Sanskrit quote nr. 12 (Maha-subhashita-samgraha)

Sanskrit text:

अंसेन कर्णं चिबुकेन वक्षः करद्वयेनाक्षि तिरोदधानाम् ।
संताडयामास हरिः समेत्य चकोरनेत्रां चलुकोदकेन ॥

aṃsena karṇaṃ cibukena vakṣaḥ karadvayenākṣi tirodadhānām |
saṃtāḍayāmāsa hariḥ sametya cakoranetrāṃ calukodakena ||

⎼⎼⏑¦⎼⎼⏑¦⏑⎼⏑¦⎼⎼¦¦⎼⎼⏑¦⎼⎼⏑¦⏑⎼⏑¦⎼⎼¦¦
⎼⎼⏑¦⎼⎼⏑¦⏑⎼⏑¦⎼⎼¦¦⎼⎼⏑¦⎼⎼⏑¦⏑⎼⏑¦⎼⎼¦¦

Meter name: Upajāti (Indravajrā and Upendravajrā); Type: Akṣaracchanda (sama); 11 syllables per quarter (pāda).

Primary English translation:

“Śrī Kṛṣṇa approaching the damsel (having eyes like the cakora bird) let fly a handful of water at her, who screened her ears with her shoulders, her breasts with her chin, and her eyes with her hands.”

(translation by A. A. Ramanathan)

Index

  1. Introduction
  2. Glossary of terms
  3. Analysis of Sanskrit grammar
  4. Sources
  5. Authorship
  6. About the Mahāsubhāṣitasaṃgraha

Presented above is a Sanskrit aphorism, also known as a subhāṣita, which is at the very least, a literary piece of art. This page provides critical research material such as an anlaysis on the poetic meter used, an English translation, a glossary explaining technical terms, and a list of resources including print editions and digital links.

Glossary of Sanskrit terms

Note: Consider this as an approximate extraction of glossary words based on an experimental segmentation of the Sanskrit verse. Some could be superfluous while some might not be mentioned.

Karna (karṇa, कर्ण): defined in 10 categories.
Cibuka (चिबुक): defined in 3 categories.
Vaya (वय): defined in 5 categories.
Akshan (aksan, akṣan, अक्षन्): defined in 1 categories.
Akshi (aksi, akṣi, अक्षि): defined in 5 categories.
Santa (santā, सन्ता): defined in 9 categories.
Da (ḍā, डा): defined in 4 categories.
Hari (हरि): defined in 13 categories.
Caluka (चलुक): defined in 2 categories.
Udaka (उदक): defined in 5 categories.

Defined according to the following glossaries/dictionaries: Hinduism, Sanskrit, Vastushastra (architecture), Purana, Kavya (poetry), Jyotisha (astronomy and astrology), Shaktism (Shakta philosophy), Mahayana (major branch of Buddhism), India history, Marathi, Natyashastra (theatrics and dramaturgy), Pali, Vyakarana (Sanskrit grammar), Ayurveda (science of life), Itihasa (narrative history), Shaivism (Shaiva philosophy), Theravada (major branch of Buddhism), Jainism, Pancaratra (worship of Nārāyaṇa), Chandas (prosody, study of Sanskrit metres)

Analysis of Sanskrit grammar

Note: this is an experimental feature and only shows the first possible analysis of the Sanskrit verse. If the system was successful in segmenting the sentence, you will see of which words it is made up of, generally consisting of Nouns, Pronouns, Verbs, Participles and Indeclinables. Click on the link to show all possible derivations of the word.

  • Line 1: “aṃsena karṇaṃ cibukena vakṣaḥ karadvayenākṣi tirodadhānām”
  • aṃsena -
  • aṃsa (noun, masculine); (1 der.)
    aṃsena (instrumental single)
  • karṇam -
  • karṇa (noun, masculine); (2 der.)
    karṇam (adverb)
    karṇam (accusative single)
  • cibukena -
  • cibuka (noun, masculine); (1 der.)
    cibukena (instrumental single)
    cibuka (noun, neuter); (1 der.)
    cibukena (instrumental single)
  • vakṣaḥ -
  • vakṣas (noun, masculine); (2 der.)
    (compound)
    vakṣaḥ (vocative single)
    vakṣas (noun, neuter); (4 der.)
    (compound)
    vakṣaḥ (nominative single)
    vakṣaḥ (vocative single)
    vakṣaḥ (accusative single)
  • karad -
  • kṛ -> karat (participle, neuter); (3 der.)
    karat (nominative single), from √kṛ (class 1 verb)
    karat (vocative single), from √kṛ (class 1 verb)
    karat (accusative single), from √kṛ (class 1 verb)
  • vayenā -
  • vaya (noun, masculine); (1 der.)
    vayena (instrumental single)
  • akṣi -
  • akṣan (noun, neuter); (4 der.)
    akṣi (compound)
    akṣi (adverb)
    akṣi (nominative single)
    akṣi (accusative single)
    akṣi (noun, neuter); (5 der.)
    (compound)
    (adverb)
    akṣi (nominative single)
    akṣi (vocative single)
    akṣi (accusative single)
  • tiro -
  • tṝ (verb class 1); (1 der.)
    tira (imperative active second single)
    tṝ (verb class 6); (1 der.)
    tira (imperative active second single)
  • udadhānām -
  • udadhānā (noun, feminine); (1 der.)
    udadhānām (accusative single)
  • Line 2: “saṃtāḍayāmāsa hariḥ sametya cakoranetrāṃ calukodakena”
  • santā -
  • sam -> santā (participle, feminine); (1 der.)
    santā (nominative single), from √sam (class 1 verb)
  • ḍayā -
  • ḍā (noun, feminine); (1 der.)
    ḍayā (instrumental single)
  • māsa -
  • māsa (noun, masculine); (2 der.)
    (compound)
    māsa (vocative single)
  • hariḥ -
  • hari (noun, masculine); (1 der.)
    hariḥ (nominative single)
    hari (noun, feminine); (1 der.)
    hariḥ (nominative single)
  • samet -
  • sam (verb class 1); (1 der.)
    samet (optative active third single)
  • ya -
  • cakoranetrām -
  • cakoranetrā (noun, feminine); (1 der.)
    cakoranetrām (accusative single)
  • caluko -
  • caluka (noun, masculine); (2 der.)
    (compound)
    caluka (vocative single)
  • udakena -
  • udaka (noun, neuter); (1 der.)
    udakena (instrumental single)

Sources

This quote is contained within the following Sanskrit literary sources:

Padyaveṇī 543: A collection of Sanskrit verses The book was compiled by Veṇīdatta in the 17th century.
More info

Padyaracanā 63.24: An anthology of Sanskrit poetry, containing a collection of poetical verses. The book was compiled by Lakṣmaṇa Bhaṭṭa Āṅkolakara in the 17th century.
More info

Authorship

Veṇīdatta is the compiler of the Padyaveṇī, into which he included this quote, ascribing the authorship to Gaṇapati.

Lakṣmaṇa Bhaṭṭa Āṅkolakara is the compiler of the Padyaracanā, into which he included this quote, ascribing the authorship to Gaṇapati.

About the Mahāsubhāṣitasaṃgraha

This quote is included within the Mahāsubhāṣitasaṃgraha (महासुभाषितसंग्रह, maha-subhashita-samgraha / subhasita-sangraha), which is a compendium of Sanskrit aphorisms (subhāṣita), collected from various sources. Subhāṣita is a genre of Sanskrit literature, exposing the vast and rich cultural heritage of ancient India.

It has serial number 12 and can be found on page 3. (read on archive.org)

Sanskrit is the oldest living language and bears testimony to the intellectual past of ancient India. Three major religions (Hinduism, Buddhism, Jainism) share this language, which is used for many of their holy books. Besides religious manuscripts, much of India’s ancient culture has been preserved in Sanskrit, covering topics such as Architecture, Music, Botany, Surgery, Ethics, Philosophy, Dance and much more.

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