Tattvartha Sutra (with commentary)

by Vijay K. Jain | 2018 | 130,587 words | ISBN-10: 8193272625 | ISBN-13: 9788193272626

This page describes the transgressions of samayika-vrata which is verse 7.33 of the English translation of the Tattvartha Sutra which represents the essentials of Jainism and Jain dharma and deals with the basics on Karma, Cosmology, Ethics, Celestial beings and Liberation. The Tattvarthasutra is authorative among both Digambara and Shvetambara. This is verse 33 of the chapter The Five Vows and includes an extensive commentary.

Verse 7.33 - The transgressions of Sāmāyika-vrata

Sanskrit text, Unicode transliteration and English translation of Tattvartha sūtra 7.33:

योगदुष्प्रणिधानानादरस्मृत्यनुपस्थानानि ॥ ७.३३ ॥

yogaduṣpraṇidhānānādarasmṛtyanupasthānāni || 7.33 ||

Misdirected threefold activity–yogaduṣpraṇidhāna–of the body (kāya), the speech (vacana) and the mind (mana), lack of earnestness–anādara, and fluctuation of thought–smṛtyanupasthāna, are the five transgressions of the supplementary vow of periodic concentration–sāmāyikavrata. (33)

Hindi Anvayarth:

अन्वयार्थ: [योगदुष्प्रणिधानं] मन सम्बन्धी परिणामों की अन्यथा प्रवृत्ति करना, वचन सम्बन्धी परिणामों की अन्यथा प्रवृत्ति करना, काय सम्बन्धी परिणामों की अन्यथा प्रवृत्ति करना, [अनादर] सामायिक के प्रति उत्साह रहित होना, [स्मृत्यनुपस्थानं] एकाग्रता के अभाव को लेकर सामायिक के पाठ आदि भूल जाना-ये पाँच सामायिक शिक्षाव्रत के अतिचार हैं।

Anvayartha: [yogadushpranidhanam] mana sambandhi parinamom ki anyatha pravritti karana, vacana sambandhi parinamom ki anyatha pravritti karana, kaya sambandhi parinamom ki anyatha pravritti karana, [anadara] samayika ke prati utsaha rahita hona, [smrityanupasthanam] ekagrata ke abhava ko lekara samayika ke patha adi bhula jana-ye pamca samayika shikshavrata ke aticara haim |

Explanation in English from Ācārya Pūjyapāda’s Sarvārthasiddhi:

Activity (yoga) has already been explained as of three kinds. Transgressions are actions tending to evil; these also are of three kinds, vicious bodily activity–kāyayogaduṣpraṇidhāna, vicious speech-activity–vacanayogaduṣpraṇidhāna and vicious mental-activity–manoyogaduṣpraṇidhāna. Lack of earnestness during concentration is anādara. Fluctuation of thought during concen-tration is smṛtyanupasthāna. These are the five transgressions of the supplementary vow of periodic concentration–sāmāyikavrata.

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