Sanskrit quote nr. 22 (Maha-subhashita-samgraha)

Sanskrit text:

अकर्णमकरोच्छेषं विधिर्ब्रह्माण्डभङ्गधीः ।
श्रुत्वा रामकथां रम्यां शिरः कस्य न कम्पते ॥

akarṇamakaroccheṣaṃ vidhirbrahmāṇḍabhaṅgadhīḥ |
śrutvā rāmakathāṃ ramyāṃ śiraḥ kasya na kampate ||

⏒⏒⏒⏒¦⏑⎼⎼⏒¦¦⏒⏒⏒⏒¦⏑⎼⏑⏒¦¦
⏒⏒⏒⏒¦⏑⎼⎼⏒¦¦⏒⏒⏒⏒¦⏑⎼⏑⏒¦¦

Meter name: Śloka; Type: pathyā (‘normal’); 8 syllables per quarter (pāda).

Primary English translation:

“Who does not nod his head (in delight) on hearing the pleasing story of Śrī Rāma? Hence Lord Brahmā, afraid of crumbling the universe made Śeṣa (the supporter of the earth) devoid of ears.”

(translation by A. A. Ramanathan)

Index

  1. Introduction
  2. Glossary of terms
  3. Analysis of Sanskrit grammar
  4. Sources
  5. Authorship
  6. About the Mahāsubhāṣitasaṃgraha

Presented above is a Sanskrit aphorism, also known as a subhāṣita, which is at the very least, a literary piece of art. This page provides critical research material such as an anlaysis on the poetic meter used, an English translation, a glossary explaining technical terms, and a list of resources including print editions and digital links.

Glossary of Sanskrit terms

Note: Consider this as an approximate extraction of glossary words based on an experimental segmentation of the Sanskrit verse. Some could be superfluous while some might not be mentioned.

Akarna (akarṇa, अकर्ण): defined in 3 categories.
Shesha (sesa, śeṣa, शेष): defined in 12 categories.
Vidhi (विधि): defined in 9 categories.
Brahmanda (brahmāṇḍa, ब्रह्माण्ड): defined in 4 categories.
Bhanga (bhaṅga, भङ्ग): defined in 8 categories.
Dhi (dhī, धी): defined in 6 categories.
Ramya (ramyā, रम्या): defined in 7 categories.
Shiras (siras, śiras, शिरस्): defined in 4 categories.
Ka (क): defined in 6 categories.
Kim (किम्): defined in 3 categories.
Na (न): defined in 5 categories.

Defined according to the following glossaries/dictionaries: Sanskrit, Purana, Marathi, Hinduism, Pali, Itihasa (narrative history), Kavya (poetry), Vyakarana (Sanskrit grammar), Katha (narrative stories), Shaktism (Shakta philosophy), Rasashastra (chemistry and alchemy), Theravada (major branch of Buddhism), Chandas (prosody, study of Sanskrit metres), Mimamsa (school of philosophy), Ayurveda (science of life), Vedanta (school of philosophy), Vastushastra (architecture), Yoga (school of philosophy), Buddhism, Shilpashastra (iconography), Natyashastra (theatrics and dramaturgy), Shaivism (Shaiva philosophy), Pancaratra (worship of Nārāyaṇa)

Analysis of Sanskrit grammar

Note: this is an experimental feature and only shows the first possible analysis of the Sanskrit verse. If the system was successful in segmenting the sentence, you will see of which words it is made up of, generally consisting of Nouns, Pronouns, Verbs, Participles and Indeclinables. Click on the link to show all possible derivations of the word.

  • Line 1: “akarṇamakaroccheṣaṃ vidhirbrahmāṇḍabhaṅgadhīḥ”
  • akarṇam -
  • akarṇa (noun, masculine); (2 der.)
    akarṇam (adverb)
    akarṇam (accusative single)
    akarṇa (noun, neuter); (3 der.)
    akarṇam (adverb)
    akarṇam (nominative single)
    akarṇam (accusative single)
    akarṇā (noun, feminine); (1 der.)
    akarṇam (adverb)
  • akarocch -
  • kṛ (verb class 8); (1 der.)
    akarot (imperfect active third single)
  • śeṣam -
  • śeṣa (noun, masculine); (2 der.)
    śeṣam (adverb)
    śeṣam (accusative single)
    śeṣa (noun, neuter); (3 der.)
    śeṣam (adverb)
    śeṣam (nominative single)
    śeṣam (accusative single)
    śeṣā (noun, feminine); (1 der.)
    śeṣam (adverb)
  • vidhir -
  • vidhi (noun, feminine); (1 der.)
    vidhiḥ (nominative single)
    vidhi (noun, masculine); (1 der.)
    vidhiḥ (nominative single)
  • brahmāṇḍa -
  • brahmāṇḍa (noun, neuter); (2 der.)
    (compound)
    brahmāṇḍa (vocative single)
  • bhaṅga -
  • bhaṅga (noun, masculine); (2 der.)
    (compound)
    bhaṅga (vocative single)
    bhaṅga (noun, neuter); (2 der.)
    (compound)
    bhaṅga (vocative single)
  • dhīḥ -
  • dhī (noun, feminine); (2 der.)
    dhīḥ (nominative single)
    dhīḥ (vocative single)
  • Line 2: “śrutvā rāmakathāṃ ramyāṃ śiraḥ kasya na kampate”
  • śrutvā -
  • śru -> śrutvā (absolutive); (1 der.)
    (absolutive), from √śru
  • rāmakathām -
  • rāmakathā (noun, feminine); (1 der.)
    rāmakathām (accusative single)
  • ramyām -
  • ramyā (noun, feminine); (1 der.)
    ramyām (accusative single)
    ram -> ramyā (participle, feminine); (2 der.)
    ramyām (accusative single), from √ram (class 1 verb)
    ramyām (accusative single), from √ram
  • śiraḥ -
  • śiras (noun, neuter); (4 der.)
    (compound)
    śiraḥ (nominative single)
    śiraḥ (vocative single)
    śiraḥ (accusative single)
    śira (noun, masculine); (1 der.)
    śiraḥ (nominative single)
  • kasya -
  • kas -> kasya (absolutive); (1 der.)
    (absolutive), from √kas
    ka (noun, masculine); (1 der.)
    kasya (genitive single)
    ka (noun, neuter); (1 der.)
    kasya (genitive single)
    kaḥ (pronoun, masculine); (1 der.)
    kasya (genitive single)
    kim (pronoun, neuter); (1 der.)
    kasya (genitive single)
  • na -
  • na (indeclinable particle); (1 der.)
    (indeclinable particle)
    na (noun, masculine); (2 der.)
    (compound)
    na (vocative single)
    na (noun, neuter); (2 der.)
    (compound)
    na (vocative single)
  • kampate -
  • kamp (verb class 1); (1 der.)
    kampate (present middle third single)

Sources

This quote is contained within the following Sanskrit literary sources:

Subhāṣitasaṃgraha 132: Literally “Collected discourses”. A collection of 273 Sanskrit sayings including Gujaratī prose explanations. The book was compiled by Puruṣottama Mayārāma Paṇḍyā in 1886.
More info

Authorship

Puruṣottama Mayārāma Paṇḍyā (19th century) is the compiler of the Subhāṣitasaṃgraha, into which he included this quote.

About the Mahāsubhāṣitasaṃgraha

This quote is included within the Mahāsubhāṣitasaṃgraha (महासुभाषितसंग्रह, maha-subhashita-samgraha / subhasita-sangraha), which is a compendium of Sanskrit aphorisms (subhāṣita), collected from various sources. Subhāṣita is a genre of Sanskrit literature, exposing the vast and rich cultural heritage of ancient India.

It has serial number 22 and can be found on page 4. (read on archive.org)

Sanskrit is the oldest living language and bears testimony to the intellectual past of ancient India. Three major religions (Hinduism, Buddhism, Jainism) share this language, which is used for many of their holy books. Besides religious manuscripts, much of India’s ancient culture has been preserved in Sanskrit, covering topics such as Architecture, Music, Botany, Surgery, Ethics, Philosophy, Dance and much more.

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