The history of Andhra country (1000 AD - 1500 AD)
Part 10 - Ganapatideva (A.D. 1240-1262)
Keta III is not heard of after A.D. 1240 and Ganapati exercised independent sway for twenty-two years from that date. Ganapati’s record from Tadikonda dated A.D. 1247 mentions him as Keta Irmadi Ganapayaraja. From a record at Ravulapadu dated A.D. 1251, a mahamandalesvara Kota Gundaraja, whose relationship to Ganapati is not known is heard of. In A.D. 1254, the queen mother Bayyaladevi and king Ganapati acknowledged the Kakatiya suzerainty, for a record of theirs, of that year at Velpur mentions Kakatiya Ganapati. In the Madala record dated A.D. 1256, the king is mentioned as mahamandalesvara Jagamechehuganda Ganapati devaraja Ganapati’s last record is from Tripurantakam and mentions Machinayadu, brother of queen Komaramambika. One of his records undated refers to his son
Ganapati’s Political Relations
Towards the end of his reign, Ganapati’s kingdom extended as far as Tripurantakam in the west. Ganapati does not seem to have waged any wars. He maintained friendly relations with the Kakatiyas, the Kotas of Yenamadala, the Natavadis and other local rulers.
Ganapati and the Kakatiyas
The influence of Ganapati of the Kakatiyas in Yengi politics was growing from strength to strength in this period. In A.D. 1244, be issued the Motupalli charter. His records of A.D. 1249 are found in Conjeevaram, Guntur and Kurnool, districts and of A.D. 1254 in Kistna district. In A.D. 1260 i.e. the sixty-second year of his reign, Ganapati was ruling in Kurnool and Nellore districts, and was succeeded by Rudrama, who bearing the title Rudradeva maharaja, ruled the well extended kingdom.
An undated inscription at Nayanipalle mentions that during the course of a digvijaya, Kakatiya Ganapatideva maharaja conqueried enemy territories, burnt Nellore in the south, billed Pratihari Bayyana Akkana and other enemies, captured Kulottunga Rajendra choda in Cholamandala, and accepted a tribute of elephants from the king of Nellore. Recorded tradition and literature not contemporary—speak of the usurption of the kingdom of Nellore from Manmasiddhi of the Telugu cholas by Akkana and Bayyana, the deputation of Tikkana somayaji to Ganapati of the Kakatiyas requesting him to restore Manmasiddhi to his ancestral throne, Ganapati’s promise to comply with the request and the consequent Kakatiya expedition into Telugu country resulting in the restoration of Manmasiddhi and the subjugation of the country. The Nayanipalli inscription, gives the details of the digvijaya. As for the date this conquest must have taken place between A.D. 1249 the date of Ganapati’s conjivaram inscription and A.D, 1254 when Ganapati was recognised as suzerain by the Nellore Cholas.
As for the relations between Kota Ganapati and Kakatiya Ganapati not much is known. The only Kota record mentioning Kakatiya Ganapati’s at Velpur bearing the date A.D. 1254. This evidently was the consequence of Ganapaii’s successful expedition into Vengi and the Kotas were forced to acknowledge the Kakatiya sway. Manmasiddha II had to pay tribute to the Kakatiya sovereign.
Ganapati and other Rulers
Kota Ganapati was on terms of alliance with the Kotas of Yenamandala. In the Valluru Kaifiyat, he is mentioned as Ganapati, the ruler of Dharanikota.