Later Chola Temples

by S. R. Balasubrahmanyam | 1979 | 143,852 words

This volume of Chola Temples covers Kulottunga I to Rajendra III in the timeframe A.D. 1070-1280. The Cholas of Southern India left a remarkable stamp in the history of Indian architecture and sculpture. Besides that, the Chola dynasty was a successful ruling dynasty even conquering overseas regions....

What is now called Madattukkoyil at Nangupatti, a village in the Kulattur taluk of the Pudukkottai district, was once called Tirup-peruman-anda Nayanar Koyil. On the wall of the north verandah of the first prakara of this temple, there is an inscription (ARE 341 of 1914) of the 13th year of an unspecified Parakesari-varman, who, on account of the mention of the name Virasolan Uttamasolan, may be identified with the Early Chola king Parantaka I (acc. a.d. 907). This is the earliest of the existing inscriptions in this temple.

Madattukkoyil (Tirup Peruman Anda II Nayanar Koyil)

At the entrance into the first prakara of the temple, there is a record of the 13th year of Rajakesarivarman alias Tribhuvanachakravartin Kulottunga I (=a.d. 1084). It records a gift of land by a native of Marudavur as a present for the composition of verses in praise of a certain Vedavanamudaiyan (ARE 335 of 1914). An inscription of the 14th year of Kulottunga II records a gift of money for the celebration of the New Moon day festival and another, of his 20th year, registers a gift of 100 sheep for a lamp (ARE 333 and 334 of 1914). There are three inscriptions of the days of Rajadhiraja II. One, of his sepond year, registers. the gift of the village of Nedungiraikkudi by Edirilapperumal alias! Kulottungasola Kadambarayan (ARE 337 of 1914). Another inscription, of his 12th year, registers a gift of land for offerings to the Periya Nachchiyar—evidently to the Amman shrine—by a merchant of Sarappattanam alias Vikramasolap-perunderu (ARE 336 of 1914). The third, of his 13th year, relates to the building of the Nritta mandapa (ARE 340 of 1914). The last Chola inscription is one of the 35th year of Tribhuvanavira deva (i.e., Kulottunga III). It records a gift of the village of Punnangudi (modern Pinnangudi) to the temple of Tirup-peruman^anda Nayanar for worship and repairs by Udaiya Perumal Edirili-sola Kadambarayan for the merit of the king, during the latter’s stay at Madurai (about a.d. 1213; ARE 339 of 1914). Punnangudi was renamed Udaiyaperumal-nallur after the name of the donor, and a local highway was named Tribhuvanaviran-peruvali after the new name of Kulottunga III following his celebration of victory at Madurai.

An inscription records the names of the four who are held to have worshipped the Lord of this temple—Jamadagni, Parasara, Agastya and Visvamitra.

A record of the 17th year of Jatavarman Sundara Pandya I (a.d. 1267) registers a gift of land for festivals and repairs in the temple of Tirup-peruman-anda Nayanar for the welfare of the king and the country by the people of Vadakonadu (ARE 342 of 1914). A late Vijayanagara inscription of the time of Vira Ranganna Udaiyar, found on the west face of the, Amman temple, records a political mutual defence compact between the residents of Perambur and Kilaikkurichi (ARE 344 of 1914).

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