Early Chola Temples

by S. R. Balasubrahmanyam | 1960 | 105,501 words

This volume of Chola Temples covers Parantaka I to Rajaraja I in the timeframe A.D. 907-985. The Cholas of Southern India left a remarkable stamp in the history of Indian architecture and sculpture. Besides that, the Chola dynasty was a successful ruling dynasty even conquering overseas regions....

Table I. Agastyesvaram (with square sikhara)

I. Agastyesvaram (with square sikhara)
(or Tenvayil Srikoyil) of Avani-Kandarpa-Isvaragriham of Kilaiyur
(Southern Shrine)

Inscription series: 357 of 1924
Where found:                       (a) South Wall
Name of the king:                 Rajakesarivarman
Regnal Year of the ruler:      13th Year Cf: 224 of 1894 S.S.I-V.-523 Tiruvaiyaru.
Authorship attributable to:   Aditya I
Gist of the inscriptions:        Gift of 8 ‘ma’ of land, newly brought under cultivation for burning one perpetual lamp in each of the two shrines in the temple of Avani-Kandarpa-Isvaram under orders of Nakkan Pudi-Paluvettaraiyan Kumaran Kandan, son of Pagaividai Isva-rattu Devanar of Paluvur.

Inscription series: 355 of 1924
Where found:                       South Wall
Name of the king:                 ... rivarman (built over at the beginning)
Regnal Year of the ruler:      22nd Year Cf. Lalgudy 5th year Parakesari no. 117of 1928-29, AdigaI Palu-vettaraiyan Kumaran Maravan
Authorship attributable to:   Aditya I
Gist of the inscriptions:        Gift of land for burning a perpetual lamp in the two shrines of the temple of Avani-Kandarpa-Isvaragriham by a certain Palu-vettaraiyan Kumaran Maravan.

Inscription series: 360 of 1924
Where found:                      
Name of the king:                 Rajakesarivarman
Regnal Year of the ruler:      22nd Year
Authorship attributable to:   Aditya I
Gist of the inscriptions:        Gift of land, after reclamation, for burning one perpetual lamp in each of the two shrines in the temple of Avani-Kandarpa-Isvaragriham by Paluvettaraiyan Kumaran Maravan.

Inscription series: 359 of 1924
Where found:                       South Wall
Name of the king:                 Madirai Konda Parakesarivarman
Regnal Year of the ruler:      25th Year
Authorship attributable to:   Parantaka I
Gist of the inscriptions:        Undertaking by the Assembly of Uttama-dani Chaturvedimangalam for the daily supply of ghee for a lamp in the temple in lieu of interest on gold received.

Inscription series: 358 of 1924
Where found:                       South Wall
Name of the king:                 Madirai Konda Parakesarivarman
Regnal Year of the ruler:      37th Year
Authorship attributable to:   Parantaka I
Gist of the inscriptions:        Gift of gold by a lady for a perpetual lamp in the temple of Mahadeva at Avani-Kandarpa-puram.

Inscription series: 356 of 1924
Where found:                       South Wall
Name of the king:                 Parakesarivarman
Regnal Year of the ruler:      15th Year
Authorship attributable to:   Uttama Chola
Gist of the inscriptions:        Gift of land to a certain person by the Assembly of Kunrak-Kurram under orders of Paluvettaraiyar Kandan Maravan on condition that the donee should pay 25 ‘pon’ annually as assessment.

Inscription series: 363 of 1924
Where found:                       (b) East wall
Name of the king:                 Rajaraja Rajakesarivarman
Regnal Year of the ruler:      16th Year
Authorship attributable to:   Rajaraja I
Gist of the inscriptions:        Gift of land for daily offerings and for worship to the Gods of the two shrines at Avani-Kandarpa-Isvaram—a devadana of Kunrak-Kurram.

Inscription series: 364 of 1924
Where found:                       (c) North wall
Name of the king:                 Rajakesarivarman
Regnal Year of the ruler:      6th Year
Authorship attributable to:   Gandaraditya
Gist of the inscriptions:        Gift of a lamp-stand and gold for burning a perpetual lamp by a certain lady in the shrine of Ten-vayil Sri Koyil Mahadeva in the temple of Avarti-Kandarpa-Isvaram.

Inscription series: 365 of 1924
Where found:                       (c) North wall
Name of the king:                 Rajakesarivarman
Regnal Year of the ruler:      10th Year see 367 of 1924
Authorship attributable to:   Sundara Chola (?)
Gist of the inscriptions:        The residents of Avani-Kandarpapuram had the inscription engraved to the effect that the tax (Manrupadu) prevailing at Nandipuram from olden times should also be in force in this village. Order was issued by the Paluvettaraiyan Maravan Kandanar.

Inscription series: 370 of 1924, 367 of 1924
Where found:                       East wall of Mukhamandapa
Name of the king:                 Rajakesarivarman
Regnal Year of the ruler:      12 1 = 13th Year; 1(6)th Year (corrected later into 11th Year); cf. See 365 of 1924 also 374 of 1924 S.I.I, XIII-344 (refer to Nandipuram scales of local taxation)
Authorship attributable to:   Sundara Chola (?)
Gist of the inscriptions:        Assignment of temple land to a certain individual by the authorities of the temple at the instance of Adigal Paluvettaraiyan Maravan Kandanar. Registers the order communicated to Velan Chintamani, the Headman of Tattanur, permitting the adoption of the old taxes prevailing at Nandipuram for the village of Paluvur, by the Chief, Adigal Paluvettaraiyan Maravan Kandanar, to whom Karambiyam Pirantakan alias Karuvidaip-Peraraiyan had petitioned.

Inscription series: 368 of 1924
Where found:                       (c) North wall
Name of the king:                 Madiraikonda Parakesarivarman
Regnal Year of the ruler:      36th Year
Authorship attributable to:   Parantaka I
Gist of the inscriptions:        Gift of reclaimed land for a perpetual lamp in the two shrines of the temple.

Inscription series: 369 of 1924
Where found:                      
Name of the king:                
Regnal Year of the ruler:     
Authorship attributable to:  
Gist of the inscriptions:        Gift of land at Pasunkulattur, a devadana of the temple, for a perpetual lamp in the two shrines by Kurukadikilan Uran Pidaran.

Inscription series: 366 of 1924
Where found:                      
Name of the king:                 Parakesari
Regnal Year of the ruler:      16th year
Authorship attributable to:   Parantaka I
Gist of the inscriptions:        Gift of land to Mahadeva of Avanigandarva-Isvara-griham.

 
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