Sanskrit quote nr. 562 (Maha-subhashita-samgraha)

Sanskrit text:

अतिदानाद्धतः कर्णस्त्व् अतिलोभात् सुयोधनः ।
अतिकामाद्दशग्रीवस्त्व् अति सर्वत्र वर्जयेत् ॥

atidānāddhataḥ karṇastv atilobhāt suyodhanaḥ |
atikāmāddaśagrīvastv ati sarvatra varjayet ||


  1. Introduction
  2. Glossary of terms
  3. Analysis of Sanskrit grammar
  4. About the Mahāsubhāṣitasaṃgraha

Presented above is a Sanskrit aphorism, also known as a subhāṣita, which is at the very least, a literary piece of art. This page provides critical research material such as an anlaysis on the poetic meter used, an English translation, a glossary explaining technical terms, and a list of resources including print editions and digital links.

Glossary of Sanskrit terms

Note: Consider this as an approximate extraction of glossary words based on an experimental segmentation of the Sanskrit verse. Some could be superfluous while some might not be mentioned.

Atidana (atidāna, अतिदान): defined in 2 categories.
Hata (हत): defined in 9 categories.
Atilobha (अतिलोभ): defined in 2 categories.
Suyodhana (सुयोधन): defined in 4 categories.
Ati (अति): defined in 8 categories.
Sarvatra (सर्वत्र): defined in 7 categories.
Va (व): defined in 8 categories.

Defined according to the following glossaries/dictionaries: Sanskrit, Pali, Ayurveda (science of life), Jyotisha (astronomy and astrology), Shaktism (Shakta philosophy), Shaivism (Shaiva philosophy), Marathi, Hindi, Kannada, Jainism, Tibetan Buddhism (Vajrayana or tantric Buddhism), Purana (epic history), Vyakarana (Sanskrit grammar), India history, Prakrit

Analysis of Sanskrit grammar

Note: this is an experimental feature and only shows the first possible analysis of the Sanskrit verse. If the system was successful in segmenting the sentence, you will see of which words it is made up of, generally consisting of Nouns, Pronouns, Verbs, Participles and Indeclinables. Click on the link to show all possible derivations of the word.

  • Line 1: “atidānāddhataḥ karṇastv atilobhāt suyodhanaḥ
  • atidānāddh -
  • atidāna (noun, neuter)
    [adverb], [ablative single]
  • hataḥ -
  • hata (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single]
    han -> hata (participle, masculine)
    [nominative single from √han class 1 verb], [nominative single from √han class 2 verb]
    han (verb class 2)
    [present active third dual]
  • Cannot analyse karṇastv*at
  • atilobhāt -
  • atilobha (noun, masculine)
    [adverb], [ablative single]
    atilobha (noun, neuter)
    [adverb], [ablative single]
  • suyodhanaḥ -
  • suyodhana (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single]
  • Line 2: “atikāmāddaśagrīvastv ati sarvatra varjayet
  • Cannot analyse atikāmāddaśagrīvastv*at
  • ati -
  • ati (indeclinable adverb)
    [indeclinable adverb]
    ati (indeclinable)
  • sarvatra -
  • sarvatra (indeclinable)
  • va -
  • u (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [adverb], [nominative dual], [vocative dual], [accusative dual]
    ū (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [adverb], [vocative single]
    ū (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [adverb], [nominative single], [vocative single], [accusative single]
    ū (noun, feminine)
    [compound], [adverb], [vocative single]
    o (noun, masculine)
    au (noun, feminine)
    au (noun, masculine)
    va (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    va (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]
  • arjayet -
  • ṛj (verb class 0)
    [optative active third single]

About the Mahāsubhāṣitasaṃgraha

This quote is included within the Mahāsubhāṣitasaṃgraha (महासुभाषितसंग्रह, maha-subhashita-samgraha / subhasita-sangraha), which is a compendium of Sanskrit aphorisms (subhāṣita), collected from various sources. Subhāṣita is a genre of Sanskrit literature, exposing the vast and rich cultural heritage of ancient India.

It has serial number 562 and can be found on page . (read on

Sanskrit is the oldest living language and bears testimony to the intellectual past of ancient India. Three major religions (Hinduism, Buddhism, Jainism) share this language, which is used for many of their holy books. Besides religious manuscripts, much of India’s ancient culture has been preserved in Sanskrit, covering topics such as Architecture, Music, Botany, Surgery, Ethics, Philosophy, Dance and much more.

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