relevant definitions:

Search found 1766 related definition(s) that might help you understand this better. Below you will find the 15 most relevant articles:

Viṣṇu Purāṇa
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Viṣṇukānta
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Viṣṇumūrti
Viṣṇumūrti (विष्णुमूर्ति) is a Sanskrit technical term referring to “images of Viṣṇu&r...
Kṛṣṇa
Kṛṣṇa (कृष्ण).—The Kṛṣṇāvatāra events are told and retold in Indian mythology since th...
Varaha
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Śaṅkha
Śaṅkha (शङ्ख, “conchshell”) is a Sanskrit word referring to a musical instrument...
Brahmā
Brahmā (ब्रह्मा) is a Sanskrit word referring to a deity. Acording to the Nāṭyaśāstra 1.88-9...
Viṣṇupura
Viṣṇupura (विष्णुपुर):—The abode of the Dūtīs, or the ninety-one female deities of the...
Viṣṇuśakti
Viṣṇuśakti (विष्णुशक्ति), ‘the energy of Kṛṣṇa’ is threefold: parāśakti,...
Viṣṇuloka
Viṣṇuloka (विष्णुलोक) is a Sanskrit word referring to the abode of Lord Viṣṇu.
Viṣṇudūta
Viṣṇudūta (विष्णुदूत).—The messengers of Lord Viṣṇu who come to take perfected devotee...
Viṣṇupraharaṇa
Viṣṇupraharaṇa (विष्णुप्रहरण) is the Sanskrit name for a deity (“weapon of Viṣṇu&rdquo...
Viṣṇu-muhūrta
Viṣṇu-muhūrta (विष्णु-मुहूर्त):—Name for a specific portion or phase of the day, used ...
Viṣṇukhaṇḍa
Viṣṇukhaṇḍa (विष्णुखण्ड):—The Viṣṇu-khaṇḍa of the Skandapurāṇa consists of nine sectio...
Dīrgha-viṣṇu
Dīrgha-viṣṇu (दीर्घ-विष्णु)—A holy place on the bank of the Yamunā which Śrī Caitanya ...

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