Sanskrit quote nr. 5 (Maha-subhashita-samgraha)

Sanskrit text:

अंशुपाणिभिरतीव पिपासुः पद्मजं मधु भृशं रसयित्वा ।
क्षीबतामिव गतः क्षितिमेष्यंल् लोहितं वपुरुवाह पतङ्गः ॥

aṃśupāṇibhiratīva pipāsuḥ padmajaṃ madhu bhṛśaṃ rasayitvā |
kṣībatāmiva gataḥ kṣitimeṣyaṃl lohitaṃ vapuruvāha pataṅgaḥ ||

⎼⏑⎼¦⏑⏑⏑¦⎼⏑⏑¦⎼⎼¦¦⎼⏑⎼¦⏑⏑⏑¦⎼⏑⏑¦⎼⎼¦¦
⎼⏑⎼¦⏑⏑⏑¦⎼⏑⏑¦⎼⎼¦¦⎼⏑⎼¦⏑⏑⏑¦⎼⏑⏑¦⎼⎼¦¦

Meter name: Svāgatā; Type: Akṣaracchanda (sama); 11 syllables per quarter (pāda).

Primary English translation:

“The sun, very eager to drink lotus-honey enjoined the same, taking it with hand-like rays: then as if intoxicated he reached the earth bearing a reddened body.”

(translation by A. A. Ramanathan)

Secondary translations:

“Nachdem die überaus durstige Sonne mit ihren Strahlenhänden den in der Lotusblume erzeugten Saft reichlich gekostet hatte, nahm sie, als wäre sie trunken geworden, sich zum Untergange neigend, eine rote Färbung an.”

(translation by Carl Cappeller)

Index

  1. Introduction
  2. Glossary of terms
  3. Analysis of Sanskrit grammar
  4. Sources
  5. Authorship
  6. About the Mahāsubhāṣitasaṃgraha

Presented above is a Sanskrit aphorism, also known as a subhāṣita, which is at the very least, a literary piece of art. This page provides critical research material such as an anlaysis on the poetic meter used, an English translation, a glossary explaining technical terms, and a list of resources including print editions and digital links.

Glossary of Sanskrit terms

Note: Consider this as an approximate extraction of glossary words based on an experimental segmentation of the Sanskrit verse. Some could be superfluous while some might not be mentioned.

Pani (pāṇi, पाणि): defined in 6 categories.
Panin (pāṇin, पाणिन्): defined in 1 categories.
Pipasu (pipāsu, पिपासु): defined in 1 categories.
Padmaja (पद्मज): defined in 1 categories.
Madhu (मधु): defined in 9 categories.
Bhrisha (bhrsa, bhṛśa, भृश): defined in 2 categories.
Gata (गत): defined in 6 categories.
Kshiti (ksiti, kṣiti, क्षिति): defined in 7 categories.
Lohita (लोहित): defined in 8 categories.
Vapu (वपु): defined in 4 categories.
Vapus (वपुस्): defined in 3 categories.
Patanga (pataṅga, पतङ्ग): defined in 5 categories.

Defined according to the following glossaries/dictionaries: Sanskrit, Pali, Purana (epic history), Natyashastra (theatrics and dramaturgy), India history, Marathi, Buddhism, Hinduism, Jainism, Ayurveda (science of life), Chandas (prosody, study of Sanskrit metres), Jyotisha (astronomy and astrology), Shilpashastra (iconography), Mahayana (major branch of Buddhism)

Analysis of Sanskrit grammar

Note: this is an experimental feature and only shows the first possible analysis of the Sanskrit verse. If the system was successful in segmenting the sentence, you will see of which words it is made up of, generally consisting of Nouns, Pronouns, Verbs, Participles and Indeclinables. Click on the link to show all possible derivations of the word.

  • Line 1: “aṃśupāṇibhiratīva pipāsuḥ padmajaṃ madhu bhṛśaṃ rasayitvā”
  • aṃśu -
  • aṃśu (noun, masculine); (2 der.)
    (compound)
    (adverb)
  • pāṇibhir -
  • pāṇi (noun, masculine); (1 der.)
    pāṇibhiḥ (instrumental plural)
    pāṇin (noun, masculine); (1 der.)
    pāṇibhiḥ (instrumental plural)
    pāṇin (noun, neuter); (1 der.)
    pāṇibhiḥ (instrumental plural)
  • atīva -
  • atīva (indeclinable adverb); (1 der.)
    (indeclinable adverb)
    atīva (indeclinable); (1 der.)
    (indeclinable)
  • pipāsuḥ -
  • pipāsu (noun, masculine); (1 der.)
    pipāsuḥ (nominative single)
    pipāsu (noun, feminine); (1 der.)
    pipāsuḥ (nominative single)
  • padmajam -
  • padmaja (noun, masculine); (2 der.)
    padmajam (adverb)
    padmajam (accusative single)
  • madhu -
  • madhu (noun, masculine); (2 der.)
    (compound)
    (adverb)
    madhu (noun, neuter); (5 der.)
    (compound)
    (adverb)
    madhu (nominative single)
    madhu (vocative single)
    madhu (accusative single)
  • bhṛśam -
  • bhṛśam (indeclinable); (1 der.)
    (indeclinable)
    bhṛśa (noun, masculine); (2 der.)
    bhṛśam (adverb)
    bhṛśam (accusative single)
    bhṛśa (noun, neuter); (3 der.)
    bhṛśam (adverb)
    bhṛśam (nominative single)
    bhṛśam (accusative single)
    bhṛśā (noun, feminine); (1 der.)
    bhṛśam (adverb)
  • rasayitvā -
  • ras -> rasayitvā (absolutive); (1 der.)
    (absolutive), from √ras
  • Line 2: “kṣībatāmiva gataḥ kṣitimeṣyaṃl lohitaṃ vapuruvāha pataṅgaḥ”
  • kṣībatām -
  • kṣībatā (noun, feminine); (1 der.)
    kṣībatām (accusative single)
    kṣīb -> kṣībat (participle, masculine); (1 der.)
    kṣībatām (genitive plural), from √kṣīb (class 1 verb)
    kṣīb -> kṣībat (participle, neuter); (1 der.)
    kṣībatām (genitive plural), from √kṣīb (class 1 verb)
    kṣīb (verb class 1); (2 der.)
    kṣībatām (imperative active third dual)
    kṣībatām (imperative middle third single)
  • iva -
  • iva (indeclinable adverb); (1 der.)
    (indeclinable adverb)
    iva (indeclinable); (1 der.)
    (indeclinable)
  • gataḥ -
  • gat (noun, masculine); (3 der.)
    gataḥ (accusative plural)
    gataḥ (ablative single)
    gataḥ (genitive single)
    gat (noun, neuter); (2 der.)
    gataḥ (ablative single)
    gataḥ (genitive single)
    gata (noun, masculine); (1 der.)
    gataḥ (nominative single)
  • kṣitim -
  • kṣiti (noun, feminine); (1 der.)
    kṣitim (accusative single)
    kṣiti (noun, masculine); (1 der.)
    kṣitim (accusative single)
  • eṣyaṃl -
  • eṣyat (noun, masculine); (2 der.)
    eṣyan (nominative single)
    eṣyan (vocative single)
    i -> eṣyat (participle, masculine); (2 der.)
    eṣyan (nominative single), from √i (class 2 verb)
    eṣyan (vocative single), from √i (class 2 verb)
  • lohitam -
  • lohita (noun, masculine); (2 der.)
    lohitam (adverb)
    lohitam (accusative single)
    lohita (noun, neuter); (3 der.)
    lohitam (adverb)
    lohitam (nominative single)
    lohitam (accusative single)
    lohitā (noun, feminine); (1 der.)
    lohitam (adverb)
  • vapur -
  • vapus (noun, masculine); (4 der.)
    (compound)
    vapuḥ (adverb)
    vapuḥ (nominative single)
    vapuḥ (vocative single)
    vapus (noun, neuter); (5 der.)
    (compound)
    vapuḥ (adverb)
    vapuḥ (nominative single)
    vapuḥ (vocative single)
    vapuḥ (accusative single)
    vapu (noun, feminine); (1 der.)
    vapuḥ (nominative single)
    vapu (noun, masculine); (1 der.)
    vapuḥ (nominative single)
  • uvāha -
  • vah (verb class 1); (2 der.)
    uvāha (perfect active first single)
    uvāha (perfect active third single)
  • pataṅgaḥ -
  • pataṅga (noun, masculine); (1 der.)
    pataṅgaḥ (nominative single)

Sources

This quote is contained within the following Sanskrit literary sources:

Kirātārjunīya (Mahāmahopādhyāya Paṇḍit Durgāprasād: 9.3; Carl Cappeller: 9.3): A Sanskrit epic poem (kāvya) consisting of eighteen cantos. The contents of the books are derived from the Mahābhārata. The plot revolves around the arrival of the Pāṇḍavas who got exiled to the forest. Arjuna performs austerities and is eventually rewarded with the Pāśupatāstra weapon from Śiva, which will aid him in the future war. The book was written by Bhāravi in the 6th century.
More info

Subhāṣitaratnabhāṇḍāgāra 294.23: Literally, “Gems of Sanskrit poetry”. This work is a recent compilation of more than 10,000 Subhāṣitas, or ‘sanskrit aphorisms’. The book was compiled by Nārāyaṇa Rāma Ācārya in 1952.
More info

Subhāṣitasudhāratnabhāṇḍāgāra 135.25: Literally, “Treasury of Sanskrit Poetry”. A compendium of amusing, sarcastic and instructive verses. The book was compiled by Śivadatta Kaviratna in 1985.
More info

Authorship

Bhāravi (6th century) is the author of the Kirātārjunīya. He is the author of epic poems from the Pallava empire. Bhāravi is famous for the depth of his style.

Nārāyaṇa Rāma Ācārya (1900 A.D.) is the compiler of the Subhāṣitaratnabhāṇḍāgāra, into which he included this quote.

Śivadatta Kaviratna is the compiler of the Subhāṣitasudhāratnabhāṇḍāgāra, into which he included this quote.

About the Mahāsubhāṣitasaṃgraha

This quote is included within the Mahāsubhāṣitasaṃgraha (महासुभाषितसंग्रह, maha-subhashita-samgraha / subhasita-sangraha), which is a compendium of Sanskrit aphorisms (subhāṣita), collected from various sources. Subhāṣita is a genre of Sanskrit literature, exposing the vast and rich cultural heritage of ancient India.

It has serial number 5 and can be found on page 1. (read on archive.org)

Sanskrit is the oldest living language and bears testimony to the intellectual past of ancient India. Three major religions (Hinduism, Buddhism, Jainism) share this language, which is used for many of their holy books. Besides religious manuscripts, much of India’s ancient culture has been preserved in Sanskrit, covering topics such as Architecture, Music, Botany, Surgery, Ethics, Philosophy, Dance and much more.

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