1. Okkaka - A king, ancestor of
the Sakyas and the Kolians.
In the Ambattha Sutta (D.i.92) it is
stated that Okkaka, being fond of his queen and wishing to transfer the kingdom
to her son, banished from the kingdom the elder princes by another wife. These
princes were named Okkamukha, Karakanda, Hatthinika, and Sinipura.
The Mahavastu (which confuses Iksvaku
with his ancestor Sujata) mentions five sons of Iksvaku: Opura, Ulkamukha,
Karandaka, Hastikasirsa and Nipura (i.348). See also Rockhill, p.9ff.
They lived on the slopes of the Himalaya
and, consorting with their sisters and their descendants, formed the Sakyan
race. The legend, thus briefly given, is enlarged on with great detail in the
Commentaries. According to Buddhaghosa, there are three dynasties with a king
named Okkaka at the head of each, all of them lineal descendants of the primeval
king, Mahasammata, and in the line of succession of Makadeva.
The Okkaka of the third dynasty bad five
queens - Bhatta, Citta, Jantu, Jalini and Visakha - each with five hundred
female attendants. The eldest queen had four sons - mentioned above - and five
daughters - Piya, Suppiya, Ananda, Vijita and Vijitasena. (The Mtu. calls them
Suddha, Vimala Vijita, Jala and Jali).
When Bhatta died, after the birth of
these nine children, the king married another young and beautiful princess and
made her the chief queen. Her son was Jantu, and being pleased with him, the
king promised her a boon. She claimed the kingdom for her son, and this was the
reason for the exile of the elder children (DA.i.258f; SnA.i.352f).
The Mahavamsa (Mhv.ii.12-16) mentions
among Okkakas descendants, Nipuna, Candima, Candamukha, Sivisanjaya, Vessantara,
Jali, Sihavahana and Sihassara. The last named had eighty four thousand
descendants, the last of whom was Jayasena. His son Sihahanu was the grandfather
of the Buddha. The Dipavamsa (iii.41-5) list resembles this very closely.
Okkaka had a slave girl called Disa, who
gave birth to a black baby named, accordingly, Kanha. He was the ancestor of the
Kanhayanas, of which race the Ambattha clan was an offshoot. Later, Kanha became
a mighty sage and, by his magic power, won in marriage Maddarupi, another
daughter of Okkaka (D.i.93, 96).
According to the Brahmana Dhammika Sutta
(Sn.p.52ff; AA.ii.737), it was during the time of Okkaka that the brahmins
started their practice of slaughtering animals for sacrifice. Till then there
had been only three diseases in the world - desire, hunger and old age; but from
this time onwards the enraged devas afflicted humans with various kinds of
It is said (DA.i.258) that the name
Okkaka was given to the king because when he spoke light issued from his mouth
like a torch (kathanakale ukka viya mukhato pabha niccharati).