Sumana, aka: Sumanā; 6 Definition(s)
Sumanā (सुमना) is a Sanskrit word referring to “jasmine”, a species of jasmine from the Oleaceae family of flowering plants. It is also known as Jātī and Mālatī, and in the Hindu language it is known as Camelī. It is used throughout Āyurvedic literature such as the Caraka-saṃhitā. The official botanical name is Jasminum grandiflorum but is commonly referred to in English as “Spanish jasmine” or “Royal jasmine” among others. It is an evergreen shrub with white pleasantly fragrant flowers and grows all over India up to 2500m elevation. It is also cultivated as ornamental plant.
Sumanā, the great-flowered jasmine J. I, 62; IV, 455; DhA. IV, 12. In composition sumana°.
—dāma a wreath of jasmine J. IV, 455. —paṭṭa cloth with jasmine pattern J. I, 62. —puppha j. flower Miln. 291; VvA. 147. —makula a j. bud DhA. III, 371. —mālā garland of j. VvA. 142. (Page 720)
sumana : (adj.) glad. || sumanā (f.), jasmine; a glad woman.
1. Sumana. The fourth of the twenty four Buddhas. He was born in Mekhala, his father being the khattiya Sudatta and his mother Sirima. For nine thousand years he lived as a householder in three palaces - Canda, Sucanda and Vatamsa (BuA.125 calls them Narivaddhana, Somavaddhana and Iddhivaddhana) - his wife being Vatamsika and his son Anupama. He left the world on an elephant, practised austerities for ten months, and attained enlightenment under a naga tree, being given a meal of milk rice by Anupama, daughter of Anupama setthi of Anoma, and grass for his seat by the Ajivaka Anupama. His first sermon was preached in the Mekhala Park, and among his first disciples were his step brother Sarana and the purohitas son Bhavitatta. His Twin miracle was performed in Sunandavati. The Bodhisatta was a Naga king Atula. One of the Buddhas chief assemblies was on the occasion of his solving the questions of King Arindama on Nirodha.
Sarana and Bhavitatta were his chief monks and Sona and Upasena his chief nuns. Udena was his personal attendant. Varuna and Sarana were his chief lay supporters among men and Cala and Upacala among women. His body was ninety cubits in height, and he died at the age of ninety thousand in Angarama, where a thupa of four yojanas was erected over his ashes. Bu.v.1ff.; BuA.125f.; J.i.30,34,35, 40.
2. Sumana. Attendant of Padumuttara Buddha (J.i.37; Bu.xi.24). His eminence prompted Ananda (Sumana in that birth) to resolve to be an attendant of some future Buddha. ThagA.ii.122; see also Ap.i.195.
3. Sumana. Step brother of Padumuttara, Buddha. He obtained, as boon from the king, the privilege of waiting on the Buddha for three months. He built in the park of Sobhana a vihara. The park belonged to the householder Sobhana, and he built the vihara, on land for which he gave one hundred thousand. There he entertained the Buddha and his monks. Sunanda is identified with Ananda. ThagA.ii.122f.; AA.i.160f.; SA.ii.168f.
4. Sumana. A pupil of Anuruddha. He represented the monks from Paveyyaka at the Second Council. Vasabhagami was his colleague. See also Sumana (8). Mhv.iv.49, 58; Dpv.iv.48; v.24; Vin.ii.305, etc.
5. Sumana. A garland maker, given as an example of one whose acts bore fruit in this very life (Mil.115, 291, 350; cf. DhSA.426; PSA.498). He was Bimbisaras gardener, and provided the king daily with eight measures of jasmine flowers, for which he received eight pieces of money, One day, while on his way to the palace, he saw the Buddha, and threw two handfuls of flowers into the air, where they formed a canopy over the Buddhas head. Two handfuls thrown on the right, two on the left and two behind, all remained likewise in the air and accompanied the Buddha as he walked through the city, a distance of three leagues, that all might see the miracle.
-- or --
1. Sumana. An aggasavika of Anomadassi Buddha.
Sumanā, the great-flowered jasmine J. I, 62; IV, 455; DhA. IV, 12. In composition sumana°. —...
|Sumana Rajakumari Sutta|
Sumana, sister of Pasenadi, visits the Buddha at Jetavana with five hundred companions in fiv...
Maitreya (मैत्रेय): A sage who visited the court of Dhritarashtra, expressed sorrow at the Pand...
Śaraṇa (शरण) is a Sanskrit technical term denoting a “residence” in general, acc...
Aśoka (अशोक) is a Sanskrit word, identified with Jomesia asoka by various scholars in their ...
Buddha (बुद्ध) is a Sanskrit word referring to one of the ten incarnations of Viṣṇu. This in...
Paṇṇaka, (paṇṇa+ka) 1. green leaves (collectively), vegetable, greens J. VI, 24 (kāra° vegetabl...
1) Sobhaṇa, 2 (adj.) (fr. śubh) 1. adorning, shining, embellishing A. II, 8, 225; very often s...
Jayā (जया) is the wife of Puṣpadanta, a subordinate of Śiva, who overheard him narrating the...
Varāha (वराह) is the Sanskrit name of a deity presiding over Vindhyāparvata, one of the sixt...
1a) Vimala (विमल).—A son of Sudyumna and a Lord of Dakṣiṇāpatha.** Bhāgavata-purāṇa IX. 1...
Caṇḍa (चण्ड) is the Sanskrit name of a form of Bhairava. According to the Rudrayāmala, there...
1a) Aṅga (अङ्ग).—The father of Vena; knew the power of Kṛṣṇa's yoga.1 A son of Ulmuka (K...
Anūpama, at It.122 is metric reading for anupama (see upama). (Page 45)
Nigrodha, (Sk. nyagrodha; Non-Aryan?) the banyan or Indian fig-tree, Ficus Indica, usually as ...
- · The Gospel of Buddha > The Communication Of Bliss
- · The Katha Upanishad with Shankara’s Commentary > ... > Verse 1.1.10
- · A Discourse on Paticcasamuppada > ... > Summary
- · The Mahavamsa > The Coming Of Mahinda
- · The Markandeya Purana > Dama’s exploits (continued)
- · The Mahavamsa > The Arrival Of The Relics
- · The Garuda Purana > ... > Enumeration of the names of princes of the continent of Plaksha, etc.
- · The Markandeya Purana > Dama’s exploits
- · The Mahavamsa > Second Council
- · The Jataka, Volume IV > No. 506.: Campeyya-Jātaka.
- · A Discourse on Paticcasamuppada > ... > The Buddha's Emphasis On Practice
- · The Mahavamsa > The Coming Of The Bodhi-tree
- · The Mahavamsa > The Entry Into The Capital
- · The Mahavamsa > The Nibbana Of The Thera
- · Buddhist Monastic Discipline > The New Role Of Sila In Buddhist Monasticism
- · Sushruta Samhita, volume 4: Cikitsasthana > The medical treatment of Abscesses and Tumours
- · The Mahavamsa > Third Council
- · The Mahavamsa > The Levying Of The Warriors
- · The Book of Protection > ... > Discourse On Atanatiya
- · The Mahavamsa > The Eleven Kings
» Click here to see all 41 search results in a detailed overview.
- Was this explanation helpufll? Leave a comment:
Make this page a better place for research and define the term yourself in your own words.