Middle Chola Temples

by S. R. Balasubrahmanyam | 1975 | 141,178 words

This volume of Chola Temples covers Rajaraja I to Kulottunga I in the timeframe A.D. 985-1070. The Cholas of Southern India left a remarkable stamp in the history of Indian architecture and sculpture. Besides that, the Chola dynasty was a successful ruling dynasty even conquering overseas regions....

Mambakkam in Chingleput taluk of Chingleput district is about seven kms south of Kalattur (15 kms south of Chingleput town), which in turn is close to the railway station of Ottivakkam. In this village, there is a temple called Murugesvarasvamin temple.

Murugesvarasvamin temple

On the south wall of the central shrine, there is an inscription in which the name of the king is lost; from the introduction beginning with tirumagal pola, we can assign it to Rajaraja I. Dated in his twenty-sixth regnal year (a.d. ioii), it furnishes the information that the Siva temple at Mambakkam was constructed in the twenty-sixth year of the king by Murugan Kaliyan of Mambakkam in Kalvay nadu, a sub-division of Puli-yurkottam (ARE 19 of 1934-35; also ARE I934-35, P.49). The same benefactor seems to have donated sheep for a perpetual lamp to the deity of this temple, called here Muruga-Isvarattu Alvar, evidently named after the builder Murugan Kaliyan.

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